Average Weather in October at Sacramento Mather Airport California, United States
Daily high temperatures decrease by 13°F, from 84°F to 71°F, rarely falling below 63°F or exceeding 94°F.
Daily low temperatures decrease by 7°F, from 54°F to 47°F, rarely falling below 40°F or exceeding 60°F.
For reference, on July 19, the hottest day of the year, temperatures at Sacramento Mather Airport typically range from 59°F to 95°F, while on December 31, the coldest day of the year, they range from 38°F to 53°F.
Average High and Low Temperature in October
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the hourly average temperatures for the quarter of the year centered on October. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature in October
Valverde de Leganés, Spain (5,676 miles away); Al Jīzah, Jordan (7,375 miles); and Berrigan, Australia (7,836 miles) are the far-away foreign places with temperatures most similar to Sacramento Mather Airport (view comparison).
The month of October at Sacramento Mather Airport experiences very rapidly increasing cloud cover, with the percentage of time that the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy increasing from 21% to 38%.
The clearest day of the month is October 1, with clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy conditions 79% of the time.
For reference, on February 6, the cloudiest day of the year, the chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 56%, while on July 29, the clearest day of the year, the chance of clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy skies is 91%.
Cloud Cover Categories in October
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. At Sacramento Mather Airport, the chance of a wet day over the course of October is very rapidly increasing, starting the month at 6% and ending it at 15%.
For reference, the year's highest daily chance of a wet day is 31% on February 20, and its lowest chance is 0% on July 21.
Probability of Precipitation in October
To show variation within the month and not just the monthly total, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.
The average sliding 31-day rainfall during October at Sacramento Mather Airport is rapidly increasing, starting the month at 0.6 inches, when it rarely exceeds 1.6 inches, and ending the month at 1.9 inches, when it rarely exceeds 4.1 inches or falls below 0.2 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall in October
Over the course of October at Sacramento Mather Airport, the length of the day is rapidly decreasing. From the start to the end of the month, the length of the day decreases by 1 hour, 11 minutes, implying an average daily decrease of 2 minutes, 23 seconds, and weekly decrease of 16 minutes, 39 seconds.
The shortest day of the month is October 31, with 10 hours, 35 minutes of daylight and the longest day is October 1, with 11 hours, 47 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight in October
The earliest sunrise of the month at Sacramento Mather Airport is 7:01 AM on October 1 and the latest sunrise is 30 minutes later at 7:30 AM on October 31.
The latest sunset is 6:47 PM on October 1 and the earliest sunset is 42 minutes earlier at 6:06 PM on October 31.
Daylight saving time is observed at Sacramento Mather Airport during 2018, but it neither starts nor ends during October, so the entire month is in daylight saving time.
For reference, on June 21, the longest day of the year, the Sun rises at 5:41 AM and sets 14 hours, 52 minutes later, at 8:32 PM, while on December 21, the shortest day of the year, it rises at 7:19 AM and sets 9 hours, 28 minutes later, at 4:47 PM.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time in October
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The chance that a given day will be muggy at Sacramento Mather Airport is essentially constant during October, remaining around 0% throughout.
For reference, on July 29, the muggiest day of the year, there are muggy conditions 0% of the time, while on January 1, the least muggy day of the year, there are muggy conditions 0% of the time.
Humidity Comfort Levels in October
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed at Sacramento Mather Airport is essentially constant during October, remaining within 0.1 miles per hour of 5.5 miles per hour throughout.
For reference, on July 20, the windiest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 7.2 miles per hour, while on October 21, the calmest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 5.4 miles per hour.
The lowest daily average wind speed during October is 5.4 miles per hour on October 21.
Average Wind Speed in October
Wind Direction in October
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
The growing season at Sacramento Mather Airport typically lasts for 10 months (303 days), from around February 8 to around December 7, rarely starting after March 9, or ending before November 15.
The month of October at Sacramento Mather Airport is reliably fully within the growing season.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in October
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
The average accumulated growing degree days at Sacramento Mather Airport are increasing during October, increasing by 382°F, from 3,586°F to 3,967°F, over the course of the month.
Growing Degree Days in October
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy at Sacramento Mather Airport is rapidly decreasing during October, falling by 1.7 kWh, from 5.2 kWh to 3.5 kWh, over the course of the month.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in October
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Sacramento Mather Airport are 38.557 deg latitude, -121.298 deg longitude, and 89 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Sacramento Mather Airport is essentially flat, with a maximum elevation change of 92 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 89 feet. Within 10 miles is essentially flat (381 feet). Within 50 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (5,883 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Sacramento Mather Airport is covered by grassland (39%), artificial surfaces (39%), and cropland (22%), within 10 miles by artificial surfaces (49%) and grassland (32%), and within 50 miles by cropland (35%) and grassland (28%).
This report illustrates the typical weather at Sacramento Mather Airport year round, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
Sacramento Mather Airport has a weather station that reported reliably enough during the analysis period that we have included it in our network. When available, historical temperature and dew point measurements are taken directly from this weather station. These records are obtained from NOAA's Integrated Surface Hourly data set, falling back on ICAO METAR records as required.
In the case of missing or erroneous measurements from this station, we fall back on records from nearby stations, adjusted according to typical seasonal and diurnal intra-station differences. For a given day of the year and hour of the day, the fallback station is selected to minimize the prediction error over the years for which there are measurements for both stations.
The stations on which we may fall back include but are not limited to Mc Clellan Airfield, Sacramento Executive Airport, Sacramento International Airport, Lincoln Regional Airport, Auburn Municipal Airport, University Airport, Placerville Airport, and Beale Air Force Base.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.