Average Weather in July in Rome City Indiana, United States
Daily high temperatures are around 82°F, rarely falling below 74°F or exceeding 90°F. The highest daily average high temperature is 83°F on July 19.
Daily low temperatures are around 63°F, rarely falling below 53°F or exceeding 71°F. The highest daily average low temperature is 63°F on July 20.
For reference, on July 19, the hottest day of the year, temperatures in Rome City typically range from 63°F to 83°F, while on January 29, the coldest day of the year, they range from 18°F to 31°F.
Average High and Low Temperature in July
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the hourly average temperatures for the quarter of the year centered on July. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature in July
Rozdil’na, Ukraine (5,170 miles away); Staropavlovskaya, Russia (5,752 miles); and Soleh Bon, Iran (6,479 miles) are the far-away foreign places with temperatures most similar to Rome City (view comparison).
The month of July in Rome City experiences gradually decreasing cloud cover, with the percentage of time that the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy decreasing from 39% to 33%.
The clearest day of the month is July 29, with clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy conditions 67% of the time.
For reference, on January 26, the cloudiest day of the year, the chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 65%, while on August 23, the clearest day of the year, the chance of clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy skies is 68%.
Cloud Cover Categories in July
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. In Rome City, the chance of a wet day over the course of July is essentially constant, remaining around 35% throughout.
For reference, the year's highest daily chance of a wet day is 37% on June 15, and its lowest chance is 17% on February 4.
Probability of Precipitation in July
To show variation within the month and not just the monthly total, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.
The average sliding 31-day rainfall during July in Rome City is essentially constant, remaining about 3.2 inches throughout, and rarely exceeding 5.3 inches or falling below 1.5 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall in July
Over the course of July in Rome City, the length of the day is decreasing. From the start to the end of the month, the length of the day decreases by 43 minutes, implying an average daily decrease of 1 minute, 26 seconds, and weekly decrease of 10 minutes, 3 seconds.
The shortest day of the month is July 31, with 14 hours, 25 minutes of daylight and the longest day is July 1, with 15 hours, 8 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight in July
The earliest sunrise of the month in Rome City is 6:11 AM on July 1 and the latest sunrise is 24 minutes later at 6:35 AM on July 31.
The latest sunset is 9:19 PM on July 1 and the earliest sunset is 19 minutes earlier at 8:59 PM on July 31.
Daylight saving time is observed in Rome City during 2018, but it neither starts nor ends during July, so the entire month is in daylight saving time.
For reference, on June 21, the longest day of the year, the Sun rises at 6:07 AM and sets 15 hours, 11 minutes later, at 9:18 PM, while on December 21, the shortest day of the year, it rises at 8:04 AM and sets 9 hours, 10 minutes later, at 5:14 PM.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in July
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The chance that a given day will be muggy in Rome City is increasing during July, rising from 29% to 38% over the course of the month.
The highest chance of a muggy day during July is 39% on July 26.
For reference, on July 26, the muggiest day of the year, there are muggy conditions 39% of the time, while on November 16, the least muggy day of the year, there are muggy conditions 0% of the time.
Humidity Comfort Levels in July
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Rome City is gradually decreasing during July, decreasing from 8.4 miles per hour to 7.5 miles per hour over the course of the month.
For reference, on January 15, the windiest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 12.7 miles per hour, while on August 4, the calmest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 7.5 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed in July
Wind Direction in July
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
The growing season in Rome City typically lasts for 5.8 months (177 days), from around April 22 to around October 16, rarely starting before April 6 or after May 9, and rarely ending before September 28 or after November 2.
The month of July in Rome City is reliably fully within the growing season.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in July
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
The average accumulated growing degree days in Rome City are rapidly increasing during July, increasing by 662°F, from 1,095°F to 1,757°F, over the course of the month.
Growing Degree Days in July
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy in Rome City is essentially constant during July, remaining within 0.2 kWh of 6.7 kWh throughout.
The highest average daily incident shortwave solar energy during July is 7.0 kWh on July 1.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in July
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Rome City are 41.496 deg latitude, -85.377 deg longitude, and 925 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Rome City contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 102 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 925 feet. Within 10 miles also contains only modest variations in elevation (203 feet). Within 50 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (610 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Rome City is covered by cropland (74%), trees (11%), and water (10%), within 10 miles by cropland (86%), and within 50 miles by cropland (85%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Rome City year round, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 3 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Rome City.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Rome City according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Rome City is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Rome City and a given station.
The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Smith Field (35%, 34 kilometers, southeast); Goshen Municipal Airport (34%, 34 kilometers, west); and Kirsch Municipal Airport (31%, 36 kilometers, north).
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.