Average Weather in May in Sparta Michigan, United States
In Sparta, the month of May is characterized by rapidly rising daily high temperatures, with daily highs increasing by 10°F, from 65°F to 75°F over the course of the month, and rarely exceeding 86°F or dropping below 52°F.
Daily low temperatures increase by 10°F, from 43°F to 53°F, rarely falling below 32°F or exceeding 65°F.
For reference, on July 19, the hottest day of the year, temperatures in Sparta typically range from 62°F to 82°F, while on January 29, the coldest day of the year, they range from 17°F to 29°F.
Average High and Low Temperature in May
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the hourly average temperatures for the quarter of the year centered on May. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature in May
The month of May in Sparta experiences gradually decreasing cloud cover, with the percentage of time that the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy decreasing from 52% to 47%.
The clearest day of the month is May 31, with clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy conditions 53% of the time.
For reference, on January 26, the cloudiest day of the year, the chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 70%, while on August 7, the clearest day of the year, the chance of clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy skies is 67%.
Cloud Cover in May
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. In Sparta, the chance of a wet day over the course of May is gradually increasing, starting the month at 28% and ending it at 31%.
For reference, the year's highest daily chance of a wet day is 33% on September 21, and its lowest chance is 17% on February 4.
Probability of Precipitation in May
To show variation within the month and not just the monthly total, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.
The average sliding 31-day rainfall during May in Sparta is essentially constant, remaining about 3.0 inches throughout, and rarely exceeding 5.3 inches or falling below 1.2 inches.
The highest average 31-day accumulation is 3.0 inches on May 30.
Average Monthly Rainfall in May
Over the course of May in Sparta, the length of the day is rapidly increasing. From the start to the end of the month, the length of the day increases by 1 hour, 0 minutes, implying an average daily increase of 2 minutes, 1 second, and weekly increase of 14 minutes, 5 seconds.
The shortest day of the month is May 1, with 14 hours, 9 minutes of daylight and the longest day is May 31, with 15 hours, 9 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight in May
The latest sunrise of the month in Sparta is 6:35 AM on May 1 and the earliest sunrise is 30 minutes earlier at 6:06 AM on May 31.
The earliest sunset is 8:44 PM on May 1 and the latest sunset is 31 minutes later at 9:15 PM on May 31.
Daylight saving time is observed in Sparta during 2017, but it neither starts nor ends during May, so the entire month is in daylight saving time.
For reference, on June 21, the longest day of the year, the Sun rises at 6:03 AM and sets 15 hours, 23 minutes later, at 9:26 PM, while on December 21, the shortest day of the year, it rises at 8:11 AM and sets 8 hours, 59 minutes later, at 5:10 PM.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in May
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The chance that a given day will be muggy in Sparta is increasing during May, rising from 1% to 9% over the course of the month.
For reference, on July 28, the muggiest day of the year, there are muggy conditions 34% of the time, while on January 1, the least muggy day of the year, there are muggy conditions 0% of the time.
Humidity Comfort Levels in May
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Sparta is gradually decreasing during May, decreasing from 5.9 miles per hour to 5.1 miles per hour over the course of the month.
For reference, on January 12, the windiest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 6.8 miles per hour, while on August 3, the calmest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 4.3 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed in May
Wind Direction in May
Sparta is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.
The average surface water temperature in Sparta is increasing during May, rising by 7°F, from 40°F to 47°F, over the course of the month.
Average Water Temperature in May
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy in Sparta is gradually increasing during May, rising by 0.9 kWh, from 5.8 kWh to 6.7 kWh, over the course of the month.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in May
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Sparta are 43.161 deg latitude, -85.710 deg longitude, and 781 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Sparta contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 161 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 773 feet. Within 10 miles also contains only modest variations in elevation (459 feet). Within 50 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (784 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Sparta is covered by cropland (54%), artificial surfaces (22%), and trees (21%), within 10 miles by cropland (62%) and trees (24%), and within 50 miles by cropland (42%) and trees (33%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Sparta year round, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 5 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Sparta.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Sparta according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Sparta is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Sparta and a given station.
The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Gerald R. Ford International Airport (30%, 34 kilometers, southeast); Fremont Municipal Airport (26%, 38 kilometers, northwest); Muskegon County Airport (22%, 43 kilometers, west); West Michigan Regional Airport (15%, 56 kilometers, southwest); and Gratiot Community Airport (8%, 85 kilometers, east).
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.