Average Weather in December at Galena Airport Alaska, United States
Daily high temperatures decrease by 4°F, from 6°F to 2°F, rarely falling below -25°F or exceeding 26°F.
Daily low temperatures decrease by 4°F, from -8°F to -13°F, rarely falling below -41°F or exceeding 15°F.
For reference, on June 30, the hottest day of the year, temperatures at Galena Airport typically range from 52°F to 70°F, while on January 19, the coldest day of the year, they range from -15°F to 0°F.
Average High and Low Temperature in December
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the hourly average temperatures for the quarter of the year centered on December. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature in December
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The month of December at Galena Airport experiences essentially constant cloud cover, with the percentage of time that the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy remaining about 73% throughout the month. The highest chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 74% on December 17.
The clearest day of the month is December 31, with clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy conditions 29% of the time.
For reference, on December 17, the cloudiest day of the year, the chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 74%, while on May 28, the clearest day of the year, the chance of clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy skies is 42%.
Cloud Cover Categories in December
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. At Galena Airport, the chance of a wet day over the course of December is gradually increasing, starting the month at 15% and ending it at 18%.
For reference, the year's highest daily chance of a wet day is 39% on August 2, and its lowest chance is 8% on March 25.
Over the course of December at Galena Airport, the chance of a day with only rain remains an essentially constant 0% throughout, the chance of a day with mixed snow and rain remains an essentially constant 1% throughout, and the chance of a day with only snow remains an essentially constant 15% throughout.
Probability of Precipitation in December
We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. As with rainfall, we consider the liquid-equivalent snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.
The average sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall during December at Galena Airport is essentially constant, remaining about 0.7 inches throughout, and rarely exceeding 1.6 inches or falling below 0.1 inches.
The highest average 31-day liquid-equivalent accumulation is 0.8 inches on December 29.
Average Monthly Liquid-Equivalent Snowfall in December
Over the course of December at Galena Airport, the length of the day is decreasing. From the start to the end of the month, the length of the day decreases by 44 minutes, implying an average daily decrease of 1 minute, 28 seconds, and weekly decrease of 10 minutes, 15 seconds.
The shortest day of the month is December 21, with 3 hours, 45 minutes of daylight and the longest day is December 1, with 4 hours, 44 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight in December
The earliest sunrise of the month at Galena Airport is 10:54 AM on December 1 and the latest sunrise is 40 minutes later at 11:34 AM on December 24.
The latest sunset is 3:38 PM on December 1 and the earliest sunset is 21 minutes earlier at 3:17 PM on December 18.
Daylight saving time is observed at Galena Airport during 2019, but it neither starts nor ends during December, so the entire month is in standard time.
For reference, on June 21, the longest day of the year, the Sun rises at 3:37 AM and sets 21 hours, 44 minutes later, at 1:21 AM, while on December 22, the shortest day of the year, it rises at 11:33 AM and sets 3 hours, 45 minutes later, at 3:19 PM.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time in December
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The chance that a given day will be muggy at Galena Airport is essentially constant during December, remaining around 0% throughout.
For reference, on July 23, the muggiest day of the year, there are muggy conditions 0% of the time, while on January 1, the least muggy day of the year, there are muggy conditions 0% of the time.
Humidity Comfort Levels in December
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed at Galena Airport is essentially constant during December, remaining within 0.2 miles per hour of 6.0 miles per hour throughout.
For reference, on February 13, the windiest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 6.5 miles per hour, while on June 30, the calmest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 4.0 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed in December
Wind Direction in December
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
The growing season at Galena Airport typically lasts for 3.6 months (111 days), from around May 18 to around September 6, rarely starting before May 1 or after June 5, and rarely ending before August 17 or after September 26.
The month of December at Galena Airport is reliably fully outside of the growing season.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in December
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
The average accumulated growing degree days at Galena Airport are essentially constant during December, remaining around 912°F throughout.
Growing Degree Days in December
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy at Galena Airport is essentially constant during December, remaining around 0.1 kWh throughout.
The lowest average daily incident shortwave solar energy during December is 0.0 kWh on December 22.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in December
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Galena Airport are 64.736 deg latitude, -156.937 deg longitude, and 128 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Galena Airport is essentially flat, with a maximum elevation change of 16 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 127 feet. Within 10 miles is essentially flat (341 feet). Within 50 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (3,087 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Galena Airport is covered by trees (48%), water (23%), and shrubs (15%), within 10 miles by shrubs (40%) and herbaceous vegetation (24%), and within 50 miles by trees (49%) and shrubs (28%).
This report illustrates the typical weather at Galena Airport year round, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
Galena Airport has a weather station that reported reliably enough during the analysis period that we have included it in our network. When available, historical temperature and dew point measurements are taken directly from this weather station. These records are obtained from NOAA's Integrated Surface Hourly data set, falling back on ICAO METAR records as required.
In the case of missing or erroneous measurements from this station, we fall back on records from nearby stations, adjusted according to typical seasonal and diurnal intra-station differences. For a given day of the year and hour of the day, the fallback station is selected to minimize the prediction error over the years for which there are measurements for both stations.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.