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October Weather in New Caledonia New Caledonia

Daily high temperatures increase by 3°F, from 80°F to 83°F, rarely falling below 75°F or exceeding 89°F.

Daily low temperatures increase by 4°F, from 62°F to 65°F, rarely falling below 57°F or exceeding 70°F.

For reference, on January 30, the hottest day of the year, temperatures in New Caledonia typically range from 72°F to 88°F, while on July 31, the coldest day of the year, they range from 59°F to 75°F.

Average High and Low Temperature in October in New Caledonia

The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the hourly average temperatures for the quarter of the year centered on October. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature in October in New Caledonia

Average Hourly Temperature in October in New CaledoniaOct112233445566778899101011111212131314141515161617171818191920202121222223232424252526262727282829293030313112 AM12 AM2 AM2 AM4 AM4 AM6 AM6 AM8 AM8 AM10 AM10 AM12 PM12 PM2 PM2 PM4 PM4 PM6 PM6 PM8 PM8 PM10 PM10 PM12 AM12 AMSepNovcoolcomfortablecomfortablewarmcool
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.
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The month of October in New Caledonia experiences increasing cloud cover, with the percentage of time that the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy increasing from 24% to 34%.

The clearest day of the month is October 1, with clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy conditions 76% of the time.

For reference, on February 27, the cloudiest day of the year, the chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 61%, while on September 12, the clearest day of the year, the chance of clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy skies is 78%.

Cloud Cover Categories in October in New Caledonia

Cloud Cover Categories in October in New CaledoniaOct11223344556677889910101111121213131414151516161717181819192020212122222323242425252626272728282929303031310%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%SepNovOct 176%Oct 176%Oct 3166%Oct 3166%Oct 1171%Oct 1171%Oct 2170%Oct 2170%clearmostly clearpartly cloudymostly cloudyovercast
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds.

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. In New Caledonia, the chance of a wet day over the course of October is gradually increasing, starting the month at 10% and ending it at 14%.

For reference, the year's highest daily chance of a wet day is 36% on February 28, and its lowest chance is 10% on October 6.

Probability of Precipitation in October in New Caledonia

Probability of Precipitation in October in New CaledoniaOct11223344556677889910101111121213131414151516161717181819192020212122222323242425252626272728282929303031310%0%2%2%4%4%6%6%8%8%10%10%12%12%14%14%16%16%18%18%20%20%SepNovOct 610%Oct 610%Oct 3114%Oct 3114%Oct 2111%Oct 2111%rain
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the month and not just the monthly total, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.

The average sliding 31-day rainfall during October in New Caledonia is increasing, starting the month at 1.0 inches, when it rarely exceeds 2.5 inches or falls below 0.1 inches, and ending the month at 1.7 inches, when it rarely exceeds 4.3 inches or falls below 0.1 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall in October in New Caledonia

The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average snowfall.

Over the course of October in New Caledonia, the length of the day is increasing. From the start to the end of the month, the length of the day increases by 36 minutes, implying an average daily increase of 1 minute, 11 seconds, and weekly increase of 8 minutes, 20 seconds.

The shortest day of the month is October 1, with 12 hours, 17 minutes of daylight and the longest day is October 31, with 12 hours, 53 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight in October in New Caledonia

The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The latest sunrise of the month in New Caledonia is 5:39 AM on October 1 and the earliest sunrise is 24 minutes earlier at 5:15 AM on October 31.

The earliest sunset is 5:56 PM on October 1 and the latest sunset is 12 minutes later at 6:08 PM on October 31.

Daylight saving time is not observed in New Caledonia during 2024.

For reference, on December 21, the longest day of the year, the Sun rises at 5:12 AM and sets 13 hours, 27 minutes later, at 6:39 PM, while on June 20, the shortest day of the year, it rises at 6:34 AM and sets 10 hours, 49 minutes later, at 5:24 PM.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in October in New Caledonia

The solar day over the course of October. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray.

The figure below presents a compact representation of the sun's elevation (the angle of the sun above the horizon) and azimuth (its compass bearing) for every hour of every day in the reporting period. The horizontal axis is the day of the year and the vertical axis is the hour of the day. For a given day and hour of that day, the background color indicates the azimuth of the sun at that moment. The black isolines are contours of constant solar elevation.

