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  5. March

Average Weather in March in Atenas Costa Rica

The highest daily average high temperature is 89°F on March 28.

Daily low temperatures are around 70°F, rarely falling below 66°F or exceeding 73°F.

For reference, on March 24, the hottest day of the year, temperatures in Atenas typically range from 70°F to 89°F, while on October 1, the coldest day of the year, they range from 68°F to 82°F.

Average High and Low Temperature in March

The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the hourly average temperatures for the quarter of the year centered on March. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature in March

Average Hourly Temperature in March in Atenas18152229112233445566778899101011111212131314141515161617171818191920202121222223232424252526262727282829293030313112 AM4 AM8 AM12 PM4 PM8 PM12 AMFebAprcomfortablecomfortablewarmwarmhot
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < very cold < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Ayene, Equatorial Guinea (6,548 miles away); Boyolali, Indonesia (11,413 miles); and Malasila, Philippines (10,105 miles) are the far-away foreign places with temperatures most similar to Atenas (view comparison).

Clouds

The month of March in Atenas experiences rapidly increasing cloud cover, with the percentage of time that the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy increasing from 45% to 58%.

The clearest day of the month is March 1, with clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy conditions 55% of the time.

For reference, on June 5, the cloudiest day of the year, the chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 94%, while on January 1, the clearest day of the year, the chance of clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy skies is 65%.

Cloud Cover Categories in March

Cloud Cover Categories in March in Atenas1815222911223344556677889910101111121213131414151516161717181819192020212122222323242425252626272728282929303031310%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%FebAprMar 155%Mar 155%Mar 3142%Mar 3142%Mar 1153%Mar 1153%Mar 2150%Mar 2150%clearmostly clearpartly cloudymostly cloudyovercast
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds: clear < 20% < mostly clear < 40% < partly cloudy < 60% < mostly cloudy < 80% < overcast.

Precipitation

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. In Atenas, the chance of a wet day over the course of March is gradually increasing, starting the month at 5% and ending it at 8%.

For reference, the year's highest daily chance of a wet day is 50% on October 7, and its lowest chance is 4% on January 26.

Probability of Precipitation in March

The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the month and not just the monthly total, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.

The average sliding 31-day rainfall during March in Atenas is gradually increasing, starting the month at 0.4 inches, when it rarely exceeds 1.3 inches or falls below -0.0 inches, and ending the month at 0.7 inches, when it rarely exceeds 1.6 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall in March

The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Sun

Over the course of March in Atenas, the length of the day is gradually increasing. From the start to the end of the month, the length of the day increases by 17 minutes, implying an average daily increase of 33 seconds, and weekly increase of 3 minutes, 51 seconds.

The shortest day of the month is March 1, with 11 hours, 56 minutes of daylight and the longest day is March 31, with 12 hours, 13 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight in March

Hours of Daylight and Twilight in March in Atenas1815222911223344556677889910101111121213131414151516161717181819192020212122222323242425252626272728282929303031310 hr24 hr4 hr20 hr8 hr16 hr12 hr12 hr16 hr8 hr20 hr4 hr24 hr0 hrFebAprMar 2012 hr, 6 minMar 2012 hr, 6 minnightnightdaydayMar 111 hr, 56 minMar 111 hr, 56 min
The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The latest sunrise of the month in Atenas is 5:51 AM on March 1 and the earliest sunrise is 16 minutes earlier at 5:35 AM on March 31.

The earliest sunset is 5:48 PM on March 1 and the latest sunset is 23 seconds later at 5:48 PM on March 14.

Daylight saving time is not observed in Atenas during 2017.

For reference, on June 21, the longest day of the year, the Sun rises at 5:18 AM and sets 12 hours, 43 minutes later, at 6:00 PM, while on December 21, the shortest day of the year, it rises at 5:49 AM and sets 11 hours, 33 minutes later, at 5:22 PM.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in March

The solar day over the course of March. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

The chance that a given day will be muggy in Atenas is increasing during March, rising from 10% to 20% over the course of the month.

For reference, on June 4, the muggiest day of the year, there are muggy conditions 86% of the time, while on February 2, the least muggy day of the year, there are muggy conditions 7% of the time.

Humidity Comfort Levels in March

Humidity Comfort Levels in March in Atenas1815222911223344556677889910101111121213131414151516161717181819192020212122222323242425252626272728282929303031310%10%20%30%40%50%60%70%80%90%100%FebAprMar 110%Mar 110%Mar 3120%Mar 3120%Mar 1113%Mar 1113%Mar 2115%Mar 2115%muggymuggyhumidhumidcomfortablecomfortabledrydryoppressiveoppressive
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point: dry < 55°F < comfortable < 60°F < humid < 65°F < muggy < 70°F < oppressive < 75°F < miserable.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed in Atenas is gradually decreasing during March, decreasing from 4.1 miles per hour to 3.4 miles per hour over the course of the month.

For reference, on February 25, the windiest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 4.2 miles per hour, while on June 16, the calmest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 2.4 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed in March

The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.
The hourly average wind direction in Atenas throughout March is predominantly from the east, with a peak proportion of 57% on March 1.

Wind Direction in March

Wind Direction in March in Atenas1815222911223344556677889910101111121213131414151516161717181819192020212122222323242425252626272728282929303031310%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%FebApreastnorthwest
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions (north, east, south, and west), excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Water Temperature

Atenas is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.

The average surface water temperature in Atenas is essentially constant during March, remaining around 84°F throughout.

Average Water Temperature in March

The daily average water temperature (purple line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Growing Season

Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

Temperatures in Atenas are sufficiently warm year round that it is not entirely meaningful to discuss the growing season in these terms. We nevertheless include the chart below as an illustration of the distribution of temperatures experienced throughout the year.

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in March

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in March in Atenas1815222911223344556677889910101111121213131414151516161717181819192020212122222323242425252626272728282929303031310%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%FebApr100%Mar 16100%Mar 16comfortablewarmhot
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < very cold < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.

Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.

The average accumulated growing degree days in Atenas are rapidly increasing during March, increasing by 812°F, from 1,543°F to 2,354°F, over the course of the month.

Growing Degree Days in March

The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of March, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy in Atenas is essentially constant during March, remaining within 0.1 kWh of 6.8 kWh throughout.

The highest average daily incident shortwave solar energy during March is 6.9 kWh on March 21.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in March

The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Atenas are 9.975 deg latitude, -84.379 deg longitude, and 2,195 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Atenas contains very significant variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 1,667 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 2,226 feet. Within 10 miles contains very significant variations in elevation (4,764 feet). Within 50 miles also contains extreme variations in elevation (11,283 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Atenas is covered by grassland (57%) and trees (34%), within 10 miles by grassland (45%) and trees (35%), and within 50 miles by trees (43%) and water (24%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather in Atenas year round, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

There is only a single weather station, Juan Santamaría International Airport, in our network suitable to be used as a proxy for the historical temperature and dew point records of Atenas.

At a distance of 19 kilometers from Atenas, closer than our threshold of 150 kilometers, this station is deemed sufficiently nearby to be relied upon as our primary source for temperature and dew point records.

The station records are corrected for the elevation difference between the station and Atenas according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.

Please note that the station records themselves may additionally have been back-filled using other nearby stations or the MERRA-2 reanalysis.

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.