Average Weather in October at Palmer Municipal Airport Alaska, United States
Daily high temperatures decrease by 15°F, from 50°F to 34°F, rarely falling below 22°F or exceeding 56°F.
Daily low temperatures decrease by 14°F, from 36°F to 22°F, rarely falling below 8°F or exceeding 44°F.
For reference, on July 14, the hottest day of the year, temperatures at Palmer Municipal Airport typically range from 51°F to 67°F, while on January 16, the coldest day of the year, they range from 11°F to 23°F.
Average High and Low Temperature in October
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the hourly average temperatures for the quarter of the year centered on October. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature in October
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The month of October at Palmer Municipal Airport experiences gradually decreasing cloud cover, with the percentage of time that the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy decreasing from 63% to 57%.
The clearest day of the month is October 31, with clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy conditions 43% of the time.
For reference, on July 11, the cloudiest day of the year, the chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 68%, while on March 16, the clearest day of the year, the chance of clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy skies is 47%.
Cloud Cover Categories in October
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. At Palmer Municipal Airport, the chance of a wet day over the course of October is very rapidly decreasing, starting the month at 48% and ending it at 32%.
For reference, the year's highest daily chance of a wet day is 49% on September 24, and its lowest chance is 19% on March 28.
Over the course of October at Palmer Municipal Airport, the chance of a day with only rain decreases from 45% to 15%, the chance of a day with mixed snow and rain increases from 2% to 7%, and the chance of a day with only snow increases from 0% to 9%.
Probability of Precipitation in October
To show variation within the month and not just the monthly total, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.
The average sliding 31-day rainfall during October at Palmer Municipal Airport is very rapidly decreasing, starting the month at 3.7 inches, when it rarely exceeds 5.9 inches or falls below 1.7 inches, and ending the month at 1.5 inches, when it rarely exceeds 3.0 inches or falls below 0.3 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall in October
We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. As with rainfall, we consider the liquid-equivalent snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.
The average sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall during October at Palmer Municipal Airport is increasing, starting the month at 0.1 inches, when it rarely exceeds 0.4 inches, and ending the month at 0.7 inches, when it rarely exceeds 1.6 inches or falls below 0.2 inches.
Average Monthly Liquid-Equivalent Snowfall in October
Over the course of October at Palmer Municipal Airport, the length of the day is very rapidly decreasing. From the start to the end of the month, the length of the day decreases by 2 hours, 52 minutes, implying an average daily decrease of 5 minutes, 44 seconds, and weekly decrease of 40 minutes, 6 seconds.
The shortest day of the month is October 31, with 8 hours, 31 minutes of daylight and the longest day is October 1, with 11 hours, 23 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight in October
The earliest sunrise of the month at Palmer Municipal Airport is 8:03 AM on October 1 and the latest sunrise is 1 hour, 20 minutes later at 9:23 AM on October 31.
The latest sunset is 7:26 PM on October 1 and the earliest sunset is 1 hour, 32 minutes earlier at 5:55 PM on October 31.
Daylight saving time is observed at Palmer Municipal Airport during 2018, but it neither starts nor ends during October, so the entire month is in daylight saving time.
For reference, on June 21, the longest day of the year, the Sun rises at 4:11 AM and sets 19 hours, 33 minutes later, at 11:44 PM, while on December 21, the shortest day of the year, it rises at 10:15 AM and sets 5 hours, 18 minutes later, at 3:33 PM.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time in October
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The chance that a given day will be muggy at Palmer Municipal Airport is essentially constant during October, remaining around 0% throughout.
Humidity Comfort Levels in October
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed at Palmer Municipal Airport is essentially constant during October, remaining within 0.2 miles per hour of 5.7 miles per hour throughout.
For reference, on January 8, the windiest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 7.7 miles per hour, while on June 26, the calmest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 3.7 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed in October
Wind Direction in October
Palmer Municipal Airport is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.
The average surface water temperature at Palmer Municipal Airport is decreasing during October, falling by 7°F, from 45°F to 38°F, over the course of the month.
Average Water Temperature in October
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
The growing season at Palmer Municipal Airport typically lasts for 4.7 months (143 days), from around May 3 to around September 24, rarely starting before April 18 or after May 19, and rarely ending before September 6 or after October 10.
The month of October at Palmer Municipal Airport is more likely than not fully outside of the growing season, with the chance that a given day is in the growing season rapidly decreasing from 29% to -0% over the course of the month.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in October
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
The average accumulated growing degree days at Palmer Municipal Airport are essentially constant during October, remaining within 3°F of 812°F throughout.
Growing Degree Days in October
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy at Palmer Municipal Airport is decreasing during October, falling by 1.0 kWh, from 1.9 kWh to 0.9 kWh, over the course of the month.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in October
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Palmer Municipal Airport are 61.601 deg latitude, -149.092 deg longitude, and 230 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Palmer Municipal Airport contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 440 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 250 feet. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (6,283 feet). Within 50 miles also contains extreme variations in elevation (13,104 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Palmer Municipal Airport is covered by shrubs (33%), sparse vegetation (32%), bare soil (12%), and trees (11%), within 10 miles by trees (37%) and shrubs (22%), and within 50 miles by trees (21%) and shrubs (21%).
This report illustrates the typical weather at Palmer Municipal Airport year round, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
Palmer Municipal Airport has a weather station that reported reliably enough during the analysis period that we have included it in our network. When available, historical temperature and dew point measurements are taken directly from this weather station. These records are obtained from NOAA's Integrated Surface Hourly data set, falling back on ICAO METAR records as required.
In the case of missing or erroneous measurements from this station, we fall back on records from nearby stations, adjusted according to typical seasonal and diurnal intra-station differences. For a given day of the year and hour of the day, the fallback station is selected to minimize the prediction error over the years for which there are measurements for both stations.
The stations on which we may fall back include but are not limited to New Wasilla Airport; Birchwood Airport; Bryant Army Heliport; Elmendorf Air Force Base; Portage, Portage Glacier; Merrill Field Airport; Whittier Airport; and Lake Hood Seaplane Base.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.