Average Weather in December in Edinburgh Indiana, United States
In Edinburgh, the month of December is characterized by falling daily high temperatures, with daily highs decreasing by 8°F, from 46°F to 38°F over the course of the month, and rarely exceeding 61°F or dropping below 24°F.
Daily low temperatures decrease by 7°F, from 32°F to 25°F, rarely falling below 8°F or exceeding 46°F.
For reference, on July 20, the hottest day of the year, temperatures in Edinburgh typically range from 67°F to 85°F, while on January 29, the coldest day of the year, they range from 23°F to 37°F.
Average High and Low Temperature in December
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the hourly average temperatures for the quarter of the year centered on December. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature in December
The month of December in Edinburgh experiences gradually increasing cloud cover, with the percentage of time that the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy increasing from 54% to 59%. The highest chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 59% on December 25.
The clearest day of the month is December 2, with clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy conditions 46% of the time.
For reference, on December 25, the cloudiest day of the year, the chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 59%, while on August 23, the clearest day of the year, the chance of clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy skies is 70%.
Cloud Cover Categories in December
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. In Edinburgh, the chance of a wet day over the course of December is gradually decreasing, starting the month at 27% and ending it at 23%.
For reference, the year's highest daily chance of a wet day is 42% on June 26, and its lowest chance is 20% on January 29.
Over the course of December in Edinburgh, the chance of a day with only rain decreases from 24% to 17%, the chance of a day with mixed snow and rain increases from 2% to 4%, and the chance of a day with only snow remains an essentially constant 2% throughout.
Probability of Precipitation in December
To show variation within the month and not just the monthly total, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.
The average sliding 31-day rainfall during December in Edinburgh is decreasing, starting the month at 3.1 inches, when it rarely exceeds 5.2 inches or falls below 1.3 inches, and ending the month at 2.5 inches, when it rarely exceeds 4.8 inches or falls below 0.5 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall in December
We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. As with rainfall, we consider the liquid-equivalent snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.
The average sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall during December in Edinburgh is essentially constant, remaining about 0.2 inches throughout, and rarely exceeding 1.0 inches or falling below -0.0 inches.
Average Monthly Liquid-Equivalent Snowfall in December
Over the course of December in Edinburgh, the length of the day is essentially constant. The shortest day of the month is December 21, with 9 hours, 24 minutes of daylight and the longest day is December 1, with 9 hours, 36 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight in December
The earliest sunrise of the month in Edinburgh is 7:44 AM on December 1 and the latest sunrise is 19 minutes later at 8:03 AM on December 31.
The earliest sunset is 5:20 PM on December 7 and the latest sunset is 10 minutes later at 5:30 PM on December 31.
Daylight saving time is observed in Edinburgh during 2017, but it neither starts nor ends during December, so the entire month is in standard time.
For reference, on June 21, the longest day of the year, the Sun rises at 6:17 AM and sets 14 hours, 57 minutes later, at 9:14 PM, while on December 21, the shortest day of the year, it rises at 8:00 AM and sets 9 hours, 24 minutes later, at 5:23 PM.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time in December
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The chance that a given day will be muggy in Edinburgh is essentially constant during December, remaining around 0% throughout.
For reference, on July 23, the muggiest day of the year, there are muggy conditions 57% of the time, while on January 1, the least muggy day of the year, there are muggy conditions 0% of the time.
Humidity Comfort Levels in December
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Edinburgh is gradually increasing during December, increasing from 9.4 miles per hour to 9.9 miles per hour over the course of the month.
For reference, on April 1, the windiest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 10.3 miles per hour, while on July 31, the calmest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 5.8 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed in December
Wind Direction in December
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
The growing season in Edinburgh typically lasts for 6.4 months (195 days), from around April 12 to around October 24, rarely starting before March 26 or after April 28, and rarely ending before October 7 or after November 10.
The month of December in Edinburgh is reliably fully outside of the growing season.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in December
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
The average accumulated growing degree days in Edinburgh is essentially constant during December, remaining within 9°F of 3,800°F throughout.
Growing Degree Days in December
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy in Edinburgh is essentially constant during December, remaining within 0.1 kWh of 1.9 kWh throughout.
The lowest average daily incident shortwave solar energy during December is 1.8 kWh on December 18.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in December
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Edinburgh are 39.354 deg latitude, -85.967 deg longitude, and 669 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Edinburgh contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 108 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 667 feet. Within 10 miles also contains only modest variations in elevation (430 feet). Within 50 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (840 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Edinburgh is covered by cropland (67%), trees (16%), and artificial surfaces (15%), within 10 miles by cropland (70%) and trees (26%), and within 50 miles by cropland (59%) and trees (33%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Edinburgh year round, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 4 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Edinburgh.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Edinburgh according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Edinburgh is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Edinburgh and a given station.
The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Columbus Bakalar Municipal Airport (70%, 11 kilometers, southeast); Shelbyville Municipal Airport (17%, 29 kilometers, northeast); Indianapolis International Airport (8%, 49 kilometers, northwest); and Monroe County Airport (5%, 61 kilometers, southwest).
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.