Average Weather in September in San Pedro del Espino Panama
Daily high temperatures are around 85°F, rarely falling below 82°F or exceeding 88°F.
Daily low temperatures are around 72°F, rarely falling below 70°F or exceeding 74°F.
For reference, on March 22, the hottest day of the year, temperatures in San Pedro del Espino typically range from 72°F to 93°F, while on January 19, the coldest day of the year, they range from 68°F to 88°F.
Average High and Low Temperature in September
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the hourly average temperatures for the quarter of the year centered on September. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature in September
Impfondo, Congo - Brazzaville (6,835 miles away); Kuttālam, India (10,548 miles); and Danlugan, Philippines (10,432 miles) are the far-away foreign places with temperatures most similar to San Pedro del Espino (view comparison).
The month of September in San Pedro del Espino experiences essentially constant cloud cover, with the percentage of time that the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy remaining about 92% throughout the month. The highest chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 93% on September 6.
The clearest day of the month is September 17, with clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy conditions 8% of the time.
For reference, on June 16, the cloudiest day of the year, the chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 93%, while on January 3, the clearest day of the year, the chance of clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy skies is 55%.
Cloud Cover Categories in September
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. In San Pedro del Espino, the chance of a wet day over the course of September is essentially constant, remaining around 47% throughout.
For reference, the year's highest daily chance of a wet day is 50% on October 24, and its lowest chance is 4% on February 9.
Probability of Precipitation in September
To show variation within the month and not just the monthly total, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.
The average sliding 31-day rainfall during September in San Pedro del Espino is gradually increasing, starting the month at 7.5 inches, when it rarely exceeds 12.0 inches or falls below 3.8 inches, and ending the month at 8.0 inches, when it rarely exceeds 11.9 inches or falls below 4.1 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall in September
Over the course of September in San Pedro del Espino, the length of the day is essentially constant. The shortest day of the month is September 30, with 12 hours, 3 minutes of daylight and the longest day is September 1, with 12 hours, 16 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight in September
The latest sunrise of the month in San Pedro del Espino is 6:16 AM on September 1 and the earliest sunrise is 4 minutes earlier at 6:12 AM on September 30.
The latest sunset is 6:32 PM on September 1 and the earliest sunset is 16 minutes earlier at 6:15 PM on September 30.
Daylight saving time is not observed in San Pedro del Espino during 2018.
For reference, on June 21, the longest day of the year, the Sun rises at 6:08 AM and sets 12 hours, 36 minutes later, at 6:44 PM, while on December 21, the shortest day of the year, it rises at 6:32 AM and sets 11 hours, 39 minutes later, at 6:12 PM.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in September
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The chance that a given day will be muggy in San Pedro del Espino is essentially constant during September, remaining around 100% throughout.
For reference, on May 31, the muggiest day of the year, there are muggy conditions 100% of the time, while on February 27, the least muggy day of the year, there are muggy conditions 90% of the time.
Humidity Comfort Levels in September
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in San Pedro del Espino is gradually increasing during September, increasing from 4.8 miles per hour to 5.5 miles per hour over the course of the month.
For reference, on February 27, the windiest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 9.2 miles per hour, while on June 24, the calmest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 4.4 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed in September
Wind Direction in September
San Pedro del Espino is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.
The average surface water temperature in San Pedro del Espino is essentially constant during September, remaining around 83°F throughout.
Average Water Temperature in September
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
Temperatures in San Pedro del Espino are sufficiently warm year round that it is not entirely meaningful to discuss the growing season in these terms. We nevertheless include the chart below as an illustration of the distribution of temperatures experienced throughout the year.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in September
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
The average accumulated growing degree days in San Pedro del Espino are rapidly increasing during September, increasing by 792°F, from 7,049°F to 7,841°F, over the course of the month.
Growing Degree Days in September
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy in San Pedro del Espino is essentially constant during September, remaining around 3.4 kWh throughout.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in September
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of San Pedro del Espino are 8.140 deg latitude, -81.087 deg longitude, and 226 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of San Pedro del Espino contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 289 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 212 feet. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (984 feet). Within 50 miles contains very significant variations in elevation (7,290 feet).
The area within 2 miles of San Pedro del Espino is covered by grassland (68%) and trees (28%), within 10 miles by grassland (60%) and trees (27%), and within 50 miles by grassland (29%) and trees (29%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in San Pedro del Espino year round, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There is only a single weather station, David Airport, in our network suitable to be used as a proxy for the historical temperature and dew point records of San Pedro del Espino.
At a distance of 151 kilometers from San Pedro del Espino, further than our threshold of 150 kilometers, this station is deemed insufficiently nearby to be relied upon as our primary source for temperature and dew point records. Consequently, the station records are blended with interpolated values from NASA's MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis , and both are corrected for elevation differences according to the International Standard Atmosphere .
The weight assigned to the MERRA-2 value depends on the distance from San Pedro del Espino to the nearest station, increasing from 0% at 150 kilometers to 100% at 200 kilometers. In this case, the MERRA-2 weight is 2%, making the weight assigned to the weather station 98%.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.