Daily high temperatures decrease by 12°F, from 78°F to 66°F, rarely falling below 56°F or exceeding 87°F.
Daily low temperatures decrease by 8°F, from 55°F to 46°F, rarely falling below 39°F or exceeding 62°F.
For reference, on July 19, the hottest day of the year, temperatures in Mountain Ranch typically range from 63°F to 89°F, while on December 23, the coldest day of the year, they range from 37°F to 51°F.
Average High and Low Temperature in October
The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the hourly average temperatures for the quarter of the year centered on October. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature in October
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < very cold < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.
The month of October in Mountain Ranch experiences very rapidly increasing cloud cover, with the percentage of time that the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy increasing from 20% to 37%.
The clearest day of the month is October 1, with clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy conditions 80% of the time.
For reference, on February 21, the cloudiest day of the year, the chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 57%, while on July 29, the clearest day of the year, the chance of clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy skies is 91%.
Cloud Cover Categories in October
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds: clear < 20% < mostly clear < 40% < partly cloudy < 60% < mostly cloudy < 80% < overcast.
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. In Mountain Ranch, the chance of a wet day over the course of October is very rapidly increasing, starting the month at 8% and ending it at 17%.
For reference, the year's highest daily chance of a wet day is 33% on February 21, and its lowest chance is 1% on August 1.
Probability of Precipitation in October
The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).
To show variation within the month and not just the monthly total, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.
The average sliding 31-day rainfall during October in Mountain Ranch is rapidly increasing, starting the month at 0.8 inches, when it rarely exceeds 2.2 inches, and ending the month at 2.2 inches, when it rarely exceeds 5.0 inches or falls below 0.2 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall in October
The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.
Over the course of October in Mountain Ranch, the length of the day is rapidly decreasing. From the start to the end of the month, the length of the day decreases by 1 hour, 10 minutes, implying an average daily decrease of 2 minutes, 21 seconds, and weekly decrease of 16 minutes, 27 seconds.
The shortest day of the month is October 31, with 10 hours, 36 minutes of daylight and the longest day is October 1, with 11 hours, 47 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight in October
The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.
The earliest sunrise of the month in Mountain Ranch is 6:57 AM on October 1 and the latest sunrise is 29 minutes later at 7:27 AM on October 31.
The latest sunset is 6:44 PM on October 1 and the earliest sunset is 41 minutes earlier at 6:03 PM on October 31.
Daylight saving time is observed in Mountain Ranch during 2018, but it neither starts nor ends during October, so the entire month is in daylight saving time.
For reference, on June 21, the longest day of the year, the Sun rises at 5:39 AM and sets 14 hours, 50 minutes later, at 8:28 PM, while on December 21, the shortest day of the year, it rises at 7:15 AM and sets 9 hours, 30 minutes later, at 4:45 PM.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time in October
The solar day over the course of October. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray.
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The chance that a given day will be muggy in Mountain Ranch is essentially constant during October, remaining around 0% throughout.
For reference, on September 10, the muggiest day of the year, there are muggy conditions 0% of the time, while on January 1, the least muggy day of the year, there are muggy conditions 0% of the time.
Humidity Comfort Levels in October
The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point: dry < 55°F < comfortable < 60°F < humid < 65°F < muggy < 70°F < oppressive < 75°F < miserable.
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Mountain Ranch is essentially constant during October, remaining within 0.1 miles per hour of 5.1 miles per hour throughout.
For reference, on February 4, the windiest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 6.0 miles per hour, while on September 3, the calmest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 5.0 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed in October
The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.
The wind direction in Mountain Ranch during October is predominantly out of the west from October 1 to October 5 and the east from October 5 to October 31.
Wind Direction in October
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions (north, east, south, and west), excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
The growing season in Mountain Ranch typically lasts for 8.5 months (261 days), from around March 15 to around December 1, rarely starting before January 29 or after April 16, and rarely ending before November 9 or after December 31.
The month of October in Mountain Ranch is very likely fully within the growing season, with the chance that a given day is in the growing season gradually decreasing from 100% to 96% over the course of the month.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in October
The percentage of time spent in various temperature bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < very cold < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The black line is the percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season.
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
The average accumulated growing degree days in Mountain Ranch are increasing during October, increasing by 329°F, from 3,393°F to 3,722°F, over the course of the month.
Growing Degree Days in October
The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of October, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy in Mountain Ranch is rapidly decreasing during October, falling by 1.7 kWh, from 5.3 kWh to 3.6 kWh, over the course of the month.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in October
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Mountain Ranch are 38.228 deg latitude, -120.541 deg longitude, and 2,238 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Mountain Ranch contains very significant variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 1,047 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 2,284 feet. Within 10 miles contains very significant variations in elevation (4,029 feet). Within 50 miles also contains extreme variations in elevation (11,519 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Mountain Ranch is covered by shrubs (42%), trees (35%), and grassland (22%), within 10 miles by shrubs (47%) and trees (35%), and within 50 miles by trees (29%) and grassland (25%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Mountain Ranch year round, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 6 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Mountain Ranch.
The estimated value at Mountain Ranch is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Mountain Ranch and a given station.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.