Average Weather in January at Middleton Island Airport Alaska, United States
Daily high temperatures are around 39°F, rarely falling below 30°F or exceeding 44°F.
Daily low temperatures are around 34°F, rarely falling below 24°F or exceeding 40°F.
For reference, on August 1, the hottest day of the year, temperatures at Middleton Island Airport typically range from 53°F to 59°F, while on March 2, the coldest day of the year, they range from 33°F to 39°F.
Average High and Low Temperature in January
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the hourly average temperatures for the quarter of the year centered on January. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature in January
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The month of January at Middleton Island Airport experiences essentially constant cloud cover, with the percentage of time that the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy remaining about 74% throughout the month. The highest chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 75% on January 26.
The clearest day of the month is January 5, with clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy conditions 27% of the time.
For reference, on January 26, the cloudiest day of the year, the chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 75%, while on August 24, the clearest day of the year, the chance of clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy skies is 40%.
Cloud Cover Categories in January
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. At Middleton Island Airport, the chance of a wet day over the course of January is gradually decreasing, starting the month at 51% and ending it at 48%.
For reference, the year's highest daily chance of a wet day is 53% on October 4, and its lowest chance is 26% on July 7.
Over the course of January at Middleton Island Airport, the chance of a day with only rain decreases from 47% to 44%, the chance of a day with mixed snow and rain remains an essentially constant 3% throughout, and the chance of a day with only snow remains an essentially constant 2% throughout.
Probability of Precipitation in January
To show variation within the month and not just the monthly total, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.
The average sliding 31-day rainfall during January at Middleton Island Airport is decreasing, starting the month at 5.4 inches, when it rarely exceeds 9.0 inches or falls below 2.6 inches, and ending the month at 4.7 inches, when it rarely exceeds 7.1 inches or falls below 2.0 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall in January
We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. As with rainfall, we consider the liquid-equivalent snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.
The average sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall during January at Middleton Island Airport is essentially constant, remaining about 0.2 inches throughout, and rarely exceeding 0.6 inches or falling below -0.0 inches.
The highest average 31-day liquid-equivalent accumulation is 0.2 inches on January 13.
Average Monthly Liquid-Equivalent Snowfall in January
Over the course of January at Middleton Island Airport, the length of the day is rapidly increasing. From the start to the end of the month, the length of the day increases by 1 hour, 50 minutes, implying an average daily increase of 3 minutes, 39 seconds, and weekly increase of 25 minutes, 35 seconds.
The shortest day of the month is January 1, with 6 hours, 13 minutes of daylight and the longest day is January 31, with 8 hours, 3 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight in January
The latest sunrise of the month at Middleton Island Airport is 9:42 AM on January 1 and the earliest sunrise is 45 minutes earlier at 8:57 AM on January 31.
The earliest sunset is 3:55 PM on January 1 and the latest sunset is 1 hour, 5 minutes later at 5:00 PM on January 31.
Daylight saving time is observed at Middleton Island Airport during 2018, but it neither starts nor ends during January, so the entire month is in standard time.
For reference, on June 21, the longest day of the year, the Sun rises at 4:27 AM and sets 18 hours, 40 minutes later, at 11:07 PM, while on December 21, the shortest day of the year, it rises at 9:42 AM and sets 6 hours, 3 minutes later, at 3:44 PM.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in January
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The chance that a given day will be muggy at Middleton Island Airport is essentially constant during January, remaining around 0% throughout.
Humidity Comfort Levels in January
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed at Middleton Island Airport is gradually decreasing during January, decreasing from 19.3 miles per hour to 18.5 miles per hour over the course of the month.
For reference, on January 8, the windiest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 19.4 miles per hour, while on July 17, the calmest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 10.4 miles per hour.
The highest daily average wind speed during January is 19.4 miles per hour on January 8.
Average Wind Speed in January
Wind Direction in January
Middleton Island Airport is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.
The average surface water temperature at Middleton Island Airport is essentially constant during January, remaining within 1°F of 42°F throughout.
Average Water Temperature in January
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
The growing season at Middleton Island Airport typically lasts for 7.4 months (225 days), from around April 2 to around November 13, rarely starting before March 6 or after April 25, and rarely ending before October 20 or after December 19.
The month of January at Middleton Island Airport is very likely fully outside of the growing season, with the chance that a given day is in the growing season gradually decreasing from 4% to 0% over the course of the month.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in January
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
The average accumulated growing degree days at Middleton Island Airport are essentially constant during January, remaining around 0°F throughout.
Growing Degree Days in January
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy at Middleton Island Airport is essentially constant during January, remaining within 0.1 kWh of 0.3 kWh throughout.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in January
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Middleton Island Airport are 59.450 deg latitude, -146.309 deg longitude, and 0 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Middleton Island Airport contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 118 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 9 feet. Within 10 miles also contains only modest variations in elevation (135 feet). Within 50 miles also contains only modest variations in elevation (210 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Middleton Island Airport is covered by water (81%) and shrubs (12%), within 10 miles by water (99%), and within 50 miles by water (100%).
This report illustrates the typical weather at Middleton Island Airport year round, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
Middleton Island Airport has a weather station that reported reliably enough during the analysis period that we have included it in our network. When available, historical temperature and dew point measurements are taken directly from this weather station. These records are obtained from NOAA's Integrated Surface Hourly data set, falling back on ICAO METAR records as required.
In the case of missing or erroneous measurements from this station, we fall back on records from nearby stations, adjusted according to typical seasonal and diurnal intra-station differences. For a given day of the year and hour of the day, the fallback station is selected to minimize the prediction error over the years for which there are measurements for both stations.
In this case, the only station close and reliable enough to use as a fallback is Merle K. (Mudhole) Smith Airport.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.