January Weather in Gatlinburg Tennessee, United States
Daily high temperatures are around 47°F, rarely falling below 34°F or exceeding 62°F. The lowest daily average high temperature is 47°F on January 13.
Daily low temperatures are around 29°F, rarely falling below 14°F or exceeding 46°F. The lowest daily average low temperature is 29°F on January 29.
For reference, on July 21, the hottest day of the year, temperatures in Gatlinburg typically range from 65°F to 84°F, while on January 29, the coldest day of the year, they range from 29°F to 47°F.
Average High and Low Temperature in January in Gatlinburg
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the hourly average temperatures for the quarter of the year centered on January. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature in January in Gatlinburg
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The month of January in Gatlinburg experiences essentially constant cloud cover, with the percentage of time that the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy remaining about 55% throughout the month. The highest chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 57% on January 3.
The clearest day of the month is January 28, with clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy conditions 46% of the time.
For reference, on January 3, the cloudiest day of the year, the chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 57%, while on September 21, the clearest day of the year, the chance of clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy skies is 66%.
Cloud Cover Categories in January in Gatlinburg
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. In Gatlinburg, the chance of a wet day over the course of January is essentially constant, remaining around 29% throughout.
For reference, the year's highest daily chance of a wet day is 48% on July 9, and its lowest chance is 23% on October 16.
Over the course of January in Gatlinburg, the chance of a day with only rain decreases from 26% to 23%, the chance of a day with mixed snow and rain remains an essentially constant 3% throughout, and the chance of a day with only snow remains an essentially constant 2% throughout.
Probability of Precipitation in January in Gatlinburg
To show variation within the month and not just the monthly total, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.
The average sliding 31-day rainfall during January in Gatlinburg is essentially constant, remaining about 3.8 inches throughout, and rarely exceeding 6.3 inches or falling below 1.5 inches.
The lowest average 31-day accumulation is 3.8 inches on January 28.
Average Monthly Rainfall in January in Gatlinburg
As with rainfall, we consider the snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.
The average sliding 31-day snowfall during January in Gatlinburg is gradually increasing, starting the month at 1.6 inches, when it rarely exceeds 4.1 inches or falls below -0.0 inches, and ending the month at 2.4 inches, when it rarely exceeds 7.1 inches or falls below -0.0 inches.
The highest average 31-day accumulation is 2.4 inches on January 30.
Average Monthly Snowfall in January in Gatlinburg
Over the course of January in Gatlinburg, the length of the day is increasing. From the start to the end of the month, the length of the day increases by 38 minutes, implying an average daily increase of 1 minute, 16 seconds, and weekly increase of 8 minutes, 53 seconds.
The shortest day of the month is January 1, with 9 hours, 48 minutes of daylight and the longest day is January 31, with 10 hours, 26 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight in January in Gatlinburg
The latest sunrise of the month in Gatlinburg is 7:44 AM on January 6 and the earliest sunrise is 10 minutes earlier at 7:34 AM on January 31.
The earliest sunset is 5:31 PM on January 1 and the latest sunset is 29 minutes later at 6:00 PM on January 31.
Daylight saving time is observed in Gatlinburg during 2022, but it neither starts nor ends during January, so the entire month is in standard time.
For reference, on June 21, the longest day of the year, the Sun rises at 6:18 AM and sets 14 hours, 35 minutes later, at 8:53 PM, while on December 21, the shortest day of the year, it rises at 7:40 AM and sets 9 hours, 44 minutes later, at 5:24 PM.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in January in Gatlinburg
The figure below presents a compact representation of the sun's elevation (the angle of the sun above the horizon) and azimuth (its compass bearing) for every hour of every day in the reporting period. The horizontal axis is the day of the year and the vertical axis is the hour of the day. For a given day and hour of that day, the background color indicates the azimuth of the sun at that moment. The black isolines are contours of constant solar elevation.
Solar Elevation and Azimuth in January in Gatlinburg
The figure below presents a compact representation of key lunar data for January 2022. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the colored areas indicate when the moon is above the horizon. The vertical gray bars (new Moons) and blue bars (full Moons) indicate key Moon phases. The label associated with each bar indicates the date and time that the phase is obtained, and the companion time labels indicate the rise and set times of the Moon for the nearest time interval in which the moon is above the horizon.
Moon Rise, Set & Phases in January in Gatlinburg
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The chance that a given day will be muggy in Gatlinburg is essentially constant during January, remaining around 0% throughout.
For reference, on July 25, the muggiest day of the year, there are muggy conditions 70% of the time, while on December 18, the least muggy day of the year, there are muggy conditions 0% of the time.
Humidity Comfort Levels in January in Gatlinburg
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Gatlinburg is essentially constant during January, remaining within 0.1 miles per hour of 5.6 miles per hour throughout.
For reference, on February 26, the windiest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 6.1 miles per hour, while on August 1, the calmest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 3.3 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed in January in Gatlinburg
The wind direction in Gatlinburg during January is predominantly out of the south from January 1 to January 8 and the west from January 8 to January 31.
Wind Direction in January in Gatlinburg
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
The growing season in Gatlinburg typically lasts for 6.5 months (198 days), from around April 10 to around October 26, rarely starting before March 23 or after April 30, and rarely ending before October 8 or after November 12.
The month of January in Gatlinburg is reliably fully outside of the growing season.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in January in Gatlinburg
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
The average accumulated growing degree days in Gatlinburg are essentially constant during January, remaining within 12°F of 13°F throughout.
Growing Degree Days in January in Gatlinburg
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy in Gatlinburg is gradually increasing during January, rising by 0.6 kWh, from 2.4 kWh to 3.0 kWh, over the course of the month.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in January in Gatlinburg
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Gatlinburg are 35.715 deg latitude, -83.512 deg longitude, and 1,270 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Gatlinburg contains very significant variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 1,430 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 1,720 feet. Within 10 miles contains very significant variations in elevation (5,650 feet). Within 50 miles also contains extreme variations in elevation (5,991 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Gatlinburg is covered by trees (93%), within 10 miles by trees (90%), and within 50 miles by trees (72%) and cropland (20%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Gatlinburg, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 6 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Gatlinburg.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Gatlinburg according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Gatlinburg is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Gatlinburg and a given station.
The stations contributing to this reconstruction are:
To get a sense of how much these sources agree with each other, you can view a comparison of Gatlinburg and the stations that contribute to our estimates of its temperature history and climate. Please note that each source's contribution is adjusted for elevation and the relative change present in the MERRA-2 data.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for airports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © OpenStreetMap contributors.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.
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