Average Weather in December in East Sonora California, United States
In East Sonora, the month of December is characterized by gradually falling daily high temperatures, with daily highs decreasing by 4°F, from 55°F to 51°F over the course of the month, and rarely exceeding 63°F or dropping below 43°F. The lowest daily average high temperature is 51°F on December 28.
Daily low temperatures decrease by 2°F, from 39°F to 37°F, rarely falling below 28°F or exceeding 47°F. The lowest daily average low temperature is 37°F on December 25.
For reference, on July 19, the hottest day of the year, temperatures in East Sonora typically range from 63°F to 90°F, while on December 25, the coldest day of the year, they range from 37°F to 51°F.
Average High and Low Temperature in December
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the hourly average temperatures for the quarter of the year centered on December. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature in December
The month of December in East Sonora experiences essentially constant cloud cover, with the percentage of time that the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy remaining about 52% throughout the month. The highest chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 54% on December 28.
The clearest day of the month is December 1, with clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy conditions 50% of the time.
For reference, on February 21, the cloudiest day of the year, the chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 56%, while on July 29, the clearest day of the year, the chance of clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy skies is 90%.
Cloud Cover in December
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. In East Sonora, the chance of a wet day over the course of December is essentially constant, remaining around 27% throughout.
For reference, the year's highest daily chance of a wet day is 31% on February 20, and its lowest chance is 1% on August 6.
Probability of Precipitation in December
To show variation within the month and not just the monthly total, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.
The average sliding 31-day rainfall during December in East Sonora is increasing, starting the month at 3.3 inches, when it rarely exceeds 6.8 inches or falls below 0.5 inches, and ending the month at 4.1 inches, when it rarely exceeds 9.1 inches or falls below 0.3 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall in December
Over the course of December in East Sonora, the length of the day is essentially constant. The shortest day of the month is December 21, with 9 hours, 32 minutes of daylight and the longest day is December 1, with 9 hours, 43 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight in December
The earliest sunrise of the month in East Sonora is 6:58 AM on December 1 and the latest sunrise is 18 minutes later at 7:17 AM on December 31.
The earliest sunset is 4:41 PM on December 6 and the latest sunset is 10 minutes later at 4:52 PM on December 31.
Daylight saving time is observed in East Sonora during 2017, but it neither starts nor ends during December, so the entire month is in standard time.
For reference, on June 21, the longest day of the year, the Sun rises at 5:39 AM and sets 14 hours, 48 minutes later, at 8:27 PM, while on December 21, the shortest day of the year, it rises at 7:13 AM and sets 9 hours, 32 minutes later, at 4:45 PM.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight and Daylight Saving Time in December
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The chance that a given day will be muggy in East Sonora is essentially constant during December, remaining around 0% throughout.
For reference, on August 23, the muggiest day of the year, there are muggy conditions 0% of the time, while on January 1, the least muggy day of the year, there are muggy conditions 0% of the time.
Humidity Comfort Levels in December
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in East Sonora is essentially constant during December, remaining within 0.1 miles per hour of 3.0 miles per hour throughout.
For reference, on February 4, the windiest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 3.1 miles per hour, while on September 2, the calmest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 2.6 miles per hour.
The highest daily average wind speed during December is 3.1 miles per hour on December 14.
Average Wind Speed in December
Wind Direction in December
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy in East Sonora is essentially constant during December, remaining within 0.1 kWh of 2.4 kWh throughout.
The lowest average daily incident shortwave solar energy during December is 2.3 kWh on December 23.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in December
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of East Sonora are 37.978 deg latitude, -120.361 deg longitude, and 2,110 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of East Sonora contains very significant variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 1,460 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 2,083 feet. Within 10 miles contains very significant variations in elevation (4,377 feet). Within 50 miles also contains extreme variations in elevation (11,558 feet).
The area within 2 miles of East Sonora is covered by shrubs (86%), within 10 miles by shrubs (51%) and grassland (26%), and within 50 miles by shrubs (26%) and trees (26%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in East Sonora year round, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 5 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in East Sonora.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and East Sonora according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at East Sonora is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between East Sonora and a given station.
The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Modesto City-County Airport (26%, 65 kilometers, southwest); Castle Airport (26%, 69 kilometers, south); Bridgeport Sonora Junction (11%, 85 kilometers, northeast); Placerville Airport (26%, 89 kilometers, north); and Lake Tahoe Airport (10%, 107 kilometers, north).
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.