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January Weather at Ziguinchor Airport Senegal

Daily high temperatures increase by 3°F, from 90°F to 93°F, rarely falling below 84°F or exceeding 98°F.

Daily low temperatures are around 66°F, rarely falling below 61°F or exceeding 70°F. The lowest daily average low temperature is 65°F on January 11.

For reference, on March 29, the hottest day of the year, temperatures at Ziguinchor Airport typically range from 69°F to 98°F, while on January 11, the coldest day of the year, they range from 65°F to 90°F.

Average High and Low Temperature in January at Ziguinchor Airport

Average High and Low Temperature in January at Ziguinchor AirportJan112233445566778899101011111212131314141515161617171818191920202121222223232424252526262727282829293030313160°F60°F65°F65°F70°F70°F75°F75°F80°F80°F85°F85°F90°F90°F95°F95°F100°F100°F105°F105°FDecFebJan 190°FJan 190°F65°F65°FJan 3193°FJan 3193°F66°F66°FJan 1190°FJan 1190°F65°F65°FJan 2191°FJan 2191°F66°F66°F
The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the hourly average temperatures for the quarter of the year centered on January. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature in January at Ziguinchor Airport

Average Hourly Temperature in January at Ziguinchor AirportJan112233445566778899101011111212131314141515161617171818191920202121222223232424252526262727282829293030313112 AM12 AM2 AM2 AM4 AM4 AM6 AM6 AM8 AM8 AM10 AM10 AM12 PM12 PM2 PM2 PM4 PM4 PM6 PM6 PM8 PM8 PM10 PM10 PM12 AM12 AMDecFebcomfortablecomfortablewarmwarmhotsweltering
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Masagua, Guatemala (4,996 miles away); Altagracia de Orituco, Venezuela (3,400 miles); and Cuiabá, Brazil (3,349 miles) are the far-away foreign places with temperatures most similar to Ziguinchor Airport (view comparison).

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The month of January at Ziguinchor Airport experiences decreasing cloud cover, with the percentage of time that the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy decreasing from 50% to 41%.

The clearest day of the month is January 30, with clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy conditions 59% of the time.

For reference, on September 8, the cloudiest day of the year, the chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 82%, while on March 18, the clearest day of the year, the chance of clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy skies is 62%.

Cloud Cover Categories in January at Ziguinchor Airport

Cloud Cover Categories in January at Ziguinchor AirportJan11223344556677889910101111121213131414151516161717181819192020212122222323242425252626272728282929303031310%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%DecFebJan 150%Jan 150%Jan 3159%Jan 3159%Jan 1153%Jan 1153%Jan 2157%Jan 2157%clearmostly clearpartly cloudymostly cloudyovercast
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds.

Over the course of January at Ziguinchor Airport, the length of the day is essentially constant. The shortest day of the month is January 1, with 11 hours, 24 minutes of daylight and the longest day is January 31, with 11 hours, 35 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight in January at Ziguinchor Airport

The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise of the month at Ziguinchor Airport is 7:26 AM on January 1 and the latest sunrise is 5 minutes later at 7:31 AM on January 25.

The earliest sunset is 6:50 PM on January 1 and the latest sunset is 16 minutes later at 7:06 PM on January 31.

Daylight saving time is not observed at Ziguinchor Airport during 2024.

For reference, on June 20, the longest day of the year, the Sun rises at 6:40 AM and sets 12 hours, 52 minutes later, at 7:32 PM, while on December 21, the shortest day of the year, it rises at 7:21 AM and sets 11 hours, 23 minutes later, at 6:45 PM.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in January at Ziguinchor Airport

The solar day over the course of January. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray.

The figure below presents a compact representation of the sun's elevation (the angle of the sun above the horizon) and azimuth (its compass bearing) for every hour of every day in the reporting period. The horizontal axis is the day of the year and the vertical axis is the hour of the day. For a given day and hour of that day, the background color indicates the azimuth of the sun at that moment. The black isolines are contours of constant solar elevation.

Solar Elevation and Azimuth in January at Ziguinchor Airport

Solar Elevation and Azimuth in January at Ziguinchor AirportJan112233445566778899101011111212131314141515161617171818191920202121222223232424252526262727282829293030313112 AM12 AM2 AM2 AM4 AM4 AM6 AM6 AM8 AM8 AM10 AM10 AM12 PM12 PM2 PM2 PM4 PM4 PM6 PM6 PM8 PM8 PM10 PM10 PM12 AM12 AMDecFeb0010102020203030404050505060000101020203030304040505060
northeastsouthwest
Solar elevation and azimuth over the course of January 2024. The black lines are lines of constant solar elevation (the angle of the sun above the horizon, in degrees). The background color fills indicate the azimuth (the compass bearing) of the sun. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries of the cardinal compass points indicate the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

The figure below presents a compact representation of key lunar data for January 2024. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the colored areas indicate when the moon is above the horizon. The vertical gray bars (new Moons) and blue bars (full Moons) indicate key Moon phases. The label associated with each bar indicates the date and time that the phase is obtained, and the companion time labels indicate the rise and set times of the Moon for the nearest time interval in which the moon is above the horizon.

