Average Weather in December in Fossil Oregon, United States
In Fossil, the month of December is characterized by gradually falling daily high temperatures, with daily highs decreasing by 4°F, from 40°F to 37°F over the course of the month, and rarely exceeding 50°F or dropping below 27°F. The lowest daily average high temperature is 37°F on December 22.
Daily low temperatures decrease by 3°F, from 27°F to 25°F, rarely falling below 12°F or exceeding 37°F. The lowest daily average low temperature is 24°F on December 23.
For reference, on July 30, the hottest day of the year, temperatures in Fossil typically range from 53°F to 84°F, while on December 23, the coldest day of the year, they range from 24°F to 37°F.
Average High and Low Temperature in December
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the hourly average temperatures for the quarter of the year centered on December. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature in December
The month of December in Fossil experiences essentially constant cloud cover, with the percentage of time that the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy remaining about 65% throughout the month.
The clearest day of the month is December 17, with clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy conditions 36% of the time.
For reference, on January 16, the cloudiest day of the year, the chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 67%, while on July 29, the clearest day of the year, the chance of clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy skies is 82%.
Cloud Cover Categories in December
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. In Fossil, the chance of a wet day over the course of December is decreasing, starting the month at 27% and ending it at 23%.
For reference, the year's highest daily chance of a wet day is 27% on December 1, and its lowest chance is 5% on August 7.
Over the course of December in Fossil, the chance of a day with only rain decreases from 18% to 12%, the chance of a day with mixed snow and rain remains an essentially constant 5% throughout, and the chance of a day with only snow remains an essentially constant 6% throughout.
Probability of Precipitation in December
To show variation within the month and not just the monthly total, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.
The average sliding 31-day rainfall during December in Fossil is essentially constant, remaining about 1.0 inches throughout, and rarely exceeding 2.2 inches or falling below 0.1 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall in December
We report snowfall in liquid-equivalent terms. The actual depth of new snowfall is typically between 5 and 10 times the liquid-equivalent amount, assuming the ground is frozen. As with rainfall, we consider the liquid-equivalent snowfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.
The average sliding 31-day liquid-equivalent snowfall during December in Fossil is essentially constant, remaining about 0.4 inches throughout, and rarely exceeding 1.1 inches or falling to 0.0 inches.
The highest average 31-day liquid-equivalent accumulation is 0.4 inches on December 30.
Average Monthly Liquid-Equivalent Snowfall in December
Over the course of December in Fossil, the length of the day is essentially constant. The shortest day of the month is December 21, with 8 hours, 46 minutes of daylight and the longest day is December 1, with 9 hours, 1 minute of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight in December
The earliest sunrise of the month in Fossil is 7:19 AM on December 1 and the latest sunrise is 20 minutes later at 7:39 AM on December 31.
The earliest sunset is 4:19 PM on December 10 and the latest sunset is 10 minutes later at 4:29 PM on December 31.
Daylight saving time is observed in Fossil during 2017, but it neither starts nor ends during December, so the entire month is in standard time.
For reference, on June 21, the longest day of the year, the Sun rises at 5:14 AM and sets 15 hours, 37 minutes later, at 8:51 PM, while on December 21, the shortest day of the year, it rises at 7:36 AM and sets 8 hours, 46 minutes later, at 4:22 PM.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time in December
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The chance that a given day will be muggy in Fossil is essentially constant during December, remaining around 0% throughout.
Humidity Comfort Levels in December
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Fossil is essentially constant during December, remaining within 0.2 miles per hour of 9.7 miles per hour throughout.
For reference, on December 1, the windiest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 9.9 miles per hour, while on August 24, the calmest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 6.8 miles per hour.
The highest daily average wind speed during December is 9.9 miles per hour on December 1.
Average Wind Speed in December
Wind Direction in December
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy in Fossil is essentially constant during December, remaining within 0.1 kWh of 1.4 kWh throughout.
The lowest average daily incident shortwave solar energy during December is 1.3 kWh on December 26.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in December
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Fossil are 44.998 deg latitude, -120.216 deg longitude, and 3,196 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Fossil contains very significant variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 1,135 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 2,962 feet. Within 10 miles contains very significant variations in elevation (3,212 feet). Within 50 miles contains large variations in elevation (6,647 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Fossil is covered by shrubs (95%), within 10 miles by shrubs (95%), and within 50 miles by shrubs (81%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Fossil year round, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 4 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Fossil.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Fossil according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Fossil is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Fossil and a given station.
The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: The Dalles Municipal Airport (22%, 102 kilometers, northwest); Roberts Field-Redmond Municipal Airport (30%, 110 kilometers, southwest); Hermiston Municipal Airport (21%, 119 kilometers, northeast); and John Day State Airport (27%, 119 kilometers, southeast).
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.