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Average Weather in September at Wales Airport Alaska, United States

Daily high temperatures decrease by 8°F, from 49°F to 41°F, rarely falling below 35°F or exceeding 55°F.

Daily low temperatures decrease by 8°F, from 43°F to 35°F, rarely falling below 29°F or exceeding 48°F.

For reference, on July 27, the hottest day of the year, temperatures at Wales Airport typically range from 45°F to 52°F, while on January 21, the coldest day of the year, they range from -5°F to 7°F.

Average High and Low Temperature in September

The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the hourly average temperatures for the quarter of the year centered on September. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature in September

Average Hourly Temperature in September at Wales Airport1815222911223344556677889910101111121213131414151516161717181819192020212122222323242425252626272728282929303012 AM4 AM8 AM12 PM4 PM8 PM12 AMAugOctfreezingvery coldcold
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < very cold < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Terskol, Russia (4,743 miles away) is the far-away foreign place with temperatures most similar to Wales Airport (view comparison).

Clouds

The month of September at Wales Airport experiences essentially constant cloud cover, with the percentage of time that the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy remaining about 64% throughout the month.

The clearest day of the month is September 26, with clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy conditions 37% of the time.

For reference, on December 28, the cloudiest day of the year, the chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 85%, while on October 4, the clearest day of the year, the chance of clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy skies is 37%.

Cloud Cover Categories in September

Cloud Cover Categories in September at Wales Airport181522291122334455667788991010111112121313141415151616171718181919202021212222232324242525262627272828292930300%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%AugOctSep 134%Sep 134%Sep 3037%Sep 3037%Sep 1135%Sep 1135%Sep 2137%Sep 2137%clearmostly clearpartly cloudymostly cloudyovercast
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds: clear < 20% < mostly clear < 40% < partly cloudy < 60% < mostly cloudy < 80% < overcast.

Precipitation

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. At Wales Airport, the chance of a wet day over the course of September is rapidly decreasing, starting the month at 28% and ending it at 21%.

For reference, the year's highest daily chance of a wet day is 31% on August 7, and its lowest chance is 10% on March 23.

Over the course of September at Wales Airport, the chance of a day with only rain decreases from 27% to 20%, the chance of a day with mixed snow and rain remains an essentially constant 1% throughout, and the chance of a day with only snow remains an essentially constant 0% throughout.

Probability of Precipitation in September

The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the month and not just the monthly total, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.

The average sliding 31-day rainfall during September at Wales Airport is decreasing, starting the month at 2.1 inches, when it rarely exceeds 3.8 inches or falls below 0.7 inches, and ending the month at 1.3 inches, when it rarely exceeds 2.3 inches or falls below 0.4 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall in September

The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Sun

Over the course of September at Wales Airport, the length of the day is very rapidly decreasing. From the start to the end of the month, the length of the day decreases by 3 hours, 20 minutes, implying an average daily decrease of 6 minutes, 54 seconds, and weekly decrease of 48 minutes, 20 seconds.

The shortest day of the month is September 30, with 11 hours, 22 minutes of daylight and the longest day is September 1, with 14 hours, 42 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight in September

Hours of Daylight and Twilight in September at Wales Airport181522291122334455667788991010111112121313141415151616171718181919202021212222232324242525262627272828292930300 hr24 hr4 hr20 hr8 hr16 hr12 hr12 hr16 hr8 hr20 hr4 hr24 hr0 hrAugOctSep 2212 hr, 17 minSep 2212 hr, 17 minnightnightdaydaySep 114 hr, 42 minSep 114 hr, 42 min
The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise of the month at Wales Airport is 7:50 AM on September 1 and the latest sunrise is 1 hour, 30 minutes later at 9:20 AM on September 30.

The latest sunset is 10:32 PM on September 1 and the earliest sunset is 1 hour, 50 minutes earlier at 8:42 PM on September 30.

Daylight saving time is observed at Wales Airport during 2018, but it neither starts nor ends during September, so the entire month is in daylight saving time.

