Average Weather in October at Los Alamos County Airport New Mexico, United States
Daily high temperatures decrease by 12°F, from 69°F to 57°F, rarely falling below 47°F or exceeding 77°F.
Daily low temperatures decrease by 11°F, from 49°F to 39°F, rarely falling below 29°F or exceeding 56°F.
For reference, on July 4, the hottest day of the year, temperatures at Los Alamos County Airport typically range from 61°F to 83°F, while on December 30, the coldest day of the year, they range from 24°F to 40°F.
Average High and Low Temperature in October
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the hourly average temperatures for the quarter of the year centered on October. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature in October
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The month of October at Los Alamos County Airport experiences gradually increasing cloud cover, with the percentage of time that the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy increasing from 21% to 29%.
The clearest day of the month is October 1, with clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy conditions 79% of the time.
For reference, on February 13, the cloudiest day of the year, the chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 40%, while on September 29, the clearest day of the year, the chance of clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy skies is 79%.
Cloud Cover Categories in October
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. At Los Alamos County Airport, the chance of a wet day over the course of October is essentially constant, remaining around 14% throughout.
For reference, the year's highest daily chance of a wet day is 35% on July 31, and its lowest chance is 8% on January 24.
Over the course of October at Los Alamos County Airport, the chance of a day with only rain decreases from 15% to 11%, the chance of a day with mixed snow and rain remains an essentially constant 1% throughout, and the chance of a day with only snow remains an essentially constant 0% throughout.
Probability of Precipitation in October
To show variation within the month and not just the monthly total, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.
The average sliding 31-day rainfall during October at Los Alamos County Airport is essentially constant, remaining about 0.9 inches throughout, and rarely exceeding 2.2 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall in October
Over the course of October at Los Alamos County Airport, the length of the day is rapidly decreasing. From the start to the end of the month, the length of the day decreases by 1 hour, 5 minutes, implying an average daily decrease of 2 minutes, 9 seconds, and weekly decrease of 15 minutes, 6 seconds.
The shortest day of the month is October 31, with 10 hours, 44 minutes of daylight and the longest day is October 1, with 11 hours, 49 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight in October
The earliest sunrise of the month at Los Alamos County Airport is 6:59 AM on October 1 and the latest sunrise is 26 minutes later at 7:26 AM on October 31.
The latest sunset is 6:48 PM on October 1 and the earliest sunset is 38 minutes earlier at 6:10 PM on October 31.
Daylight saving time is observed at Los Alamos County Airport during 2019, but it neither starts nor ends during October, so the entire month is in daylight saving time.
For reference, on June 21, the longest day of the year, the Sun rises at 5:48 AM and sets 14 hours, 36 minutes later, at 8:24 PM, while on December 22, the shortest day of the year, it rises at 7:11 AM and sets 9 hours, 43 minutes later, at 4:55 PM.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time in October
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The chance that a given day will be muggy at Los Alamos County Airport is essentially constant during October, remaining around 0% throughout.
For reference, on August 26, the muggiest day of the year, there are muggy conditions 0% of the time, while on January 1, the least muggy day of the year, there are muggy conditions 0% of the time.
Humidity Comfort Levels in October
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed at Los Alamos County Airport is essentially constant during October, remaining within 0.1 miles per hour of 6.7 miles per hour throughout.
For reference, on April 11, the windiest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 8.9 miles per hour, while on August 3, the calmest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 5.1 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed in October
The hourly average wind direction at Los Alamos County Airport throughout October is predominantly from the west, with a peak proportion of 50% on October 30.
Wind Direction in October
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
The growing season at Los Alamos County Airport typically lasts for 6.2 months (190 days), from around April 20 to around October 27, rarely starting before April 3 or after May 8, and rarely ending before October 5 or after November 17.
During October at Los Alamos County Airport, the chance that a given day is within the growing season is very rapidly decreasing falling from 93% to 41% over the course of the month.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in October
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
The average accumulated growing degree days at Los Alamos County Airport are gradually increasing during October, increasing by 173°F, from 2,698°F to 2,871°F, over the course of the month.
Growing Degree Days in October
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy at Los Alamos County Airport is decreasing during October, falling by 1.3 kWh, from 5.6 kWh to 4.3 kWh, over the course of the month.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in October
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Los Alamos County Airport are 35.880 deg latitude, -106.273 deg longitude, and 7,011 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Los Alamos County Airport contains very significant variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 896 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 7,008 feet. Within 10 miles contains very significant variations in elevation (5,407 feet). Within 50 miles also contains extreme variations in elevation (7,999 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Los Alamos County Airport is covered by shrubs (91%), within 10 miles by shrubs (67%) and trees (32%), and within 50 miles by shrubs (55%) and trees (40%).
This report illustrates the typical weather at Los Alamos County Airport year round, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
Los Alamos County Airport has a weather station that reported reliably enough during the analysis period that we have included it in our network. When available, historical temperature and dew point measurements are taken directly from this weather station. These records are obtained from NOAA's Integrated Surface Hourly data set, falling back on ICAO METAR records as required.
In the case of missing or erroneous measurements from this station, we fall back on records from nearby stations, adjusted according to typical seasonal and diurnal intra-station differences. For a given day of the year and hour of the day, the fallback station is selected to minimize the prediction error over the years for which there are measurements for both stations.
The stations on which we may fall back are Santa Fe Municipal Airport, Taos Regional Airport, Double Eagle II Airport, Albuquerque International Airport, Clines Corners, Angel Fire Airport, Las Vegas Municipal Airport, and Grants-Milan Municipal Airport.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.