Moon Rise, Set & Phases in January at Ziguinchor Airport

Moon Rise, Set & Phases in January at Ziguinchor AirportJan112233445566778899101011111212131314141515161617171818191920202121222223232424252526262727282829293030313112 AM12 AM4 AM4 AM8 AM8 AM12 PM12 PM4 PM4 PM8 PM8 PM12 AM12 AMDecFebDec 1211:33 PMDec 1211:33 PMDec 2712:34 AMDec 2712:34 AMJan 1111:58 AMJan 1111:58 AMJan 255:55 PMJan 255:55 PMFeb 911:00 PMFeb 911:00 PMFeb 2412:31 PMFeb 2412:31 PM6:42 AM6:42 AM6:18 PM6:18 PM6:25 PM6:25 PM7:50 AM7:50 AM7:31 AM7:31 AM7:09 PM7:09 PM7:02 PM7:02 PM8:09 AM8:09 AM7:08 AM7:08 AM6:57 PM6:57 PM6:38 PM6:38 PM7:27 AM7:27 AM
The time in which the moon is above the horizon (light blue area), with new moons (dark gray lines) and full moons (blue lines) indicated. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.
Jan 2024IlluminationMoonriseMoonsetMoonriseMeridian PassingDistance
1
76%-11:29 AMW11:32 PME5:09 AMS251,533 mi
2
68%-12:03 PMW-5:48 AMS251,466 mi
3
58%12:17 AME12:37 PMW-6:27 AMS250,587 mi
4
50%1:01 AME1:11 PMW-7:06 AMS248,879 mi
5
39%1:47 AME1:47 PMWSW-7:47 AMS246,398 mi
6
29%2:35 AMESE2:27 PMWSW-8:31 AMS243,268 mi
7
20%3:28 AMESE3:12 PMWSW-9:19 AMS239,691 mi
8
12%4:24 AMESE4:02 PMWSW-10:13 AMS235,935 mi
9
5%5:25 AMESE5:00 PMWSW-11:12 AMS232,320 mi
10
1%6:28 AMESE6:03 PMWSW-12:16 PMS229,182 mi
11
0%7:31 AMESE7:09 PMWSW-1:20 PMS226,822 mi
12
2%8:30 AMESE8:15 PMWSW-2:23 PMS225,444 mi
13
6%9:24 AMESE9:17 PMWSW-3:21 PMS225,120 mi
14
14%10:13 AMESE10:17 PMW-4:15 PMS225,787 mi
15
23%10:57 AME11:13 PMW-5:05 PMS227,279 mi
16
34%11:40 AME--5:53 PMS229,373 mi
17
46%-12:08 AMW12:21 PME6:40 PMS231,837 mi
18
50%-1:02 AMW1:03 PMENE7:28 PMN234,466 mi
19
68%-1:56 AMWNW1:47 PMENE8:18 PMN237,102 mi
20
78%-2:52 AMWNW2:34 PMENE9:10 PMN239,642 mi
21
86%-3:49 AMWNW3:25 PMENE10:04 PMN242,030 mi
22
93%-4:46 AMWNW4:18 PMENE11:00 PMN244,239 mi
23
97%-5:43 AMWNW5:13 PMENE11:55 PMN246,255 mi
24
98%-6:36 AMWNW6:08 PMENE--
25
100%-7:25 AMWNW7:02 PMENE12:48 AMN248,061 mi
26
100%-8:09 AMWNW7:53 PMENE1:37 AMN249,621 mi
27
98%-8:50 AMWNW8:41 PMENE2:23 AMN250,876 mi
28
95%-9:27 AMWNW9:27 PME3:06 AMN251,744 mi
29
90%-10:02 AMW10:12 PME3:46 AMS252,129 mi
30
83%-10:36 AMW10:56 PME4:24 AMS251,929 mi
31
76%-11:09 AMW11:41 PME5:03 AMS251,057 mi

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

The chance that a given day will be muggy at Ziguinchor Airport is essentially constant during January, remaining within 2% of 10% throughout.

The lowest chance of a muggy day during January is 7% on January 16.

For reference, on August 22, the muggiest day of the year, there are muggy conditions 100% of the time, while on January 16, the least muggy day of the year, there are muggy conditions 7% of the time.

Humidity Comfort Levels in January at Ziguinchor Airport

Humidity Comfort Levels in January at Ziguinchor AirportJan11223344556677889910101111121213131414151516161717181819192020212122222323242425252626272728282929303031310%0%10%10%20%20%30%30%40%40%50%50%60%60%70%70%80%80%90%90%100%100%DecFebJan 167%Jan 167%Jan 112%Jan 112%Jan 3110%Jan 3110%oppressiveoppressivemuggymuggyhumidhumidcomfortablecomfortabledrydry
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point.

