Average Weather in December at Daneborg Greenland
Daily high temperatures decrease by 2°F, from 8°F to 6°F, rarely falling below -7°F or exceeding 23°F.
Daily low temperatures decrease by 3°F, from -1°F to -4°F, rarely falling below -17°F or exceeding 12°F.
For reference, on July 28, the hottest day of the year, temperatures at Daneborg typically range from 38°F to 46°F, while on February 21, the coldest day of the year, they range from -7°F to 3°F.
Average High and Low Temperature in December
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the hourly average temperatures for the quarter of the year centered on December. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature in December
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The month of December at Daneborg experiences gradually increasing cloud cover, with the percentage of time that the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy increasing from 59% to 66%.
The clearest day of the month is December 2, with clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy conditions 41% of the time.
For reference, on January 22, the cloudiest day of the year, the chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 70%, while on June 15, the clearest day of the year, the chance of clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy skies is 62%.
Cloud Cover Categories in December
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. At Daneborg, the chance of a wet day over the course of December is increasing, starting the month at 15% and ending it at 20%.
For reference, the year's highest daily chance of a wet day is 20% on January 4, and its lowest chance is 5% on June 12.
Probability of Precipitation in December
We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. As with rainfall, we consider the liquid-equivalent snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.
The average sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall during December at Daneborg is essentially constant, remaining about 1.6 inches throughout, and rarely exceeding 3.7 inches or falling to 0.0 inches.
The highest average 31-day liquid-equivalent accumulation is 1.7 inches on December 29.
Average Monthly Liquid-Equivalent Snowfall in December
Due to its extreme latitude, Daneborg experiences polar day (also known as the midnight Sun) during the summer and polar night during the winter. These are periods of time in which the sun is continuously above or below the horizon for more than one day. The precise start and end dates of polar day and night vary from year to year and depend on the precise location and elevation of the observer, and the local topography.
In the winter at Daneborg during 2021, the Sun is continuously below the horizon for 2.9 months, setting at 10:28 AM on November 7, and not rising again until 10:00 AM on February 3. As such, the sun is continuously below the horizon for the entire month of December.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight in December
Daylight saving time is observed at Daneborg during 2021, but it neither starts nor ends during December, so the entire month is in standard time.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in December
The figure below presents a compact representation of key lunar data for December 2021. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the colored areas indicate when the moon is above the horizon. The vertical gray bars (new Moons) and blue bars (full Moons) indicate key Moon phases. The label associated with each bar indicates the date and time that the phase is obtained, and the companion time labels indicate the rise and set times of the Moon for the nearest time interval in which the moon is above the horizon.
Moon Rise, Set & Phases in December
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The chance that a given day will be muggy at Daneborg is essentially constant during December, remaining around 0% throughout.
Humidity Comfort Levels in December
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed at Daneborg is increasing during December, increasing from 11.5 miles per hour to 13.3 miles per hour over the course of the month.
For reference, on January 4, the windiest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 13.4 miles per hour, while on June 12, the calmest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 5.6 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed in December
The hourly average wind direction at Daneborg throughout December is predominantly from the north, with a peak proportion of 70% on December 14.
Wind Direction in December
Daneborg is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.
The average surface water temperature at Daneborg is essentially constant during December, remaining around 29°F throughout.
The lowest average surface water temperature during December is 29°F on December 16.
Average Water Temperature in December
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
The growing season at Daneborg typically lasts for 1.4 months (43 days), from around July 9 to around August 22, rarely starting before June 17, or ending after September 10.
The month of December at Daneborg is reliably fully outside of the growing season.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in December
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
The average accumulated growing degree days at Daneborg are essentially constant during December, remaining around 9°F throughout.
Growing Degree Days in December
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy at Daneborg is essentially constant during December, remaining around -0.0 kWh throughout.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in December
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Daneborg are 74.300 deg latitude, -20.217 deg longitude, and 46 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Daneborg contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 364 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 104 feet. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (4,245 feet). Within 50 miles also contains extreme variations in elevation (5,640 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Daneborg is covered by sparse vegetation (44%), water (44%), and snow and glaciers (12%), within 10 miles by sparse vegetation (55%) and water (28%), and within 50 miles by water (49%) and sparse vegetation (29%).
This report illustrates the typical weather at Daneborg, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
Daneborg has a weather station that reported reliably enough during the analysis period that we have included it in our network. When available, historical temperature and dew point measurements are taken directly from this weather station. These records are obtained from NOAA's Integrated Surface Hourly data set, falling back on ICAO METAR records as required.There are no other weather stations in our network within 200 kilometers of this location. Consequently, in the case of missing or erroneous measurements from this station, we fall back on NASA's MERRA-2 modern-era reanalysis , adjusted according to typical seasonal and diurnal differences between this station and the wide-area MERRA-2 reconstructed values.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for airports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.