Solar Elevation and Azimuth in October in New Caledonia

Solar Elevation and Azimuth in October in New CaledoniaOct112233445566778899101011111212131314141515161617171818191920202121222223232424252526262727282829293030313112 AM12 AM2 AM2 AM4 AM4 AM6 AM6 AM8 AM8 AM10 AM10 AM12 PM12 PM2 PM2 PM4 PM4 PM6 PM6 PM8 PM8 PM10 PM10 PM12 AM12 AMSepNov00101020202030304040505050606070800001010202030303040405050606060707080
northeastsouthwest
Solar elevation and azimuth over the course of October 2024. The black lines are lines of constant solar elevation (the angle of the sun above the horizon, in degrees). The background color fills indicate the azimuth (the compass bearing) of the sun. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries of the cardinal compass points indicate the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

The figure below presents a compact representation of key lunar data for October 2024. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the colored areas indicate when the moon is above the horizon. The vertical gray bars (new Moons) and blue bars (full Moons) indicate key Moon phases. The label associated with each bar indicates the date and time that the phase is obtained, and the companion time labels indicate the rise and set times of the Moon for the nearest time interval in which the moon is above the horizon.

Moon Rise, Set & Phases in October in New Caledonia

Moon Rise, Set & Phases in October in New CaledoniaOct112233445566778899101011111212131314141515161617171818191920202121222223232424252526262727282829293030313112 AM12 AM4 AM4 AM8 AM8 AM12 PM12 PM4 PM4 PM8 PM8 PM12 AM12 AMSepNovSep 312:56 PMSep 312:56 PMSep 181:35 PMSep 181:35 PMOct 35:50 AMOct 35:50 AMOct 1710:27 PMOct 1710:27 PMNov 111:48 PMNov 111:48 PMNov 168:29 AMNov 168:29 AM6:07 AM6:07 AM5:55 PM5:55 PM6:00 PM6:00 PM6:24 AM6:24 AM5:39 AM5:39 AM6:17 PM6:17 PM5:46 PM5:46 PM5:35 AM5:35 AM5:17 AM5:17 AM6:46 PM6:46 PM5:35 PM5:35 PM4:53 AM4:53 AM
The time in which the moon is above the horizon (light blue area), with new moons (dark gray lines) and full moons (blue lines) indicated. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.
Oct 2024IlluminationMoonriseMoonsetMoonriseMeridian PassingDistance
1
3%4:40 AME4:41 PMW-10:40 AMN251,908 mi
2
1%5:10 AME5:29 PMW-11:19 AMN252,465 mi
3
0%5:39 AME6:17 PMW-11:57 AMN252,588 mi
4
2%6:09 AME7:07 PMWSW-12:36 PMN252,279 mi
5
5%6:41 AMESE7:58 PMWSW-1:17 PMN251,525 mi
6
10%7:16 AMESE8:51 PMWSW-2:01 PMN250,290 mi
7
17%7:55 AMESE9:47 PMWSW-2:49 PMS248,540 mi
8
25%8:39 AMESE10:43 PMWSW-3:40 PMS246,247 mi
9
34%9:29 AMESE11:40 PMWSW-4:34 PMS243,418 mi
10
45%10:25 AMESE--5:31 PMS240,111 mi
11
50%-12:35 AMWSW11:25 AMESE6:28 PMS236,457 mi
12
67%-1:26 AMWSW12:28 PMESE7:23 PMS232,661 mi
13
77%-2:13 AMWSW1:32 PMESE8:16 PMN229,004 mi
14
87%-2:56 AMWSW2:35 PMESE9:08 PMN225,813 mi
15
94%-3:36 AMW3:38 PME9:58 PMN223,422 mi
16
99%-4:15 AMW4:41 PME10:48 PMN222,119 mi
17
100%-4:54 AMW5:46 PME11:40 PMN222,085 mi
18
100%-5:35 AMWNW6:52 PMENE--
19
98%-6:19 AMWNW8:00 PMENE12:35 AMN223,354 mi
20
93%-7:09 AMWNW9:09 PMENE1:34 AMN225,799 mi
21
86%-8:03 AMWNW10:15 PMENE2:36 AMN229,154 mi
22
77%-9:02 AMWNW11:16 PMENE3:39 AMN233,061 mi
23
67%-10:03 AMWNW-4:40 AMN237,142 mi
24
50%12:09 AMENE11:04 AMWNW-5:37 AMN241,060 mi
25
45%12:55 AMENE12:01 PMWNW-6:29 AMN244,556 mi
26
35%1:36 AMENE12:56 PMWNW-7:16 AMN247,463 mi
27
26%2:11 AMENE1:48 PMWNW-7:59 AMN249,694 mi
28
18%2:43 AME2:37 PMW-8:40 AMN251,231 mi
29
11%3:13 AME3:25 PMW-9:18 AMN252,104 mi
30
6%3:42 AME4:14 PMW-9:57 AMN252,377 mi
31
2%4:12 AME5:03 PMWSW-10:35 AMN252,128 mi

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

The chance that a given day will be muggy in New Caledonia is rapidly increasing during October, rising from 13% to 28% over the course of the month.

