September Weather in Santo Tomás Nicaragua
Daily high temperatures are around 85°F, rarely falling below 80°F or exceeding 90°F. The highest daily average high temperature is 85°F on September 9.
Daily low temperatures are around 69°F, rarely falling below 67°F or exceeding 71°F.
For reference, on April 23, the hottest day of the year, temperatures in Santo Tomás typically range from 70°F to 91°F, while on January 21, the coldest day of the year, they range from 65°F to 84°F.
Average High and Low Temperature in September in Santo Tomás
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the hourly average temperatures for the quarter of the year centered on September. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature in September in Santo Tomás
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The month of September in Santo Tomás experiences essentially constant cloud cover, with the percentage of time that the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy remaining about 84% throughout the month. The highest chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 85% on September 29.
The clearest day of the month is September 3, with clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy conditions 17% of the time.
For reference, on June 15, the cloudiest day of the year, the chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 90%, while on January 5, the clearest day of the year, the chance of clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy skies is 74%.
Cloud Cover Categories in September in Santo Tomás
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. In Santo Tomás, the chance of a wet day over the course of September is rapidly increasing, starting the month at 34% and ending it at 41%.
For reference, the year's highest daily chance of a wet day is 41% on October 1, and its lowest chance is 1% on January 7.
Probability of Precipitation in September in Santo Tomás
To show variation within the month and not just the monthly total, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.
The average sliding 31-day rainfall during September in Santo Tomás is rapidly increasing, starting the month at 5.0 inches, when it rarely exceeds 11.1 inches or falls below 0.8 inches, and ending the month at 6.3 inches, when it rarely exceeds 15.3 inches or falls below 1.1 inches.
The highest average 31-day accumulation is 6.4 inches on September 26.
Average Monthly Rainfall in September in Santo Tomás
Over the course of September in Santo Tomás, the length of the day is gradually decreasing. From the start to the end of the month, the length of the day decreases by 19 minutes, implying an average daily decrease of 40 seconds, and weekly decrease of 4 minutes, 37 seconds.
The shortest day of the month is September 30, with 12 hours, 1 minute of daylight and the longest day is September 1, with 12 hours, 21 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight in September in Santo Tomás
The latest sunrise of the month in Santo Tomás is 5:29 AM on September 1 and the earliest sunrise is 28 seconds earlier at 5:29 AM on September 30.
The latest sunset is 5:50 PM on September 1 and the earliest sunset is 20 minutes earlier at 5:30 PM on September 30.
Daylight saving time is not observed in Santo Tomás during 2021.
For reference, on June 21, the longest day of the year, the Sun rises at 5:17 AM and sets 12 hours, 50 minutes later, at 6:07 PM, while on December 21, the shortest day of the year, it rises at 5:56 AM and sets 11 hours, 25 minutes later, at 5:21 PM.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in September in Santo Tomás
The figure below presents a compact representation of key lunar data for September 2021. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the colored areas indicate when the moon is above the horizon. The vertical gray bars (new Moons) and blue bars (full Moons) indicate key Moon phases. The label associated with each bar indicates the date and time that the phase is obtained, and the companion time labels indicate the rise and set times of the Moon for the nearest time interval in which the moon is above the horizon.
Moon Rise, Set & Phases in September in Santo Tomás
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The chance that a given day will be muggy in Santo Tomás is essentially constant during September, remaining around 99% throughout.
The highest chance of a muggy day during September is 100% on September 1.
For reference, on August 26, the muggiest day of the year, there are muggy conditions 100% of the time, while on February 28, the least muggy day of the year, there are muggy conditions 62% of the time.
Humidity Comfort Levels in September in Santo Tomás
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Santo Tomás is gradually decreasing during September, decreasing from 5.4 miles per hour to 4.7 miles per hour over the course of the month.
For reference, on February 6, the windiest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 8.8 miles per hour, while on October 2, the calmest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 4.7 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed in September in Santo Tomás
The hourly average wind direction in Santo Tomás throughout September is predominantly from the east, with a peak proportion of 72% on September 1.
Wind Direction in September in Santo Tomás
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
Temperatures in Santo Tomás are sufficiently warm year round that it is not entirely meaningful to discuss the growing season in these terms. We nevertheless include the chart below as an illustration of the distribution of temperatures experienced throughout the year.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in September in Santo Tomás
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
The average accumulated growing degree days in Santo Tomás are rapidly increasing during September, increasing by 738°F, from 6,354°F to 7,092°F, over the course of the month.
Growing Degree Days in September in Santo Tomás
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy in Santo Tomás is essentially constant during September, remaining within 0.1 kWh of 4.7 kWh throughout.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in September in Santo Tomás
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Santo Tomás are 12.069 deg latitude, -85.091 deg longitude, and 1,352 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Santo Tomás contains significant variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 722 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 1,235 feet. Within 10 miles contains significant variations in elevation (1,978 feet). Within 50 miles contains large variations in elevation (3,346 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Santo Tomás is covered by trees (38%), cropland (37%), and grassland (16%), within 10 miles by cropland (36%) and trees (35%), and within 50 miles by cropland (30%) and trees (28%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Santo Tomás, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There is only a single weather station, Augusto César Sandino International Airport, in our network suitable to be used as a proxy for the historical temperature and dew point records of Santo Tomás.
At a distance of 118 kilometers from Santo Tomás, closer than our threshold of 150 kilometers, this station is deemed sufficiently nearby to be relied upon as our primary source for temperature and dew point records.
The station records are corrected for the elevation difference between the station and Santo Tomás according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
Please note that the station records themselves may additionally have been back-filled using other nearby stations or the MERRA-2 reanalysis.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for airports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.