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed at Ziguinchor Airport is essentially constant during January, remaining within 0.1 miles per hour of 5.6 miles per hour throughout.

For reference, on May 12, the windiest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 6.0 miles per hour, while on October 14, the calmest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 3.3 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed in January at Ziguinchor Airport

Average Wind Speed in January at Ziguinchor AirportJan11223344556677889910101111121213131414151516161717181819192020212122222323242425252626272728282929303031310 mph0 mph1 mph1 mph2 mph2 mph3 mph3 mph4 mph4 mph5 mph5 mph6 mph6 mph7 mph7 mph8 mph8 mphDecFebJan 15.5 mphJan 15.5 mphJan 315.8 mphJan 315.8 mphJan 115.7 mphJan 115.7 mphJan 215.7 mphJan 215.7 mph
The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

The hourly average wind direction at Ziguinchor Airport throughout January is predominantly from the north, with a peak proportion of 61% on January 21.

Wind Direction in January at Ziguinchor Airport

Wind Direction in January at Ziguinchor AirportJan11223344556677889910101111121213131414151516161717181819192020212122222323242425252626272728282929303031310%100%20%80%40%60%60%40%80%20%100%0%DecFebeastnorthwest
northeastsouthwest
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions, excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1.0 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Ziguinchor Airport is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.

The average surface water temperature at Ziguinchor Airport is gradually decreasing during January, falling by 2°F, from 75°F to 73°F, over the course of the month.

Average Water Temperature in January at Ziguinchor Airport

Average Water Temperature in January at Ziguinchor AirportJan112233445566778899101011111212131314141515161617171818191920202121222223232424252526262727282829293030313168°F68°F70°F70°F72°F72°F74°F74°F76°F76°F78°F78°F80°F80°F82°F82°F84°F84°FDecFebJan 175°FJan 175°FJan 3173°FJan 3173°FJan 1174°FJan 1174°FJan 2173°FJan 2173°F
The daily average water temperature (purple line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

Temperatures at Ziguinchor Airport are sufficiently warm year round that it is not entirely meaningful to discuss the growing season in these terms. We nevertheless include the chart below as an illustration of the distribution of temperatures experienced throughout the year.

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in January at Ziguinchor Airport

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in January at Ziguinchor AirportJan11223344556677889910101111121213131414151516161717181819192020212122222323242425252626272728282929303031310%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%DecFeb100%Jan 16100%Jan 16coolcomfortablewarmhotsweltering
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.

Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.

The average accumulated growing degree days at Ziguinchor Airport are rapidly increasing during January, increasing by 757°F, from 26°F to 783°F, over the course of the month.

Growing Degree Days in January at Ziguinchor Airport

Growing Degree Days in January at Ziguinchor AirportJan1122334455667788991010111112121313141415151616171718181919202021212222232324242525262627272828292930303131100°F100°F200°F200°F300°F300°F400°F400°F500°F500°F600°F600°F700°F700°F800°F800°FDecFebJan 126°FJan 126°FJan 31783°FJan 31783°FJan 11274°FJan 11274°FJan 21526°FJan 21526°F
The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of January, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy at Ziguinchor Airport is gradually increasing during January, rising by 0.6 kWh, from 5.1 kWh to 5.7 kWh, over the course of the month.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in January at Ziguinchor Airport

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in January at Ziguinchor AirportJan11223344556677889910101111121213131414151516161717181819192020212122222323242425252626272728282929303031310 kWh0 kWh1 kWh1 kWh2 kWh2 kWh3 kWh3 kWh4 kWh4 kWh5 kWh5 kWh6 kWh6 kWh7 kWh7 kWhDecFebJan 15.1 kWhJan 15.1 kWhJan 315.7 kWhJan 315.7 kWhJan 115.3 kWhJan 115.3 kWhJan 215.5 kWhJan 215.5 kWh
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Ziguinchor Airport are 12.556 deg latitude, -16.283 deg longitude, and 79 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Ziguinchor Airport contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 118 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 67 feet. Within 10 miles also contains only modest variations in elevation (184 feet). Within 50 miles also contains only modest variations in elevation (253 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Ziguinchor Airport is covered by artificial surfaces (51%) and cropland (40%), within 10 miles by trees (30%) and cropland (23%), and within 50 miles by water (29%) and trees (24%).

This report illustrates the typical weather at Ziguinchor Airport, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

Ziguinchor Airport has a weather station that reported reliably enough during the analysis period that we have included it in our network. When available, historical temperature and dew point measurements are taken directly from this weather station. These records are obtained from NOAA's Integrated Surface Hourly data set, falling back on ICAO METAR records as required.

In the case of missing or erroneous measurements from this station, we fall back on records from nearby stations, adjusted according to typical seasonal and diurnal intra-station differences. For a given day of the year and hour of the day, the fallback station is selected to minimize the prediction error over the years for which there are measurements for both stations.

The stations on which we may fall back are Cap Skirring Airport and Banjul International Airport.

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for airports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © OpenStreetMap contributors.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.

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