For reference, on June 21, the longest day of the year, the Sun rises at 3:35 AM and sets 23 hours, 17 minutes later, at 2:52 AM, while on December 21, the shortest day of the year, it rises at 12:37 PM and sets 3 hours, 7 minutes later, at 3:43 PM.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in September

The solar day over the course of September. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

The chance that a given day will be muggy at Wales Airport is essentially constant during September, remaining around 0% throughout.

For reference, on July 27, the muggiest day of the year, there are muggy conditions 0% of the time, while on January 1, the least muggy day of the year, there are muggy conditions 0% of the time.

Humidity Comfort Levels in September

The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point: dry < 55°F < comfortable < 60°F < humid < 65°F < muggy < 70°F < oppressive < 75°F < miserable.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed at Wales Airport is increasing during September, increasing from 13.8 miles per hour to 15.7 miles per hour over the course of the month.

For reference, on December 4, the windiest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 18.6 miles per hour, while on June 29, the calmest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 11.0 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed in September

The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.
The hourly average wind direction at Wales Airport throughout September is predominantly from the north, with a peak proportion of 52% on September 15.

Wind Direction in September

Wind Direction in September at Wales Airport181522291122334455667788991010111112121313141415151616171718181919202021212222232324242525262627272828292930300%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%AugOctsoutheastnorthwest
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions (north, east, south, and west), excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Water Temperature

Wales Airport is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.

The average surface water temperature at Wales Airport is decreasing during September, falling by 4°F, from 45°F to 41°F, over the course of the month.

Average Water Temperature in September

The daily average water temperature (purple line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Growing Season

Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

The growing season at Wales Airport typically lasts for 3.6 months (110 days), from around June 10 to around September 29, rarely starting before May 26 or after June 25, and rarely ending before September 12 or after October 15.

During September at Wales Airport, the chance that a given day is within the growing season is very rapidly decreasing falling from 98% to 46% over the course of the month.

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in September

Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in September at Wales Airportgrowing season181522291122334455667788991010111112121313141415151616171718181919202021212222232324242525262627272828292930300%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%AugOct98%Sep 198%Sep 1Sep 3046%Sep 3046%91%Sep 1191%Sep 1172%Sep 2172%Sep 21Oct 1510%Oct 1510%Aug 2100%Aug 2100%freezingvery coldcoldcoolfrigid
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < very cold < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.

Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.

The average accumulated growing degree days at Wales Airport are essentially constant during September, remaining within 3°F of 75°F throughout.

Growing Degree Days in September

The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of September, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy at Wales Airport is decreasing during September, falling by 1.3 kWh, from 2.7 kWh to 1.4 kWh, over the course of the month.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in September

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in September at Wales Airport181522291122334455667788991010111112121313141415151616171718181919202021212222232324242525262627272828292930300.0 kWh0.5 kWh1.0 kWh1.5 kWh2.0 kWh2.5 kWh3.0 kWh3.5 kWh4.0 kWh4.5 kWh5.0 kWh5.5 kWh6.0 kWhAugOctSep 12.7 kWhSep 12.7 kWhSep 301.4 kWhSep 301.4 kWhSep 112.3 kWhSep 112.3 kWhSep 211.8 kWhSep 211.8 kWh
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Wales Airport are 65.617 deg latitude, -168.095 deg longitude, and 0 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Wales Airport contains very significant variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 1,283 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 113 feet. Within 10 miles contains very significant variations in elevation (2,241 feet). Within 50 miles also contains large variations in elevation (2,877 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Wales Airport is covered by water (46%), sparse vegetation (28%), and herbaceous vegetation (11%), within 10 miles by water (74%), and within 50 miles by water (82%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather at Wales Airport year round, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

Wales Airport has a weather station that reported reliably enough during the analysis period that we have included it in our network. When available, historical temperature and dew point measurements are taken directly from this weather station. These records are obtained from NOAA's Integrated Surface Hourly data set, falling back on ICAO METAR records as required.

In the case of missing or erroneous measurements from this station, we fall back on records from nearby stations, adjusted according to typical seasonal and diurnal intra-station differences. For a given day of the year and hour of the day, the fallback station is selected to minimize the prediction error over the years for which there are measurements for both stations.

The stations on which we may fall back are Tin City LRRS Airport, Teller Airport, Shishmaref Airport, and Nome Airport.

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.