December Weather at Braganca Portugal
Daily high temperatures decrease by 3°F, from 51°F to 47°F, rarely falling below 39°F or exceeding 58°F.
Daily low temperatures decrease by 2°F, from 37°F to 35°F, rarely falling below 25°F or exceeding 47°F.
For reference, on July 30, the hottest day of the year, temperatures at Braganca typically range from 59°F to 85°F, while on January 15, the coldest day of the year, they range from 34°F to 47°F.
Average High and Low Temperature in December at Braganca
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the hourly average temperatures for the quarter of the year centered on December. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature in December at Braganca
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The month of December at Braganca experiences essentially constant cloud cover, with the percentage of time that the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy remaining about 60% throughout the month. The highest chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 61% on December 26.
The clearest day of the month is December 1, with clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy conditions 41% of the time.
For reference, on December 26, the cloudiest day of the year, the chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 61%, while on July 21, the clearest day of the year, the chance of clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy skies is 83%.
Cloud Cover Categories in December at Braganca
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. At Braganca, the chance of a wet day over the course of December is gradually increasing, starting the month at 24% and ending it at 28%.
For reference, the year's highest daily chance of a wet day is 29% on October 31, and its lowest chance is 5% on July 31.
Over the course of December at Braganca, the chance of a day with only rain increases from 24% to 27%, the chance of a day with mixed snow and rain remains an essentially constant 1% throughout, and the chance of a day with only snow remains an essentially constant 0% throughout.
Probability of Precipitation in December at Braganca
To show variation within the month and not just the monthly total, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.
The average sliding 31-day rainfall during December at Braganca is gradually increasing, starting the month at 2.5 inches, when it rarely exceeds 5.6 inches or falls below 0.3 inches, and ending the month at 2.9 inches, when it rarely exceeds 7.4 inches or falls below 0.3 inches.
The highest average 31-day accumulation is 2.9 inches on December 27.
Average Monthly Rainfall in December at Braganca
Over the course of December at Braganca, the length of the day is essentially constant. The shortest day of the month is December 21, with 9 hours, 8 minutes of daylight and the longest day is December 1, with 9 hours, 22 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight in December at Braganca
The earliest sunrise of the month at Braganca is 7:34 AM on December 1 and the latest sunrise is 19 minutes later at 7:54 AM on December 31.
The earliest sunset is 4:55 PM on December 7 and the latest sunset is 10 minutes later at 5:05 PM on December 31.
Daylight saving time is observed at Braganca during 2021, but it neither starts nor ends during December, so the entire month is in standard time.
For reference, on June 21, the longest day of the year, the Sun rises at 5:51 AM and sets 15 hours, 14 minutes later, at 9:05 PM, while on December 21, the shortest day of the year, it rises at 7:51 AM and sets 9 hours, 8 minutes later, at 4:58 PM.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in December at Braganca
The figure below presents a compact representation of key lunar data for December 2021. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the colored areas indicate when the moon is above the horizon. The vertical gray bars (new Moons) and blue bars (full Moons) indicate key Moon phases. The label associated with each bar indicates the date and time that the phase is obtained, and the companion time labels indicate the rise and set times of the Moon for the nearest time interval in which the moon is above the horizon.
Moon Rise, Set & Phases in December at Braganca
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The chance that a given day will be muggy at Braganca is essentially constant during December, remaining around 0% throughout.
For reference, on July 29, the muggiest day of the year, there are muggy conditions 0% of the time, while on January 1, the least muggy day of the year, there are muggy conditions 0% of the time.
Humidity Comfort Levels in December at Braganca
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed at Braganca is essentially constant during December, remaining within 0.1 miles per hour of 7.8 miles per hour throughout.
For reference, on April 5, the windiest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 8.7 miles per hour, while on September 8, the calmest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 7.2 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed in December at Braganca
The hourly average wind direction at Braganca throughout December is predominantly from the east, with a peak proportion of 32% on December 17.
Wind Direction in December at Braganca
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
The growing season at Braganca typically lasts for 7.7 months (237 days), from around March 28 to around November 20, rarely starting before February 26 or after April 28, and rarely ending before October 29 or after December 17.
The month of December at Braganca is more likely than not fully outside of the growing season, with the chance that a given day is in the growing season rapidly decreasing from 28% to 3% over the course of the month.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in December at Braganca
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
The average accumulated growing degree days at Braganca are essentially constant during December, remaining within 5°F of 2,968°F throughout.
Growing Degree Days in December at Braganca
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy at Braganca is essentially constant during December, remaining within 0.1 kWh of 1.7 kWh throughout.
The lowest average daily incident shortwave solar energy during December is 1.6 kWh on December 30.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in December at Braganca
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Braganca are 41.858 deg latitude, -6.707 deg longitude, and 2,241 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Braganca contains significant variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 768 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 2,170 feet. Within 10 miles contains significant variations in elevation (3,232 feet). Within 50 miles contains large variations in elevation (6,772 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Braganca is covered by cropland (85%) and trees (12%), within 10 miles by trees (39%) and cropland (37%), and within 50 miles by trees (40%) and cropland (36%).
This report illustrates the typical weather at Braganca, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
Braganca has a weather station that reported reliably enough during the analysis period that we have included it in our network. When available, historical temperature and dew point measurements are taken directly from this weather station. These records are obtained from NOAA's Integrated Surface Hourly data set, falling back on ICAO METAR records as required.
In the case of missing or erroneous measurements from this station, we fall back on records from nearby stations, adjusted according to typical seasonal and diurnal intra-station differences. For a given day of the year and hour of the day, the fallback station is selected to minimize the prediction error over the years for which there are measurements for both stations.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for airports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.