Average Weather in January in Ottawa Canada
In Ottawa, the month of January is characterized by essentially constant daily high temperatures, with daily highs around 23°F throughout the month, rarely exceeding 39°F or dropping below 5°F. The lowest daily average high temperature is 22°F on January 15.
Daily low temperatures decrease by 4°F, from 11°F to 7°F, rarely falling below -11°F or exceeding 28°F. The lowest daily average low temperature is 7°F on January 29.
For reference, on July 20, the hottest day of the year, temperatures in Ottawa typically range from 62°F to 80°F, while on January 29, the coldest day of the year, they range from 7°F to 22°F.
Average High and Low Temperature in January
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the hourly average temperatures for the quarter of the year centered on January. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature in January
The month of January in Ottawa experiences essentially constant cloud cover, with the percentage of time that the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy remaining about 69% throughout the month. The highest chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 70% on January 5.
The clearest day of the month is January 31, with clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy conditions 32% of the time.
For reference, on January 5, the cloudiest day of the year, the chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 70%, while on August 8, the clearest day of the year, the chance of clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy skies is 64%.
Cloud Cover in January
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. In Ottawa, the chance of a wet day over the course of January is rapidly decreasing, starting the month at 27% and ending it at 21%.
For reference, the year's highest daily chance of a wet day is 38% on July 8, and its lowest chance is 20% on January 29.
Over the course of January in Ottawa, the chance of a day with only rain remains an essentially constant 3% throughout, the chance of a day with mixed snow and rain decreases from 7% to 4%, and the chance of a day with only snow decreases from 16% to 14%.
Probability of Precipitation in January
To show variation within the month and not just the monthly total, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.
The average sliding 31-day rainfall during January in Ottawa is essentially constant, remaining about 0.6 inches throughout, and rarely exceeding 1.6 inches or falling below -0.0 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall in January
We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. As with rainfall, we consider the liquid-equivalent snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.
The average sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall during January in Ottawa is essentially constant, remaining about 1.1 inches throughout, and rarely exceeding 2.2 inches or falling below 0.3 inches.
Average Monthly Liquid-Equivalent Snowfall in January
Over the course of January in Ottawa, the length of the day is increasing. From the start to the end of the month, the length of the day increases by 56 minutes, implying an average daily increase of 1 minute, 52 seconds, and weekly increase of 13 minutes, 5 seconds.
The shortest day of the month is January 1, with 8 hours, 48 minutes of daylight and the longest day is January 31, with 9 hours, 44 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight in January
The latest sunrise of the month in Ottawa is 7:42 AM on January 1 and the earliest sunrise is 18 minutes earlier at 7:24 AM on January 31.
The earliest sunset is 4:30 PM on January 1 and the latest sunset is 38 minutes later at 5:08 PM on January 31.
Daylight saving time is observed in Ottawa during 2017, but it neither starts nor ends during January, so the entire month is in standard time.
For reference, on June 21, the longest day of the year, the Sun rises at 5:14 AM and sets 15 hours, 40 minutes later, at 8:54 PM, while on December 21, the shortest day of the year, it rises at 7:39 AM and sets 8 hours, 43 minutes later, at 4:22 PM.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in January
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The chance that a given day will be muggy in Ottawa is essentially constant during January, remaining around 0% throughout.
For reference, on July 20, the muggiest day of the year, there are muggy conditions 20% of the time, while on November 4, the leasy muggy day of the year, there are muggy conditions 0% of the time.
Humidity Comfort Levels in January
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Ottawa is essentially constant during January, remaining within 0.2 miles per hour of 3.6 miles per hour throughout.
For reference, on February 19, the windiest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 4.0 miles per hour, while on July 31, the calmest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 2.0 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed in January
Wind Direction in January
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy in Ottawa is gradually increasing during January, rising by 0.6 kWh, from 1.2 kWh to 1.9 kWh, over the course of the month.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in January
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Ottawa are 45.411 deg latitude, -75.698 deg longitude, and 217 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Ottawa contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 131 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 209 feet. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (1,050 feet). Within 50 miles also contains very significant variations in elevation (1,903 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Ottawa is covered by artificial surfaces (89%), within 10 miles by trees (40%) and artificial surfaces (30%), and within 50 miles by trees (65%) and cropland (20%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Ottawa year round, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 3 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Ottawa.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Ottawa according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Ottawa is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Ottawa and a given station.
The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Ottawa Macdonald-Cartier International Airport (89%, 10 kilometers, south); High Falls , Que. (10%, 47 kilometers, north); and Bancroft Automatic Weather Reporting System (1.4%, 174 kilometers, west).
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.