Average Weather in September at Birmingham–Shuttlesworth International Airport Alabama, United States
Daily high temperatures decrease by 8°F, from 88°F to 80°F, rarely falling below 71°F or exceeding 95°F.
Daily low temperatures decrease by 9°F, from 69°F to 60°F, rarely falling below 48°F or exceeding 74°F.
For reference, on July 22, the hottest day of the year, temperatures at Birmingham–Shuttlesworth International Airport typically range from 72°F to 90°F, while on January 23, the coldest day of the year, they range from 35°F to 54°F.
Average High and Low Temperature in September
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the hourly average temperatures for the quarter of the year centered on September. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature in September
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The month of September at Birmingham–Shuttlesworth International Airport experiences essentially constant cloud cover, with the percentage of time that the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy remaining about 36% throughout the month. The highest chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 39% on September 11.
The clearest day of the month is September 30, with clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy conditions 66% of the time.
For reference, on January 5, the cloudiest day of the year, the chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 54%, while on October 12, the clearest day of the year, the chance of clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy skies is 67%.
Cloud Cover Categories in September
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. At Birmingham–Shuttlesworth International Airport, the chance of a wet day over the course of September is rapidly decreasing, starting the month at 29% and ending it at 22%.
For reference, the year's highest daily chance of a wet day is 44% on July 9, and its lowest chance is 20% on October 9.
Probability of Precipitation in September
To show variation within the month and not just the monthly total, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.
The average sliding 31-day rainfall during September at Birmingham–Shuttlesworth International Airport is essentially constant, remaining about 3.1 inches throughout, and rarely exceeding 7.0 inches or falling below 0.7 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall in September
Over the course of September at Birmingham–Shuttlesworth International Airport, the length of the day is decreasing. From the start to the end of the month, the length of the day decreases by 59 minutes, implying an average daily decrease of 2 minutes, 3 seconds, and weekly decrease of 14 minutes, 20 seconds.
The shortest day of the month is September 30, with 11 hours, 52 minutes of daylight and the longest day is September 1, with 12 hours, 51 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight in September
The earliest sunrise of the month at Birmingham–Shuttlesworth International Airport is 6:20 AM on September 1 and the latest sunrise is 20 minutes later at 6:40 AM on September 30.
The latest sunset is 7:12 PM on September 1 and the earliest sunset is 40 minutes earlier at 6:32 PM on September 30.
Daylight saving time is observed at Birmingham–Shuttlesworth International Airport during 2018, but it neither starts nor ends during September, so the entire month is in daylight saving time.
For reference, on June 21, the longest day of the year, the Sun rises at 5:37 AM and sets 14 hours, 23 minutes later, at 8:00 PM, while on December 21, the shortest day of the year, it rises at 6:47 AM and sets 9 hours, 56 minutes later, at 4:42 PM.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in September
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The chance that a given day will be muggy at Birmingham–Shuttlesworth International Airport is very rapidly decreasing during September, falling from 69% to 25% over the course of the month.
For reference, on July 25, the muggiest day of the year, there are muggy conditions 89% of the time, while on January 23, the least muggy day of the year, there are muggy conditions 0% of the time.
Humidity Comfort Levels in September
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed at Birmingham–Shuttlesworth International Airport is gradually increasing during September, increasing from 3.4 miles per hour to 4.0 miles per hour over the course of the month.
For reference, on February 25, the windiest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 5.2 miles per hour, while on August 4, the calmest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 3.1 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed in September
Wind Direction in September
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
The growing season at Birmingham–Shuttlesworth International Airport typically lasts for 7.6 months (233 days), from around March 24 to around November 12, rarely starting before February 27 or after April 16, and rarely ending before October 24 or after November 30.
The month of September at Birmingham–Shuttlesworth International Airport is reliably fully within the growing season.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in September
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
The average accumulated growing degree days at Birmingham–Shuttlesworth International Airport are rapidly increasing during September, increasing by 684°F, from 4,054°F to 4,738°F, over the course of the month.
Growing Degree Days in September
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy at Birmingham–Shuttlesworth International Airport is gradually decreasing during September, falling by 0.7 kWh, from 5.8 kWh to 5.1 kWh, over the course of the month.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in September
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Birmingham–Shuttlesworth International Airport are 33.562 deg latitude, -86.753 deg longitude, and 650 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Birmingham–Shuttlesworth International Airport contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 407 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 649 feet. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (879 feet). Within 50 miles also contains very significant variations in elevation (1,781 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Birmingham–Shuttlesworth International Airport is covered by artificial surfaces (92%), within 10 miles by artificial surfaces (56%) and trees (40%), and within 50 miles by trees (69%) and cropland (17%).
This report illustrates the typical weather at Birmingham–Shuttlesworth International Airport year round, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
Birmingham–Shuttlesworth International Airport has a weather station that reported reliably enough during the analysis period that we have included it in our network. When available, historical temperature and dew point measurements are taken directly from this weather station. These records are obtained from NOAA's Integrated Surface Hourly data set, falling back on ICAO METAR records as required.
In the case of missing or erroneous measurements from this station, we fall back on records from nearby stations, adjusted according to typical seasonal and diurnal intra-station differences. For a given day of the year and hour of the day, the fallback station is selected to minimize the prediction error over the years for which there are measurements for both stations.
The stations on which we may fall back include but are not limited to Shelby County Airport; Cullman Regional Airport-Folsom Field; Northeast Alabama Regional Airport; Albertville, Albertville Municipal Airport; Centreville; Anniston Metropolitan Airport; Tuscaloosa Municipal Airport; and Thomas C Russell Field.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.