Average Weather in January in Princeton Canada
In Princeton, the month of January is characterized by rising daily high temperatures, with daily highs increasing by 5°F, from 26°F to 31°F over the course of the month, and rarely exceeding 39°F or dropping below 13°F.
Daily low temperatures increase by 3°F, from 15°F to 18°F, rarely falling below -2°F or exceeding 29°F.
For reference, on August 3, the hottest day of the year, temperatures in Princeton typically range from 51°F to 81°F, while on December 29, the coldest day of the year, they range from 15°F to 26°F.
Average High and Low Temperature in January
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the hourly average temperatures for the quarter of the year centered on January. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature in January
Hriňová, Slovakia (5,264 miles away); Koprivshtitsa, Bulgaria (5,734 miles); and Evren, Turkey (6,123 miles) are the far-away foreign places with temperatures most similar to Princeton (view comparison).
The month of January in Princeton experiences essentially constant cloud cover, with the percentage of time that the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy remaining about 67% throughout the month. The highest chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 68% on January 22.
The clearest day of the month is January 2, with clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy conditions 34% of the time.
For reference, on January 20, the cloudiest day of the year, the chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 68%, while on August 3, the clearest day of the year, the chance of clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy skies is 68%.
Cloud Cover Categories in January
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. In Princeton, the chance of a wet day over the course of January is gradually decreasing, starting the month at 30% and ending it at 26%.
For reference, the year's highest daily chance of a wet day is 40% on November 18, and its lowest chance is 10% on August 11.
Over the course of January in Princeton, the chance of a day with only rain increases from 2% to 4%, the chance of a day with mixed snow and rain remains an essentially constant 8% throughout, and the chance of a day with only snow decreases from 21% to 13%.
Probability of Precipitation in January
To show variation within the month and not just the monthly total, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.
The average sliding 31-day rainfall during January in Princeton is essentially constant, remaining about 0.6 inches throughout, and rarely exceeding 1.6 inches.
The lowest average 31-day accumulation is 0.5 inches on January 2.
Average Monthly Rainfall in January
We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. As with rainfall, we consider the liquid-equivalent snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.
The average sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall during January in Princeton is gradually decreasing, starting the month at 1.4 inches, when it rarely exceeds 2.7 inches or falls below 0.5 inches, and ending the month at 1.0 inches, when it rarely exceeds 2.1 inches or falls below 0.2 inches.
The highest average 31-day liquid-equivalent accumulation is 1.4 inches on January 4.
Average Monthly Liquid-Equivalent Snowfall in January
Over the course of January in Princeton, the length of the day is rapidly increasing. From the start to the end of the month, the length of the day increases by 1 hour, 7 minutes, implying an average daily increase of 2 minutes, 13 seconds, and weekly increase of 15 minutes, 32 seconds.
The shortest day of the month is January 1, with 8 hours, 16 minutes of daylight and the longest day is January 31, with 9 hours, 22 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight in January
The latest sunrise of the month in Princeton is 7:58 AM on January 1 and the earliest sunrise is 23 minutes earlier at 7:34 AM on January 31.
The earliest sunset is 4:13 PM on January 1 and the latest sunset is 43 minutes later at 4:57 PM on January 31.
Daylight saving time is observed in Princeton during 2017, but it neither starts nor ends during January, so the entire month is in standard time.
For reference, on June 21, the longest day of the year, the Sun rises at 4:55 AM and sets 16 hours, 17 minutes later, at 9:12 PM, while on December 21, the shortest day of the year, it rises at 7:55 AM and sets 8 hours, 9 minutes later, at 4:05 PM.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in January
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The chance that a given day will be muggy in Princeton is essentially constant during January, remaining around 0% throughout.
For reference, on June 14, the muggiest day of the year, there are muggy conditions 0% of the time, while on January 1, the least muggy day of the year, there are muggy conditions 0% of the time.
Humidity Comfort Levels in January
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Princeton is essentially constant during January, remaining within 0.1 miles per hour of 4.4 miles per hour throughout.
For reference, on January 17, the windiest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 4.4 miles per hour, while on August 14, the calmest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 3.6 miles per hour.
The highest daily average wind speed during January is 4.4 miles per hour on January 17.
Average Wind Speed in January
Wind Direction in January
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
The growing season in Princeton typically lasts for 4.2 months (129 days), from around May 13 to around September 19, rarely starting before April 28 or after May 29, and rarely ending before September 2 or after October 6.
The month of January in Princeton is reliably fully outside of the growing season.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in January
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
The average accumulated growing degree days in Princeton are essentially constant during January, remaining around 0°F throughout.
Growing Degree Days in January
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy in Princeton is gradually increasing during January, rising by 0.6 kWh, from 1.0 kWh to 1.6 kWh, over the course of the month.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in January
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Princeton are 49.458 deg latitude, -120.511 deg longitude, and 2,566 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Princeton contains very significant variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 1,302 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 2,373 feet. Within 10 miles contains very significant variations in elevation (4,144 feet). Within 50 miles also contains extreme variations in elevation (8,770 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Princeton is covered by sparse vegetation (56%), shrubs (21%), and grassland (15%), within 10 miles by trees (50%) and sparse vegetation (25%), and within 50 miles by trees (69%) and sparse vegetation (17%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Princeton year round, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 4 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Princeton.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Princeton according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Princeton is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Princeton and a given station.
The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Princeton Aerodrome (49%, 1.1 kilometers, north); Princeton Automatic Weather Reporting System (49%, 1.3 kilometers, northeast); Hope (1.1%, 71 kilometers, west); and Hope Aerodrome (1.1%, 71 kilometers, west).
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.