Average Weather in January in Munford Alabama, United States
In Munford, the month of January is characterized by essentially constant daily high temperatures, with daily highs around 55°F throughout the month, rarely exceeding 68°F or dropping below 40°F. The lowest daily average high temperature is 54°F on January 8.
Daily low temperatures are around 36°F, rarely falling below 21°F or exceeding 52°F. The lowest daily average low temperature is 35°F on January 24.
For reference, on July 22, the hottest day of the year, temperatures in Munford typically range from 71°F to 90°F, while on January 24, the coldest day of the year, they range from 35°F to 54°F.
Average High and Low Temperature in January
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the hourly average temperatures for the quarter of the year centered on January. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature in January
The month of January in Munford experiences essentially constant cloud cover, with the percentage of time that the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy remaining about 53% throughout the month. The highest chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 55% on January 5.
The clearest day of the month is January 29, with clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy conditions 48% of the time.
For reference, on January 4, the cloudiest day of the year, the chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 55%, while on October 13, the clearest day of the year, the chance of clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy skies is 67%.
Cloud Cover in January
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. In Munford, the chance of a wet day over the course of January is essentially constant, remaining around 31% throughout.
For reference, the year's highest daily chance of a wet day is 44% on July 9, and its lowest chance is 20% on October 15.
Over the course of January in Munford, the chance of a day with only rain remains an essentially constant 29% throughout, the chance of a day with mixed snow and rain remains an essentially constant 1% throughout, and the chance of a day with only snow remains an essentially constant 0% throughout.
Probability of Precipitation in January
To show variation within the month and not just the monthly total, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.
The average sliding 31-day rainfall during January in Munford is gradually increasing, starting the month at 4.2 inches, when it rarely exceeds 7.3 inches or falls below 1.8 inches, and ending the month at 4.7 inches, when it rarely exceeds 7.2 inches or falls below 2.3 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall in January
Over the course of January in Munford, the length of the day is increasing. From the start to the end of the month, the length of the day increases by 35 minutes, implying an average daily increase of 1 minute, 10 seconds, and weekly increase of 8 minutes, 12 seconds.
The shortest day of the month is January 1, with 9 hours, 59 minutes of daylight and the longest day is January 31, with 10 hours, 34 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight in January
The latest sunrise of the month in Munford is 6:48 AM on January 7 and the earliest sunrise is 8 minutes earlier at 6:40 AM on January 31.
The earliest sunset is 4:47 PM on January 1 and the latest sunset is 27 minutes later at 5:14 PM on January 31.
Daylight saving time is observed in Munford during 2017, but it neither starts nor ends during January, so the entire month is in standard time.
For reference, on June 21, the longest day of the year, the Sun rises at 5:34 AM and sets 14 hours, 23 minutes later, at 7:57 PM, while on December 21, the shortest day of the year, it rises at 6:44 AM and sets 9 hours, 56 minutes later, at 4:39 PM.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in January
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The chance that a given day will be muggy in Munford is essentially constant during January, remaining around 0% throughout.
For reference, on July 24, the muggiest day of the year, there are muggy conditions 92% of the time, while on January 23, the least muggy day of the year, there are muggy conditions 0% of the time.
Humidity Comfort Levels in January
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Munford is essentially constant during January, remaining within 0.1 miles per hour of 2.6 miles per hour throughout.
For reference, on February 26, the windiest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 2.8 miles per hour, while on August 4, the calmest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 1.7 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed in January
Wind Direction in January
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy in Munford is gradually increasing during January, rising by 0.6 kWh, from 2.6 kWh to 3.2 kWh, over the course of the month.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in January
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Munford are 33.530 deg latitude, -85.951 deg longitude, and 617 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Munford contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 249 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 631 feet. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (1,926 feet). Within 50 miles contains very significant variations in elevation (2,057 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Munford is covered by cropland (48%) and trees (48%), within 10 miles by trees (67%) and cropland (26%), and within 50 miles by trees (73%) and cropland (18%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Munford year round, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 3 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Munford.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Munford according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Munford is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Munford and a given station.
The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Anniston Metropolitan Airport (89%, 11 kilometers, northeast); Thomas C Russell Field (6%, 68 kilometers, south); and Birmingham–Shuttlesworth International Airport (5%, 74 kilometers, west).
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.