Average Weather in May at Molokai Airport Hawaii, United States
Daily high temperatures increase by 2°F, from 80°F to 82°F, rarely falling below 76°F or exceeding 85°F.
Daily low temperatures increase by 2°F, from 68°F to 70°F, rarely falling below 64°F or exceeding 73°F.
For reference, on August 24, the hottest day of the year, temperatures at Molokai Airport typically range from 73°F to 85°F, while on January 23, the coldest day of the year, they range from 65°F to 77°F.
Average High and Low Temperature in May
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the hourly average temperatures for the quarter of the year centered on May. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature in May
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The month of May at Molokai Airport experiences gradually decreasing cloud cover, with the percentage of time that the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy decreasing from 32% to 27%.
The clearest day of the month is May 31, with clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy conditions 73% of the time.
For reference, on October 31, the cloudiest day of the year, the chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 41%, while on January 18, the clearest day of the year, the chance of clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy skies is 79%.
Cloud Cover Categories in May
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. At Molokai Airport, the chance of a wet day over the course of May is rapidly decreasing, starting the month at 17% and ending it at 10%.
For reference, the year's highest daily chance of a wet day is 26% on January 14, and its lowest chance is 9% on June 20.
Probability of Precipitation in May
To show variation within the month and not just the monthly total, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.
The average sliding 31-day rainfall during May at Molokai Airport is decreasing, starting the month at 1.4 inches, when it rarely exceeds 3.4 inches, and ending the month at 0.5 inches, when it rarely exceeds 1.3 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall in May
Over the course of May at Molokai Airport, the length of the day is gradually increasing. From the start to the end of the month, the length of the day increases by 24 minutes, implying an average daily increase of 48 seconds, and weekly increase of 5 minutes, 37 seconds.
The shortest day of the month is May 1, with 12 hours, 56 minutes of daylight and the longest day is May 31, with 13 hours, 20 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight in May
The latest sunrise of the month at Molokai Airport is 5:57 AM on May 1 and the earliest sunrise is 11 minutes earlier at 5:46 AM on May 31.
The earliest sunset is 6:53 PM on May 1 and the latest sunset is 13 minutes later at 7:06 PM on May 31.
Daylight saving time is not observed at Molokai Airport during 2019.
For reference, on June 21, the longest day of the year, the Sun rises at 5:47 AM and sets 13 hours, 25 minutes later, at 7:12 PM, while on December 22, the shortest day of the year, it rises at 7:01 AM and sets 10 hours, 51 minutes later, at 5:52 PM.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in May
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The chance that a given day will be muggy at Molokai Airport is very rapidly increasing during May, rising from 29% to 50% over the course of the month.
For reference, on August 13, the muggiest day of the year, there are muggy conditions 82% of the time, while on March 7, the least muggy day of the year, there are muggy conditions 20% of the time.
Humidity Comfort Levels in May
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed at Molokai Airport is essentially constant during May, remaining within 0.5 miles per hour of 14.1 miles per hour throughout.
For reference, on July 3, the windiest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 16.1 miles per hour, while on January 10, the calmest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 12.0 miles per hour.
The lowest daily average wind speed during May is 13.7 miles per hour on May 19.
Average Wind Speed in May
Wind Direction in May
Molokai Airport is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.
The average surface water temperature at Molokai Airport is essentially constant during May, remaining within 1°F of 77°F throughout.
Average Water Temperature in May
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
Temperatures at Molokai Airport are sufficiently warm year round that it is not entirely meaningful to discuss the growing season in these terms. We nevertheless include the chart below as an illustration of the distribution of temperatures experienced throughout the year.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in May
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
The average accumulated growing degree days at Molokai Airport are rapidly increasing during May, increasing by 722°F, from 2,536°F to 3,258°F, over the course of the month.
Growing Degree Days in May
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy at Molokai Airport is essentially constant during May, remaining within 0.2 kWh of 7.4 kWh throughout.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in May
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Molokai Airport are 21.152 deg latitude, -157.097 deg longitude, and 430 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Molokai Airport contains significant variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 528 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 425 feet. Within 10 miles contains significant variations in elevation (3,186 feet). Within 50 miles contains large variations in elevation (5,810 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Molokai Airport is covered by grassland (42%), shrubs (29%), artificial surfaces (15%), and cropland (15%), within 10 miles by water (55%) and shrubs (21%), and within 50 miles by water (91%).
This report illustrates the typical weather at Molokai Airport year round, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
Molokai Airport has a weather station that reported reliably enough during the analysis period that we have included it in our network. When available, historical temperature and dew point measurements are taken directly from this weather station. These records are obtained from NOAA's Integrated Surface Hourly data set, falling back on ICAO METAR records as required.
In the case of missing or erroneous measurements from this station, we fall back on records from nearby stations, adjusted according to typical seasonal and diurnal intra-station differences. For a given day of the year and hour of the day, the fallback station is selected to minimize the prediction error over the years for which there are measurements for both stations.
The stations on which we may fall back are Lanai Airport, Kahului Airport, Marine Corps Air Station Kaneohe Bay, Honolulu International Airport, Kalaeloa Airport (John Rodgers Field), Kalaeloa Airport, and Wheeler Army Airfield.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.