Average Weather in January in San Carlos Panama
Daily high temperatures increase by 2°F, from 86°F to 88°F, rarely falling below 83°F or exceeding 91°F.
Daily low temperatures are around 69°F, rarely falling below 66°F or exceeding 72°F. The lowest daily average low temperature is 69°F on January 21.
For reference, on March 17, the hottest day of the year, temperatures in San Carlos typically range from 71°F to 90°F, while on January 20, the coldest day of the year, they range from 69°F to 87°F.
Average High and Low Temperature in January
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the hourly average temperatures for the quarter of the year centered on January. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature in January
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
Ouésso, Congo - Brazzaville (6,794 miles away); Bogor, Indonesia (11,799 miles); and Sampagar, Philippines (10,256 miles) are the far-away foreign places with temperatures most similar to San Carlos (view comparison).
The month of January in San Carlos experiences gradually increasing cloud cover, with the percentage of time that the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy increasing from 43% to 47%. The lowest chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 43% on January 2.
The clearest day of the month is January 2, with clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy conditions 57% of the time.
For reference, on June 5, the cloudiest day of the year, the chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 95%, while on January 1, the clearest day of the year, the chance of clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy skies is 57%.
Cloud Cover Categories in January
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. In San Carlos, the chance of a wet day over the course of January is decreasing, starting the month at 13% and ending it at 8%.
For reference, the year's highest daily chance of a wet day is 50% on October 24, and its lowest chance is 7% on February 2.
Probability of Precipitation in January
To show variation within the month and not just the monthly total, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.
The average sliding 31-day rainfall during January in San Carlos is decreasing, starting the month at 1.8 inches, when it rarely exceeds 4.0 inches or falls below 0.2 inches, and ending the month at 0.9 inches, when it rarely exceeds 2.8 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall in January
Over the course of January in San Carlos, the length of the day is essentially constant. The shortest day of the month is January 1, with 11 hours, 38 minutes of daylight and the longest day is January 31, with 11 hours, 46 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight in January
The earliest sunrise of the month in San Carlos is 6:44 AM on January 1 and the latest sunrise is 6 minutes later at 6:50 AM on January 28.
The earliest sunset is 6:22 PM on January 1 and the latest sunset is 14 minutes later at 6:36 PM on January 31.
Daylight saving time is not observed in San Carlos during 2019.
For reference, on June 21, the longest day of the year, the Sun rises at 6:13 AM and sets 12 hours, 37 minutes later, at 6:50 PM, while on December 22, the shortest day of the year, it rises at 6:39 AM and sets 11 hours, 38 minutes later, at 6:17 PM.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in January
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The chance that a given day will be muggy in San Carlos is decreasing during January, falling from 95% to 89% over the course of the month.
For reference, on July 18, the muggiest day of the year, there are muggy conditions 100% of the time, while on February 27, the least muggy day of the year, there are muggy conditions 85% of the time.
Humidity Comfort Levels in January
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in San Carlos is gradually increasing during January, increasing from 4.3 miles per hour to 5.3 miles per hour over the course of the month.
For reference, on February 26, the windiest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 5.4 miles per hour, while on July 20, the calmest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 2.9 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed in January
Wind Direction in January
San Carlos is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.
The average surface water temperature in San Carlos is essentially constant during January, remaining around 84°F throughout.
Average Water Temperature in January
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
Temperatures in San Carlos are sufficiently warm year round that it is not entirely meaningful to discuss the growing season in these terms. We nevertheless include the chart below as an illustration of the distribution of temperatures experienced throughout the year.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in January
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
The average accumulated growing degree days in San Carlos are rapidly increasing during January, increasing by 835°F, from 1°F to 836°F, over the course of the month.
Growing Degree Days in January
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy in San Carlos is gradually increasing during January, rising by 0.7 kWh, from 5.6 kWh to 6.3 kWh, over the course of the month.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in January
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of San Carlos are 8.517 deg latitude, -82.509 deg longitude, and 722 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of San Carlos contains significant variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 781 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 736 feet. Within 10 miles contains significant variations in elevation (2,779 feet). Within 50 miles contains large variations in elevation (11,306 feet).
The area within 2 miles of San Carlos is covered by trees (58%), grassland (22%), and shrubs (15%), within 10 miles by grassland (41%) and trees (31%), and within 50 miles by water (40%) and trees (35%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in San Carlos year round, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There is only a single weather station, David Airport, in our network suitable to be used as a proxy for the historical temperature and dew point records of San Carlos.
At a distance of 16 kilometers from San Carlos, closer than our threshold of 150 kilometers, this station is deemed sufficiently nearby to be relied upon as our primary source for temperature and dew point records.
The station records are corrected for the elevation difference between the station and San Carlos according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
Please note that the station records themselves may additionally have been back-filled using other nearby stations or the MERRA-2 reanalysis.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.