Average Weather in January at Garrison North Dakota, United States
Daily high temperatures increase by 2°F, from 20°F to 23°F, rarely falling below -2°F or exceeding 40°F. The lowest daily average high temperature is 20°F on January 5.
Daily low temperatures are around 4°F, rarely falling below -18°F or exceeding 25°F. The lowest daily average low temperature is 3°F on January 15.
For reference, on July 30, the hottest day of the year, temperatures at Garrison typically range from 57°F to 82°F, while on January 15, the coldest day of the year, they range from 3°F to 21°F.
Average High and Low Temperature in January
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the hourly average temperatures for the quarter of the year centered on January. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature in January
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The month of January at Garrison experiences essentially constant cloud cover, with the percentage of time that the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy remaining about 62% throughout the month. The highest chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 62% on January 10.
The clearest day of the month is January 19, with clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy conditions 39% of the time.
For reference, on January 9, the cloudiest day of the year, the chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 62%, while on July 29, the clearest day of the year, the chance of clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy skies is 75%.
Cloud Cover Categories in January
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. At Garrison, the chance of a wet day over the course of January is gradually decreasing, starting the month at 6% and ending it at 4%.
For reference, the year's highest daily chance of a wet day is 34% on June 13, and its lowest chance is 3% on February 2.
Probability of Precipitation in January
We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. As with rainfall, we consider the liquid-equivalent snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.
The average sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall during January at Garrison is essentially constant, remaining about 0.2 inches throughout, and rarely exceeding 0.8 inches or falling to 0.0 inches.
Average Monthly Liquid-Equivalent Snowfall in January
Over the course of January at Garrison, the length of the day is rapidly increasing. From the start to the end of the month, the length of the day increases by 1 hour, 1 minute, implying an average daily increase of 2 minutes, 2 seconds, and weekly increase of 14 minutes, 11 seconds.
The shortest day of the month is January 1, with 8 hours, 30 minutes of daylight and the longest day is January 31, with 9 hours, 31 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight in January
The latest sunrise of the month at Garrison is 8:34 AM on January 1 and the earliest sunrise is 20 minutes earlier at 8:13 AM on January 31.
The earliest sunset is 5:04 PM on January 1 and the latest sunset is 40 minutes later at 5:45 PM on January 31.
Daylight saving time is observed at Garrison during 2019, but it neither starts nor ends during January, so the entire month is in standard time.
For reference, on June 21, the longest day of the year, the Sun rises at 5:47 AM and sets 16 hours, 0 minutes later, at 9:47 PM, while on December 22, the shortest day of the year, it rises at 8:31 AM and sets 8 hours, 25 minutes later, at 4:56 PM.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in January
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The chance that a given day will be muggy at Garrison is essentially constant during January, remaining around 0% throughout.
For reference, on July 17, the muggiest day of the year, there are muggy conditions 12% of the time, while on October 11, the least muggy day of the year, there are muggy conditions 0% of the time.
Humidity Comfort Levels in January
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed at Garrison is essentially constant during January, remaining within 0.1 miles per hour of 12.0 miles per hour throughout.
For reference, on March 26, the windiest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 12.6 miles per hour, while on July 23, the calmest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 9.6 miles per hour.
The highest daily average wind speed during January is 12.1 miles per hour on January 18.
Average Wind Speed in January
Wind Direction in January
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
The growing season at Garrison typically lasts for 4.4 months (136 days), from around May 13 to around September 27, rarely starting before April 25 or after May 29, and rarely ending before September 9 or after October 14.
The month of January at Garrison is reliably fully outside of the growing season.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in January
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
The average accumulated growing degree days at Garrison are essentially constant during January, remaining around 0°F throughout.
Growing Degree Days in January
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy at Garrison is gradually increasing during January, rising by 0.7 kWh, from 1.3 kWh to 2.0 kWh, over the course of the month.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in January
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Garrison are 47.646 deg latitude, -101.439 deg longitude, and 1,929 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Garrison contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 167 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 1,918 feet. Within 10 miles also contains only modest variations in elevation (440 feet). Within 50 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (1,007 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Garrison is covered by cropland (79%) and grassland (21%), within 10 miles by cropland (58%) and water (22%), and within 50 miles by cropland (53%) and grassland (41%).
This report illustrates the typical weather at Garrison year round, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
Garrison has a weather station that reported reliably enough during the analysis period that we have included it in our network. When available, historical temperature and dew point measurements are taken directly from this weather station. These records are obtained from NOAA's Integrated Surface Hourly data set, falling back on ICAO METAR records as required.
In the case of missing or erroneous measurements from this station, we fall back on records from nearby stations, adjusted according to typical seasonal and diurnal intra-station differences. For a given day of the year and hour of the day, the fallback station is selected to minimize the prediction error over the years for which there are measurements for both stations.
The stations on which we may fall back include but are not limited to Mercer County Regional Airport, Minot International Airport, Minot Air Force Base, Bismarck Municipal Airport, Roseglen, Dickinson Municipal Airport, Ashley Municipal Airport, and Rugby Municipal Airport.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.