For reference, on February 18, the muggiest day of the year, there are muggy conditions 90% of the time, while on August 6, the least muggy day of the year, there are muggy conditions 6% of the time.

Humidity Comfort Levels in October in New Caledonia

Humidity Comfort Levels in October in New CaledoniaOct11223344556677889910101111121213131414151516161717181819192020212122222323242425252626272728282929303031310%0%10%10%20%20%30%30%40%40%50%50%60%60%70%70%80%80%90%90%100%100%SepNovOct 113%Oct 113%Oct 3128%Oct 3128%Oct 1118%Oct 1118%Oct 2122%Oct 2122%oppressiveoppressivemuggymuggyhumidhumidcomfortablecomfortabledrydry
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point.

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed in New Caledonia is gradually increasing during October, increasing from 11.6 miles per hour to 12.3 miles per hour over the course of the month.

For reference, on March 11, the windiest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 13.8 miles per hour, while on September 22, the calmest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 11.4 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed in October in New Caledonia

The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The hourly average wind direction in New Caledonia throughout October is predominantly from the east, with a peak proportion of 65% on October 30.

Wind Direction in October in New Caledonia

Wind Direction in October in New CaledoniaOct11223344556677889910101111121213131414151516161717181819192020212122222323242425252626272728282929303031310%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%SepNovsoutheastwestnorth
northeastsouthwest
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions, excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1.0 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

New Caledonia is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.

The average surface water temperature in New Caledonia is essentially constant during October, remaining within 1°F of 75°F throughout.

Average Water Temperature in October in New Caledonia

Average Water Temperature in October in New CaledoniaOct112233445566778899101011111212131314141515161617171818191920202121222223232424252526262727282829293030313171°F71°F72°F72°F73°F73°F74°F74°F75°F75°F76°F76°F77°F77°F78°F78°F79°F79°F80°F80°FSepNovOct 174°FOct 174°FOct 3176°FOct 3176°FOct 1175°FOct 1175°FOct 2175°FOct 2175°F
The daily average water temperature (purple line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

Temperatures in New Caledonia are sufficiently warm year round that it is not entirely meaningful to discuss the growing season in these terms. We nevertheless include the chart below as an illustration of the distribution of temperatures experienced throughout the year.

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in October in New Caledonia

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in October in New CaledoniaOct11223344556677889910101111121213131414151516161717181819192020212122222323242425252626272728282929303031310%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%SepNov100%Oct 16100%Oct 16coolcomfortablewarmhot
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.

Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.

The average accumulated growing degree days in New Caledonia are rapidly increasing during October, increasing by 666°F, from 1,586°F to 2,252°F, over the course of the month.

Growing Degree Days in October in New Caledonia

Growing Degree Days in October in New CaledoniaOct11223344556677889910101111121213131414151516161717181819192020212122222323242425252626272728282929303031311,500°F1,500°F1,600°F1,600°F1,700°F1,700°F1,800°F1,800°F1,900°F1,900°F2,000°F2,000°F2,100°F2,100°F2,200°F2,200°F2,300°F2,300°FSepNovOct 11,586°FOct 11,586°FOct 312,252°FOct 312,252°FOct 111,796°FOct 111,796°FOct 212,018°FOct 212,018°F
The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of October, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy in New Caledonia is gradually increasing during October, rising by 0.5 kWh, from 6.6 kWh to 7.1 kWh, over the course of the month.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in October in New Caledonia

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in October in New CaledoniaOct11223344556677889910101111121213131414151516161717181819192020212122222323242425252626272728282929303031310 kWh0 kWh1 kWh1 kWh2 kWh2 kWh3 kWh3 kWh4 kWh4 kWh5 kWh5 kWh6 kWh6 kWh7 kWh7 kWh8 kWh8 kWh9 kWh9 kWhSepNovOct 16.6 kWhOct 16.6 kWhOct 317.1 kWhOct 317.1 kWhOct 116.8 kWhOct 116.8 kWhOct 217.0 kWhOct 217.0 kWh
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of New Caledonia are -21.500 deg latitude, 165.500 deg longitude, and 0 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of New Caledonia is essentially flat, with a maximum elevation change of 0 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 0 feet. Within 10 miles is also essentially flat (0 feet). Within 50 miles is also essentially flat (0 feet).

The area within 2 miles of New Caledonia is covered by trees (51%), grassland (22%), shrubs (17%), and cropland (10%), within 10 miles by trees (73%) and shrubs (12%), and within 50 miles by water (73%) and trees (20%).

This report illustrates the typical weather in New Caledonia, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

The details of the data sources used for this report can be found on the La Tontouta International Airport page.

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The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.

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