Average Weather in October at Churchill Airport Canada
Daily low temperatures decrease by 16°F, from 34°F to 18°F, rarely falling below 5°F or exceeding 42°F.
For reference, on July 24, the hottest day of the year, temperatures at Churchill Airport typically range from 49°F to 66°F, while on January 21, the coldest day of the year, they range from -20°F to -6°F.
Average High and Low Temperature in October
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the hourly average temperatures for the quarter of the year centered on October. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature in October
The month of October at Churchill Airport experiences gradually increasing cloud cover, with the percentage of time that the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy increasing from 61% to 68%.
The clearest day of the month is October 4, with clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy conditions 39% of the time.
For reference, on January 30, the cloudiest day of the year, the chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 87%, while on July 23, the clearest day of the year, the chance of clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy skies is 50%.
Cloud Cover Categories in October
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. At Churchill Airport, the chance of a wet day over the course of October is very rapidly decreasing, starting the month at 25% and ending it at 17%.
For reference, the year's highest daily chance of a wet day is 29% on September 6, and its lowest chance is 5% on January 10.
Over the course of October at Churchill Airport, the chance of a day with only rain decreases from 21% to 5%, the chance of a day with mixed snow and rain remains an essentially constant 5% throughout, and the chance of a day with only snow increases from 0% to 8%.
Probability of Precipitation in October
To show variation within the month and not just the monthly total, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.
The average sliding 31-day rainfall during October at Churchill Airport is rapidly decreasing, starting the month at 1.8 inches, when it rarely exceeds 3.4 inches or falls below 0.4 inches, and ending the month at 0.6 inches, when it rarely exceeds 1.3 inches or falls below 0.1 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall in October
We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. As with rainfall, we consider the liquid-equivalent snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.
The average sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall during October at Churchill Airport is gradually increasing, starting the month at 0.1 inches, when it rarely exceeds 0.4 inches or falls below -0.0 inches, and ending the month at 0.6 inches, when it rarely exceeds 1.1 inches or falls below 0.1 inches.
Average Monthly Liquid-Equivalent Snowfall in October
Over the course of October at Churchill Airport, the length of the day is very rapidly decreasing. From the start to the end of the month, the length of the day decreases by 2 hours, 32 minutes, implying an average daily decrease of 5 minutes, 3 seconds, and weekly decrease of 35 minutes, 23 seconds.
The shortest day of the month is October 31, with 8 hours, 57 minutes of daylight and the longest day is October 1, with 11 hours, 28 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight in October
The earliest sunrise of the month at Churchill Airport is 7:21 AM on October 1 and the latest sunrise is 1 hour, 10 minutes later at 8:31 AM on October 31.
The latest sunset is 6:49 PM on October 1 and the earliest sunset is 1 hour, 22 minutes earlier at 5:27 PM on October 31.
Daylight saving time is observed at Churchill Airport during 2018, but it neither starts nor ends during October, so the entire month is in daylight saving time.
For reference, on June 21, the longest day of the year, the Sun rises at 4:05 AM and sets 18 hours, 25 minutes later, at 10:30 PM, while on December 21, the shortest day of the year, it rises at 9:06 AM and sets 6 hours, 15 minutes later, at 3:21 PM.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time in October
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The chance that a given day will be muggy at Churchill Airport is essentially constant during October, remaining around 0% throughout.
For reference, on July 28, the muggiest day of the year, there are muggy conditions 1% of the time, while on January 1, the least muggy day of the year, there are muggy conditions 0% of the time.
Humidity Comfort Levels in October
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed at Churchill Airport is essentially constant during October, remaining within 0.2 miles per hour of 14.1 miles per hour throughout.
For reference, on November 11, the windiest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 14.7 miles per hour, while on July 22, the calmest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 9.9 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed in October
Wind Direction in October
Churchill Airport is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.
The average surface water temperature at Churchill Airport is decreasing during October, falling by 7°F, from 42°F to 35°F, over the course of the month.
Average Water Temperature in October
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
The growing season at Churchill Airport typically lasts for 3.4 months (104 days), from around June 11 to around September 23, rarely starting before May 27 or after June 27, and rarely ending before September 7 or after October 8.
The month of October at Churchill Airport is more likely than not fully outside of the growing season, with the chance that a given day is in the growing season rapidly decreasing from 27% to 0% over the course of the month.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in October
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
The average accumulated growing degree days at Churchill Airport are essentially constant during October, remaining within 2°F of 538°F throughout.
Growing Degree Days in October
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy at Churchill Airport is decreasing during October, falling by 1.1 kWh, from 2.0 kWh to 0.9 kWh, over the course of the month.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in October
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Churchill Airport are 58.741 deg latitude, -94.073 deg longitude, and 36 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Churchill Airport contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 102 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 47 feet. Within 10 miles also contains only modest variations in elevation (157 feet). Within 50 miles also contains only modest variations in elevation (364 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Churchill Airport is covered by sparse vegetation (48%), trees (21%), and grassland (12%), within 10 miles by water (47%) and trees (26%), and within 50 miles by water (45%) and sparse vegetation (24%).
This report illustrates the typical weather at Churchill Airport year round, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
Churchill Airport has a weather station that reported reliably enough during the analysis period that we have included it in our network. When available, historical temperature and dew point measurements are taken directly from this weather station. These records are obtained from NOAA's Integrated Surface Hourly data set, falling back on ICAO METAR records as required.There are no other weather stations in our network within 200 kilometers of this location. Consequently, in the case of missing or erroneous measurements from this station, we fall back on NASA's MERRA-2 modern-era reanalysis , adjusted according to typical seasonal and diurnal differences between this station and the wide-area MERRA-2 reconstructed values.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.