Average Weather in September in Panamá Panama
In Panamá, the month of September is characterized by essentially constant daily high temperatures, with daily highs around 86°F throughout the month, rarely exceeding 91°F or dropping below 82°F.
Daily low temperatures are around 75°F, rarely falling below 72°F or exceeding 77°F.
For reference, on April 6, the hottest day of the year, temperatures in Panamá typically range from 74°F to 92°F, while on January 22, the coldest day of the year, they range from 72°F to 90°F.
Average High and Low Temperature in September
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the hourly average temperatures for the quarter of the year centered on September. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature in September
The month of September in Panamá experiences essentially constant cloud cover, with the percentage of time that the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy remaining about 93% throughout the month.
The clearest day of the month is September 25, with clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy conditions 8% of the time.
For reference, on July 28, the cloudiest day of the year, the chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 95%, while on January 13, the clearest day of the year, the chance of clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy skies is 52%.
Cloud Cover Categories in September
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. In Panamá, the chance of a wet day over the course of September is increasing, starting the month at 39% and ending it at 43%.
For reference, the year's highest daily chance of a wet day is 46% on November 8, and its lowest chance is 3% on January 31.
Probability of Precipitation in September
To show variation within the month and not just the monthly total, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.
The average sliding 31-day rainfall during September in Panamá is gradually increasing, starting the month at 6.7 inches, when it rarely exceeds 10.8 inches or falls below 3.3 inches, and ending the month at 7.1 inches, when it rarely exceeds 10.4 inches or falls below 3.7 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall in September
Over the course of September in Panamá, the length of the day is essentially constant. The shortest day of the month is September 30, with 12 hours, 3 minutes of daylight and the longest day is September 1, with 12 hours, 17 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight in September
The latest sunrise of the month in Panamá is 6:09 AM on September 1 and the earliest sunrise is 2 minutes, 56 seconds earlier at 6:06 AM on September 30.
The latest sunset is 6:26 PM on September 1 and the earliest sunset is 17 minutes earlier at 6:09 PM on September 30.
Daylight saving time is not observed in Panamá during 2017.
For reference, on June 21, the longest day of the year, the Sun rises at 6:00 AM and sets 12 hours, 39 minutes later, at 6:39 PM, while on December 21, the shortest day of the year, it rises at 6:28 AM and sets 11 hours, 36 minutes later, at 6:04 PM.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in September
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The chance that a given day will be muggy in Panamá is essentially constant during September, remaining around 100% throughout.
For reference, on May 31, the muggiest day of the year, there are muggy conditions 100% of the time, while on February 28, the least muggy day of the year, there are muggy conditions 92% of the time.
Humidity Comfort Levels in September
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Panamá is essentially constant during September, remaining around 3.3 miles per hour throughout.
For reference, on February 26, the windiest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 7.9 miles per hour, while on September 16, the calmest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 3.2 miles per hour.
The lowest daily average wind speed during September is 3.2 miles per hour on September 16.
Average Wind Speed in September
Wind Direction in September
Panamá is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.
The average surface water temperature in Panamá is essentially constant during September, remaining around 83°F throughout.
The highest average surface water temperature during September is 83°F on September 20.
Average Water Temperature in September
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy in Panamá is essentially constant during September, remaining within 0.1 kWh of 3.2 kWh throughout.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in September
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Panamá are 8.994 deg latitude, -79.520 deg longitude, and 59 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Panamá contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 364 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 84 feet. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (1,624 feet). Within 50 miles contains very significant variations in elevation (3,934 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Panamá is covered by artificial surfaces (63%), water (20%), and grassland (12%), within 10 miles by water (47%) and trees (17%), and within 50 miles by water (61%) and trees (20%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Panamá year round, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There is only a single weather station, Tocumen International Airport, in our network suitable to be used as a proxy for the historical temperature and dew point records of Panamá.
At a distance of 17 kilometers from Panamá, closer than our threshold of 150 kilometers, this station is deemed sufficiently nearby to be relied upon as our primary source for temperature and dew point records.
The station records are corrected for the elevation difference between the station and Panamá according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
Please note that the station records themselves may additionally have been back-filled using other nearby stations or the MERRA-2 reanalysis.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.