Average Weather in September in Gainesville Florida, United States
In Gainesville, the month of September is characterized by gradually falling daily high temperatures, with daily highs decreasing by 4°F, from 88°F to 84°F over the course of the month, and rarely exceeding 93°F or dropping below 78°F.
Daily low temperatures decrease by 5°F, from 72°F to 67°F, rarely falling below 59°F or exceeding 75°F.
For reference, on July 18, the hottest day of the year, temperatures in Gainesville typically range from 72°F to 90°F, while on January 14, the coldest day of the year, they range from 44°F to 66°F.
Average High and Low Temperature in September
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the hourly average temperatures for the quarter of the year centered on September. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature in September
The month of September in Gainesville experiences decreasing cloud cover, with the percentage of time that the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy decreasing from 57% to 46%.
The clearest day of the month is September 30, with clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy conditions 54% of the time.
For reference, on July 12, the cloudiest day of the year, the chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 64%, while on October 27, the clearest day of the year, the chance of clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy skies is 66%.
Cloud Cover in September
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. In Gainesville, the chance of a wet day over the course of September is very rapidly decreasing, starting the month at 55% and ending it at 37%.
For reference, the year's highest daily chance of a wet day is 69% on July 27, and its lowest chance is 17% on November 22.
Probability of Precipitation in September
To show variation within the month and not just the monthly total, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.
The average sliding 31-day rainfall during September in Gainesville is rapidly decreasing, starting the month at 5.4 inches, when it rarely exceeds 9.7 inches or falls below 2.8 inches, and ending the month at 3.7 inches, when it rarely exceeds 6.9 inches or falls below 1.3 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall in September
Over the course of September in Gainesville, the length of the day is decreasing. From the start to the end of the month, the length of the day decreases by 51 minutes, implying an average daily decrease of 1 minute, 45 seconds, and weekly decrease of 12 minutes, 18 seconds.
The shortest day of the month is September 30, with 11 hours, 54 minutes of daylight and the longest day is September 1, with 12 hours, 44 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight in September
The earliest sunrise of the month in Gainesville is 7:06 AM on September 1 and the latest sunrise is 15 minutes later at 7:22 AM on September 30.
The latest sunset is 7:51 PM on September 1 and the earliest sunset is 35 minutes earlier at 7:15 PM on September 30.
Daylight saving time is observed in Gainesville during 2017, but it neither starts nor ends during September, so the entire month is in daylight saving time.
For reference, on June 21, the longest day of the year, the Sun rises at 6:29 AM and sets 14 hours, 3 minutes later, at 8:32 PM, while on December 21, the shortest day of the year, it rises at 7:20 AM and sets 10 hours, 15 minutes later, at 5:34 PM.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in September
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The chance that a given day will be muggy in Gainesville is very rapidly decreasing during September, falling from 96% to 71% over the course of the month.
For reference, on August 4, the muggiest day of the year, there are muggy conditions 99% of the time, while on January 24, the least muggy day of the year, there are muggy conditions 3% of the time.
Humidity Comfort Levels in September
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Gainesville is essentially constant during September, remaining within 0.2 miles per hour of 2.7 miles per hour throughout.
For reference, on March 9, the windiest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 3.5 miles per hour, while on July 23, the calmest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 2.3 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed in September
Wind Direction in September
Gainesville is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.
The average surface water temperature in Gainesville is gradually decreasing during September, falling by 3°F, from 85°F to 81°F, over the course of the month.
Average Water Temperature in September
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy in Gainesville is essentially constant during September, remaining within 0.1 kWh of 4.9 kWh throughout.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in September
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Gainesville are 29.652 deg latitude, -82.325 deg longitude, and 128 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Gainesville contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 128 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 142 feet. Within 10 miles also contains only modest variations in elevation (148 feet). Within 50 miles also contains only modest variations in elevation (285 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Gainesville is covered by artificial surfaces (78%) and trees (15%), within 10 miles by herbaceous vegetation (39%) and trees (36%), and within 50 miles by trees (45%) and cropland (22%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Gainesville year round, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 3 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Gainesville.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Gainesville according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Gainesville is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Gainesville and a given station.
The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Gainesville Regional Airport (94%, 7 kilometers, northeast); Ocala International Airport (3.9%, 55 kilometers, south); and Cross City Airport (2.4%, 76 kilometers, west).
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.