January Weather in Gwangju South Korea
Daily high temperatures are around 40°F, rarely falling below 30°F or exceeding 51°F. The lowest daily average high temperature is 40°F on January 19.
Daily low temperatures are around 24°F, rarely falling below 15°F or exceeding 33°F. The lowest daily average low temperature is 24°F on January 19.
For reference, on August 4, the hottest day of the year, temperatures in Gwangju typically range from 74°F to 88°F, while on January 19, the coldest day of the year, they range from 24°F to 40°F.
Average High and Low Temperature in January in Gwangju
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the hourly average temperatures for the quarter of the year centered on January. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature in January in Gwangju
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The month of January in Gwangju experiences essentially constant cloud cover, with the percentage of time that the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy remaining about 46% throughout the month. The highest chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 49% on January 16.
The clearest day of the month is January 1, with clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy conditions 57% of the time.
For reference, on July 2, the cloudiest day of the year, the chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 64%, while on October 22, the clearest day of the year, the chance of clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy skies is 70%.
Cloud Cover Categories in January in Gwangju
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. In Gwangju, the chance of a wet day over the course of January is increasing, starting the month at 9% and ending it at 13%.
For reference, the year's highest daily chance of a wet day is 50% on July 8, and its lowest chance is 9% on January 1.
Over the course of January in Gwangju, the chance of a day with only rain increases from 6% to 9%, the chance of a day with mixed snow and rain remains an essentially constant 2% throughout, and the chance of a day with only snow remains an essentially constant 2% throughout.
Probability of Precipitation in January in Gwangju
To show variation within the month and not just the monthly total, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.
The average sliding 31-day rainfall during January in Gwangju is gradually increasing, starting the month at 0.7 inches, when it rarely exceeds 1.7 inches, and ending the month at 1.1 inches, when it rarely exceeds 2.3 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall in January in Gwangju
As with rainfall, we consider the snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.
The average sliding 31-day snowfall during January in Gwangju is essentially constant, remaining about 1.2 inches throughout, and rarely exceeding 3.3 inches or falling below -0.0 inches.
The highest average 31-day accumulation is 1.3 inches on January 18.
Average Monthly Snowfall in January in Gwangju
Over the course of January in Gwangju, the length of the day is increasing. From the start to the end of the month, the length of the day increases by 36 minutes, implying an average daily increase of 1 minute, 13 seconds, and weekly increase of 8 minutes, 28 seconds.
The shortest day of the month is January 1, with 9 hours, 50 minutes of daylight and the longest day is January 31, with 10 hours, 26 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight in January in Gwangju
The latest sunrise of the month in Gwangju is 7:41 AM on January 7 and the earliest sunrise is 9 minutes earlier at 7:32 AM on January 31.
The earliest sunset is 5:30 PM on January 1 and the latest sunset is 28 minutes later at 5:59 PM on January 31.
Daylight saving time is not observed in Gwangju during 2023.
For reference, on June 21, the longest day of the year, the Sun rises at 5:18 AM and sets 14 hours, 32 minutes later, at 7:49 PM, while on December 22, the shortest day of the year, it rises at 7:36 AM and sets 9 hours, 47 minutes later, at 5:24 PM.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in January in Gwangju
The figure below presents a compact representation of the sun's elevation (the angle of the sun above the horizon) and azimuth (its compass bearing) for every hour of every day in the reporting period. The horizontal axis is the day of the year and the vertical axis is the hour of the day. For a given day and hour of that day, the background color indicates the azimuth of the sun at that moment. The black isolines are contours of constant solar elevation.
Solar Elevation and Azimuth in January in Gwangju
The figure below presents a compact representation of key lunar data for January 2023. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the colored areas indicate when the moon is above the horizon. The vertical gray bars (new Moons) and blue bars (full Moons) indicate key Moon phases. The label associated with each bar indicates the date and time that the phase is obtained, and the companion time labels indicate the rise and set times of the Moon for the nearest time interval in which the moon is above the horizon.
Moon Rise, Set & Phases in January in Gwangju
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The chance that a given day will be muggy in Gwangju is essentially constant during January, remaining around 0% throughout.
For reference, on August 2, the muggiest day of the year, there are muggy conditions 96% of the time, while on January 1, the least muggy day of the year, there are muggy conditions 0% of the time.
Humidity Comfort Levels in January in Gwangju
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Gwangju is essentially constant during January, remaining within 0.2 miles per hour of 9.4 miles per hour throughout.
For reference, on January 18, the windiest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 9.6 miles per hour, while on September 18, the calmest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 6.7 miles per hour.
The highest daily average wind speed during January is 9.6 miles per hour on January 18.
Average Wind Speed in January in Gwangju
The hourly average wind direction in Gwangju throughout January is predominantly from the north, with a peak proportion of 68% on January 19.
Wind Direction in January in Gwangju
Gwangju is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.
The average surface water temperature in Gwangju is gradually decreasing during January, falling by 3°F, from 53°F to 50°F, over the course of the month.
Average Water Temperature in January in Gwangju
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
The growing season in Gwangju typically lasts for 7.0 months (215 days), from around April 4 to around November 5, rarely starting before March 18 or after April 21, and rarely ending before October 19 or after November 21.
The month of January in Gwangju is reliably fully outside of the growing season.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in January in Gwangju
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
The average accumulated growing degree days in Gwangju are essentially constant during January, remaining within 1°F of 1°F throughout.
Growing Degree Days in January in Gwangju
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy in Gwangju is gradually increasing during January, rising by 0.6 kWh, from 2.4 kWh to 3.0 kWh, over the course of the month.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in January in Gwangju
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Gwangju are 35.155 deg latitude, 126.916 deg longitude, and 154 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Gwangju contains very significant variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 1,070 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 222 feet. Within 10 miles contains very significant variations in elevation (3,845 feet). Within 50 miles also contains extreme variations in elevation (6,211 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Gwangju is covered by sparse vegetation (47%) and artificial surfaces (39%), within 10 miles by trees (34%) and sparse vegetation (31%), and within 50 miles by trees (32%) and water (23%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Gwangju, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 3 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Gwangju.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Gwangju according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Gwangju is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Gwangju and a given station.
The stations contributing to this reconstruction are:
To get a sense of how much these sources agree with each other, you can view a comparison of Gwangju and the stations that contribute to our estimates of its temperature history and climate. Please note that each source's contribution is adjusted for elevation and the relative change present in the MERRA-2 data.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for airports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © OpenStreetMap contributors.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
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