Average Weather in July at Merrill Field Airport Alaska, United States
Daily high temperatures are around 67°F, rarely falling below 60°F or exceeding 74°F. The highest daily average high temperature is 67°F on July 21.
Daily low temperatures are around 54°F, rarely falling below 49°F or exceeding 59°F. The highest daily average low temperature is 55°F on July 20.
For reference, on July 20, the hottest day of the year, temperatures at Merrill Field Airport typically range from 55°F to 67°F, while on January 17, the coldest day of the year, they range from 12°F to 23°F.
Average High and Low Temperature in July
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the hourly average temperatures for the quarter of the year centered on July. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature in July
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
Lena, Norway (3,957 miles away); Roknäs, Sweden (3,684 miles); and Petrozavodsk, Russia (3,940 miles) are the far-away foreign places with temperatures most similar to Merrill Field Airport (view comparison).
The month of July at Merrill Field Airport experiences essentially constant cloud cover, with the percentage of time that the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy remaining about 61% throughout the month. The highest chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 62% on July 10.
The clearest day of the month is July 31, with clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy conditions 40% of the time.
For reference, on December 18, the cloudiest day of the year, the chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 63%, while on March 16, the clearest day of the year, the chance of clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy skies is 48%.
Cloud Cover Categories in July
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. At Merrill Field Airport, the chance of a wet day over the course of July is very rapidly increasing, starting the month at 23% and ending it at 34%.
For reference, the year's highest daily chance of a wet day is 40% on September 27, and its lowest chance is 13% on March 28.
Probability of Precipitation in July
To show variation within the month and not just the monthly total, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.
The average sliding 31-day rainfall during July at Merrill Field Airport is increasing, starting the month at 1.9 inches, when it rarely exceeds 3.3 inches or falls below 0.7 inches, and ending the month at 2.7 inches, when it rarely exceeds 4.4 inches or falls below 1.3 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall in July
Over the course of July at Merrill Field Airport, the length of the day is very rapidly decreasing. From the start to the end of the month, the length of the day decreases by 2 hours, 0 minutes, implying an average daily decrease of 4 minutes, 0 seconds, and weekly decrease of 28 minutes, 1 second.
The shortest day of the month is July 31, with 17 hours, 12 minutes of daylight and the longest day is July 1, with 19 hours, 12 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight in July
The earliest sunrise of the month at Merrill Field Airport is 4:26 AM on July 1 and the latest sunrise is 1 hour, 2 minutes later at 5:28 AM on July 31.
The latest sunset is 11:38 PM on July 1 and the earliest sunset is 58 minutes earlier at 10:40 PM on July 31.
Daylight saving time is observed at Merrill Field Airport during 2019, but it neither starts nor ends during July, so the entire month is in daylight saving time.
For reference, on June 21, the longest day of the year, the Sun rises at 4:19 AM and sets 19 hours, 23 minutes later, at 11:42 PM, while on December 22, the shortest day of the year, it rises at 10:14 AM and sets 5 hours, 27 minutes later, at 3:41 PM.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in July
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The chance that a given day will be muggy at Merrill Field Airport is essentially constant during July, remaining around 0% throughout.
For reference, on June 19, the muggiest day of the year, there are muggy conditions 0% of the time, while on January 1, the least muggy day of the year, there are muggy conditions 0% of the time.
Humidity Comfort Levels in July
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed at Merrill Field Airport is essentially constant during July, remaining within 0.1 miles per hour of 4.4 miles per hour throughout.
For reference, on January 8, the windiest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 6.6 miles per hour, while on July 6, the calmest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 4.2 miles per hour.
The lowest daily average wind speed during July is 4.2 miles per hour on July 6.
Average Wind Speed in July
Wind Direction in July
Merrill Field Airport is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.
The average surface water temperature at Merrill Field Airport is increasing during July, rising by 4°F, from 50°F to 54°F, over the course of the month.
Average Water Temperature in July
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
The growing season at Merrill Field Airport typically lasts for 5.0 months (155 days), from around April 26 to around September 28, rarely starting before April 10 or after May 13, and rarely ending before September 10 or after October 15.
The month of July at Merrill Field Airport is reliably fully within the growing season.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in July
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
The average accumulated growing degree days at Merrill Field Airport are increasing during July, increasing by 301°F, from 311°F to 612°F, over the course of the month.
Growing Degree Days in July
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy at Merrill Field Airport is gradually decreasing during July, falling by 0.9 kWh, from 5.6 kWh to 4.7 kWh, over the course of the month.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in July
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Merrill Field Airport are 61.217 deg latitude, -149.838 deg longitude, and 138 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Merrill Field Airport contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 226 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 120 feet. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (4,606 feet). Within 50 miles also contains extreme variations in elevation (7,940 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Merrill Field Airport is covered by artificial surfaces (67%) and sparse vegetation (29%), within 10 miles by trees (24%) and water (21%), and within 50 miles by trees (31%) and shrubs (21%).
This report illustrates the typical weather at Merrill Field Airport year round, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
Merrill Field Airport has a weather station that reported reliably enough during the analysis period that we have included it in our network. When available, historical temperature and dew point measurements are taken directly from this weather station. These records are obtained from NOAA's Integrated Surface Hourly data set, falling back on ICAO METAR records as required.
In the case of missing or erroneous measurements from this station, we fall back on records from nearby stations, adjusted according to typical seasonal and diurnal intra-station differences. For a given day of the year and hour of the day, the fallback station is selected to minimize the prediction error over the years for which there are measurements for both stations.
The stations on which we may fall back include but are not limited to Elmendorf Air Force Base; Lake Hood Seaplane Base; Anchorage International Airport; Bryant Army Heliport; Birchwood Airport; New Wasilla Airport; Palmer Municipal Airport; and Portage, Portage Glacier.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.