Average Weather in January at Elsenborn-Butgenbach Air Base Belgium
Daily high temperatures are around 36°F, rarely falling below 26°F or exceeding 46°F. The lowest daily average high temperature is 36°F on January 15.
Daily low temperatures are around 28°F, rarely falling below 14°F or exceeding 39°F.
For reference, on August 4, the hottest day of the year, temperatures at Elsenborn-Butgenbach Air Base typically range from 49°F to 69°F, while on February 10, the coldest day of the year, they range from 26°F to 37°F.
Average High and Low Temperature in January
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the hourly average temperatures for the quarter of the year centered on January. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature in January
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The month of January at Elsenborn-Butgenbach Air Base experiences gradually decreasing cloud cover, with the percentage of time that the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy decreasing from 78% to 72%.
The clearest day of the month is January 31, with clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy conditions 28% of the time.
For reference, on December 26, the cloudiest day of the year, the chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 80%, while on July 22, the clearest day of the year, the chance of clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy skies is 54%.
Cloud Cover Categories in January
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. At Elsenborn-Butgenbach Air Base, the chance of a wet day over the course of January is decreasing, starting the month at 36% and ending it at 32%.
For reference, the year's highest daily chance of a wet day is 38% on June 12, and its lowest chance is 28% on April 16.
Over the course of January at Elsenborn-Butgenbach Air Base, the chance of a day with only rain decreases from 23% to 17%, the chance of a day with mixed snow and rain remains an essentially constant 8% throughout, and the chance of a day with only snow remains an essentially constant 5% throughout.
Probability of Precipitation in January
To show variation within the month and not just the monthly total, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.
The average sliding 31-day rainfall during January at Elsenborn-Butgenbach Air Base is gradually decreasing, starting the month at 2.1 inches, when it rarely exceeds 3.8 inches or falls below 0.6 inches, and ending the month at 1.7 inches, when it rarely exceeds 3.2 inches or falls below 0.4 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall in January
We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. As with rainfall, we consider the liquid-equivalent snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.
The average sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall during January at Elsenborn-Butgenbach Air Base is essentially constant, remaining about 0.5 inches throughout, and rarely exceeding 1.2 inches or falling to 0.0 inches.
Average Monthly Liquid-Equivalent Snowfall in January
Over the course of January at Elsenborn-Butgenbach Air Base, the length of the day is rapidly increasing. From the start to the end of the month, the length of the day increases by 1 hour, 9 minutes, implying an average daily increase of 2 minutes, 18 seconds, and weekly increase of 16 minutes, 5 seconds.
The shortest day of the month is January 1, with 8 hours, 6 minutes of daylight and the longest day is January 31, with 9 hours, 15 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight in January
The latest sunrise of the month at Elsenborn-Butgenbach Air Base is 8:36 AM on January 1 and the earliest sunrise is 24 minutes earlier at 8:11 AM on January 31.
The earliest sunset is 4:42 PM on January 1 and the latest sunset is 44 minutes later at 5:26 PM on January 31.
Daylight saving time is observed at Elsenborn-Butgenbach Air Base during 2021, but it neither starts nor ends during January, so the entire month is in standard time.
For reference, on June 21, the longest day of the year, the Sun rises at 5:23 AM and sets 16 hours, 27 minutes later, at 9:50 PM, while on December 21, the shortest day of the year, it rises at 8:33 AM and sets 8 hours, 0 minutes later, at 4:33 PM.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in January
The figure below presents a compact representation of key lunar data for January 2021. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the colored areas indicate when the moon is above the horizon. The vertical gray bars (new Moons) and blue bars (full Moons) indicate key Moon phases. The label associated with each bar indicates the date and time that the phase is obtained, and the companion time labels indicate the rise and set times of the Moon for the nearest time interval in which the moon is above the horizon.
Moon Rise, Set & Phases in January
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The chance that a given day will be muggy at Elsenborn-Butgenbach Air Base is essentially constant during January, remaining around 0% throughout.
For reference, on July 13, the muggiest day of the year, there are muggy conditions 0% of the time, while on January 1, the least muggy day of the year, there are muggy conditions 0% of the time.
Humidity Comfort Levels in January
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed at Elsenborn-Butgenbach Air Base is gradually decreasing during January, decreasing from 13.7 miles per hour to 13.1 miles per hour over the course of the month.
For reference, on January 7, the windiest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 13.7 miles per hour, while on August 5, the calmest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 8.5 miles per hour.
The highest daily average wind speed during January is 13.7 miles per hour on January 7.
Average Wind Speed in January
The wind direction at Elsenborn-Butgenbach Air Base during January is predominantly out of the south from January 1 to January 23 and the west from January 23 to January 31.
Wind Direction in January
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
The growing season at Elsenborn-Butgenbach Air Base typically lasts for 4.6 months (139 days), from around May 18 to around October 4, rarely starting before April 23 or after June 10, and rarely ending before September 4 or after November 3.
The month of January at Elsenborn-Butgenbach Air Base is reliably fully outside of the growing season.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in January
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
The average accumulated growing degree days at Elsenborn-Butgenbach Air Base are essentially constant during January, remaining around 0°F throughout.
Growing Degree Days in January
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy at Elsenborn-Butgenbach Air Base is gradually increasing during January, rising by 0.5 kWh, from 0.7 kWh to 1.2 kWh, over the course of the month.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in January
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Elsenborn-Butgenbach Air Base are 50.485 deg latitude, 6.182 deg longitude, and 1,831 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Elsenborn-Butgenbach Air Base contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 440 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 1,876 feet. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (1,299 feet). Within 50 miles contains very significant variations in elevation (3,097 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Elsenborn-Butgenbach Air Base is covered by trees (42%), shrubs (27%), grassland (17%), and herbaceous vegetation (10%), within 10 miles by trees (53%) and grassland (30%), and within 50 miles by cropland (37%) and trees (33%).
This report illustrates the typical weather at Elsenborn-Butgenbach Air Base, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
Elsenborn-Butgenbach Air Base has a weather station that reported reliably enough during the analysis period that we have included it in our network. When available, historical temperature and dew point measurements are taken directly from this weather station. These records are obtained from NOAA's Integrated Surface Hourly data set, falling back on ICAO METAR records as required.
In the case of missing or erroneous measurements from this station, we fall back on records from nearby stations, adjusted according to typical seasonal and diurnal intra-station differences. For a given day of the year and hour of the day, the fallback station is selected to minimize the prediction error over the years for which there are measurements for both stations.
The stations on which we may fall back include but are not limited to Spa-La Sauvenière Airport, NATO Air Base Geilenkirchen, Nörvenich Air Base, Maastricht Aachen Airport, Spangdahlem Air Base, RAF Bruggen, Liege, and Liège Airport.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for airports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.