Average Weather in May in Kailua-Kona Hawaii, United States
In Kailua-Kona, the month of May is characterized by essentially constant daily high temperatures, with daily highs around 84°F throughout the month, rarely exceeding 87°F or dropping below 81°F.
Daily low temperatures are around 73°F, rarely falling below 69°F or exceeding 76°F.
For reference, on August 21, the hottest day of the year, temperatures in Kailua-Kona typically range from 75°F to 87°F, while on January 20, the coldest day of the year, they range from 68°F to 81°F.
Average High and Low Temperature in May
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the hourly average temperatures for the quarter of the year centered on May. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature in May
The month of May in Kailua-Kona experiences gradually decreasing cloud cover, with the percentage of time that the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy decreasing from 43% to 38%.
The clearest day of the month is May 31, with clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy conditions 62% of the time.
For reference, on October 15, the cloudiest day of the year, the chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 52%, while on January 18, the clearest day of the year, the chance of clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy skies is 74%.
Cloud Cover Categories in May
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. In Kailua-Kona, the chance of a wet day over the course of May is decreasing, starting the month at 22% and ending it at 17%.
For reference, the year's highest daily chance of a wet day is 31% on March 15, and its lowest chance is 16% on September 10.
Probability of Precipitation in May
To show variation within the month and not just the monthly total, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.
The average sliding 31-day rainfall during May in Kailua-Kona is rapidly decreasing, starting the month at 3.0 inches, when it rarely exceeds 6.7 inches, and ending the month at 1.0 inches, when it rarely exceeds 2.6 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall in May
Over the course of May in Kailua-Kona, the length of the day is gradually increasing. From the start to the end of the month, the length of the day increases by 22 minutes, implying an average daily increase of 44 seconds, and weekly increase of 5 minutes, 8 seconds.
The shortest day of the month is May 1, with 12 hours, 52 minutes of daylight and the longest day is May 31, with 13 hours, 14 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight in May
The latest sunrise of the month in Kailua-Kona is 5:55 AM on May 1 and the earliest sunrise is 10 minutes earlier at 5:44 AM on May 31.
The earliest sunset is 6:47 PM on May 1 and the latest sunset is 12 minutes later at 6:58 PM on May 31.
Daylight saving time is not observed in Kailua-Kona during 2017.
For reference, on June 21, the longest day of the year, the Sun rises at 5:46 AM and sets 13 hours, 19 minutes later, at 7:05 PM, while on December 21, the shortest day of the year, it rises at 6:54 AM and sets 10 hours, 57 minutes later, at 5:50 PM.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in May
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The chance that a given day will be muggy in Kailua-Kona is very rapidly increasing during May, rising from 47% to 69% over the course of the month.
For reference, on August 8, the muggiest day of the year, there are muggy conditions 85% of the time, while on March 3, the least muggy day of the year, there are muggy conditions 27% of the time.
Humidity Comfort Levels in May
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Kailua-Kona is essentially constant during May, remaining within 0.2 miles per hour of 2.6 miles per hour throughout.
For reference, on December 5, the windiest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 3.7 miles per hour, while on September 18, the calmest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 2.3 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed in May
Wind Direction in May
Kailua-Kona is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.
The average surface water temperature in Kailua-Kona is essentially constant during May, remaining within 1°F of 77°F throughout.
Average Water Temperature in May
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy in Kailua-Kona is essentially constant during May, remaining within 0.1 kWh of 6.6 kWh throughout.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in May
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Kailua-Kona are 19.640 deg latitude, -155.999 deg longitude, and 36 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Kailua-Kona contains significant variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 791 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 140 feet. Within 10 miles contains significant variations in elevation (8,225 feet). Within 50 miles also contains extreme variations in elevation (13,819 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Kailua-Kona is covered by water (49%), artificial surfaces (21%), and shrubs (17%), within 10 miles by water (47%) and shrubs (21%), and within 50 miles by water (60%) and shrubs (14%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Kailua-Kona year round, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 2 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Kailua-Kona.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Kailua-Kona according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Kailua-Kona is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Kailua-Kona and a given station.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.