Daily low temperatures decrease by 9°F, from 46°F to 38°F, rarely falling below 27°F or exceeding 58°F.
For reference, on July 19, the hottest day of the year, temperatures in Ionia typically range from 62°F to 81°F, while on January 29, the coldest day of the year, they range from 17°F to 30°F.
Average High and Low Temperature in October
The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the hourly average temperatures for the quarter of the year centered on October. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature in October
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < very cold < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.
The month of October in Ionia experiences increasing cloud cover, with the percentage of time that the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy increasing from 39% to 50%.
The clearest day of the month is October 1, with clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy conditions 61% of the time.
For reference, on January 5, the cloudiest day of the year, the chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 68%, while on August 10, the clearest day of the year, the chance of clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy skies is 67%.
Cloud Cover Categories in October
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds: clear < 20% < mostly clear < 40% < partly cloudy < 60% < mostly cloudy < 80% < overcast.
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. In Ionia, the chance of a wet day over the course of October is gradually decreasing, starting the month at 30% and ending it at 26%.
For reference, the year's highest daily chance of a wet day is 34% on August 5, and its lowest chance is 17% on February 4.
Probability of Precipitation in October
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).
To show variation within the month and not just the monthly total, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.
The average sliding 31-day rainfall during October in Ionia is decreasing, starting the month at 3.1 inches, when it rarely exceeds 5.5 inches or falls below 1.2 inches, and ending the month at 2.5 inches, when it rarely exceeds 4.4 inches or falls below 0.9 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall in October
The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.
Over the course of October in Ionia, the length of the day is rapidly decreasing. From the start to the end of the month, the length of the day decreases by 1 hour, 24 minutes, implying an average daily decrease of 2 minutes, 47 seconds, and weekly decrease of 19 minutes, 31 seconds.
The shortest day of the month is October 31, with 10 hours, 19 minutes of daylight and the longest day is October 1, with 11 hours, 43 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight in October
The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.
The earliest sunrise of the month in Ionia is 7:37 AM on October 1 and the latest sunrise is 36 minutes later at 8:13 AM on October 31.
The latest sunset is 7:21 PM on October 1 and the earliest sunset is 48 minutes earlier at 6:33 PM on October 31.
Daylight saving time is observed in Ionia during 2017, but it neither starts nor ends during October, so the entire month is in daylight saving time.
For reference, on June 21, the longest day of the year, the Sun rises at 6:01 AM and sets 15 hours, 22 minutes later, at 9:23 PM, while on December 21, the shortest day of the year, it rises at 8:08 AM and sets 9 hours, 0 minutes later, at 5:08 PM.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time in October
The solar day over the course of October. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray.
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The chance that a given day will be muggy in Ionia is gradually decreasing during October, falling from 3% to 0% over the course of the month.
For reference, on July 28, the muggiest day of the year, there are muggy conditions 35% of the time, while on November 16, the least muggy day of the year, there are muggy conditions 0% of the time.
Humidity Comfort Levels in October
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point: dry < 55°F < comfortable < 60°F < humid < 65°F < muggy < 70°F < oppressive < 75°F < miserable.
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Ionia is increasing during October, increasing from 9.8 miles per hour to 11.0 miles per hour over the course of the month.
For reference, on January 12, the windiest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 12.4 miles per hour, while on August 3, the calmest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 7.7 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed in October
The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.
The hourly average wind direction in Ionia throughout October is predominantly from the west, with a peak proportion of 37% on October 28.
Wind Direction in October
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions (north, east, south, and west), excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).
Ionia is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.
The average surface water temperature in Ionia is rapidly decreasing during October, falling by 9°F, from 62°F to 53°F, over the course of the month.
Average Water Temperature in October
The daily average water temperature (purple line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
The growing season in Ionia typically lasts for 5.4 months (164 days), from around May 1 to around October 12, rarely starting before April 13 or after May 20, and rarely ending before September 24 or after October 29.
During October in Ionia, the chance that a given day is within the growing season is very rapidly decreasingfalling from 79% to 8% over the course of the month.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in October
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < very cold < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
The average accumulated growing degree days in Ionia are gradually increasing during October, increasing by 133°F, from 2,529°F to 2,662°F, over the course of the month.
Growing Degree Days in October
The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of October, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy in Ionia is decreasing during October, falling by 1.5 kWh, from 4.1 kWh to 2.6 kWh, over the course of the month.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in October
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Ionia are 42.987 deg latitude, -85.071 deg longitude, and 784 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Ionia contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 226 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 738 feet. Within 10 miles also contains only modest variations in elevation (266 feet). Within 50 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (673 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Ionia is covered by cropland (52%), artificial surfaces (30%), and trees (17%), within 10 miles by cropland (77%) and trees (18%), and within 50 miles by cropland (66%) and trees (23%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Ionia year round, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 5 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Ionia.
The estimated value at Ionia is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Ionia and a given station.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.