Average Weather in November in Toftrees Pennsylvania, United States
Daily high temperatures decrease by 12°F, from 55°F to 44°F, rarely falling below 31°F or exceeding 68°F.
Daily low temperatures decrease by 8°F, from 40°F to 32°F, rarely falling below 21°F or exceeding 51°F.
For reference, on July 20, the hottest day of the year, temperatures in Toftrees typically range from 63°F to 81°F, while on January 29, the coldest day of the year, they range from 21°F to 34°F.
Average High and Low Temperature in November
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the hourly average temperatures for the quarter of the year centered on November. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature in November
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The month of November in Toftrees experiences gradually increasing cloud cover, with the percentage of time that the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy increasing from 48% to 56%.
The clearest day of the month is November 1, with clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy conditions 52% of the time.
For reference, on January 11, the cloudiest day of the year, the chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 62%, while on September 3, the clearest day of the year, the chance of clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy skies is 65%.
Cloud Cover Categories in November
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. In Toftrees, the chance of a wet day over the course of November is essentially constant, remaining around 24% throughout.
For reference, the year's highest daily chance of a wet day is 40% on May 29, and its lowest chance is 20% on January 13.
Over the course of November in Toftrees, the chance of a day with only rain decreases from 23% to 18%, the chance of a day with mixed snow and rain increases from 1% to 4%, and the chance of a day with only snow remains an essentially constant 1% throughout.
Probability of Precipitation in November
To show variation within the month and not just the monthly total, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.
The average sliding 31-day rainfall during November in Toftrees is essentially constant, remaining about 2.6 inches throughout, and rarely exceeding 4.6 inches or falling below 0.9 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall in November
We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. As with rainfall, we consider the liquid-equivalent snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.
The average sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall during November in Toftrees is gradually increasing, starting the month at 0.0 inches, when it rarely exceeds 0.2 inches or falls below -0.0 inches, and ending the month at 0.3 inches, when it rarely exceeds 0.9 inches or falls below -0.0 inches.
Average Monthly Liquid-Equivalent Snowfall in November
Over the course of November in Toftrees, the length of the day is decreasing. From the start to the end of the month, the length of the day decreases by 57 minutes, implying an average daily decrease of 1 minute, 57 seconds, and weekly decrease of 13 minutes, 38 seconds.
The shortest day of the month is November 30, with 9 hours, 30 minutes of daylight and the longest day is November 1, with 10 hours, 26 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight in November
The latest sunrise of the month in Toftrees is 7:42 AM on November 2 and the earliest sunrise is 59 minutes earlier at 6:44 AM on November 3.
The latest sunset is 6:07 PM on November 1 and the earliest sunset is 1 hour, 23 minutes earlier at 4:44 PM on November 30.
Daylight saving time (DST) ends at 1:00 AM on November 3, 2019, shifting sunrise and sunset to be an hour earlier.
For reference, on June 21, the longest day of the year, the Sun rises at 5:40 AM and sets 15 hours, 7 minutes later, at 8:46 PM, while on December 22, the shortest day of the year, it rises at 7:32 AM and sets 9 hours, 15 minutes later, at 4:47 PM.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time in November
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The chance that a given day will be muggy in Toftrees is essentially constant during November, remaining around 0% throughout.
For reference, on July 21, the muggiest day of the year, there are muggy conditions 30% of the time, while on November 7, the least muggy day of the year, there are muggy conditions 0% of the time.
Humidity Comfort Levels in November
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Toftrees is gradually increasing during November, increasing from 4.6 miles per hour to 5.2 miles per hour over the course of the month.
For reference, on February 2, the windiest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 6.6 miles per hour, while on August 4, the calmest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 3.3 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed in November
The hourly average wind direction in Toftrees throughout November is predominantly from the west, with a peak proportion of 50% on November 27.
Wind Direction in November
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
The growing season in Toftrees typically lasts for 6.1 months (186 days), from around April 19 to around October 22, rarely starting before March 31 or after May 10, and rarely ending before October 2 or after November 12.
The month of November in Toftrees is more likely than not fully outside of the growing season, with the chance that a given day is in the growing season rapidly decreasing from 27% to 0% over the course of the month.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in November
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
The average accumulated growing degree days in Toftrees are gradually increasing during November, increasing by 45°F, from 2,878°F to 2,923°F, over the course of the month.
Growing Degree Days in November
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy in Toftrees is gradually decreasing during November, falling by 0.9 kWh, from 2.8 kWh to 1.9 kWh, over the course of the month.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in November
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Toftrees are 40.826 deg latitude, -77.881 deg longitude, and 1,158 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Toftrees contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 341 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 1,161 feet. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (1,785 feet). Within 50 miles contains very significant variations in elevation (2,589 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Toftrees is covered by trees (35%), artificial surfaces (35%), and cropland (30%), within 10 miles by trees (64%) and cropland (27%), and within 50 miles by trees (80%) and cropland (18%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Toftrees year round, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 3 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Toftrees.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Toftrees according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Toftrees is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Toftrees and a given station.
The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Penn State University Park Airport (93%, 3.7 kilometers, northeast); Mid-State Airport (5%, 19 kilometers, northwest); and Altoona-Blair County Airport (1.5%, 70 kilometers, southwest).
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.