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Average Weather in January in Durham California, United States

In Durham, the month of January is characterized by rising daily high temperatures, with daily highs increasing by 5°F, from 54°F to 59°F over the course of the month, and rarely exceeding 66°F or dropping below 47°F.

Daily low temperatures increase by 3°F, from 39°F to 42°F, rarely falling below 31°F or exceeding 50°F.

For reference, on July 21, the hottest day of the year, temperatures in Durham typically range from 66°F to 96°F, while on December 31, the coldest day of the year, they range from 39°F to 54°F.

Average High and Low Temperature in January

The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the hourly average temperatures for the quarter of the year centered on January. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature in January

Average Hourly Temperature in January in Durham18152229112233445566778899101011111212131314141515161617171818191920202121222223232424252526262727282829293030313112 AM4 AM8 AM12 PM4 PM8 PM12 AMDecFebcoldcoolvery cold
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < very cold < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Clouds

The month of January in Durham experiences essentially constant cloud cover, with the percentage of time that the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy remaining about 57% throughout the month.

The clearest day of the month is January 26, with clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy conditions 45% of the time.

For reference, on December 28, the cloudiest day of the year, the chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 58%, while on July 29, the clearest day of the year, the chance of clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy skies is 91%.

Cloud Cover Categories in January

Cloud Cover Categories in January in Durham1815222911223344556677889910101111121213131414151516161717181819192020212122222323242425252626272728282929303031310%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%DecFebJan 142%Jan 142%Jan 3144%Jan 3144%Jan 1142%Jan 1142%Jan 2144%Jan 2144%clearpartly cloudyovercastmostly clearmostly cloudy
The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds: clear < 20% < mostly clear < 40% < partly cloudy < 60% < mostly cloudy < 80% < overcast.

Precipitation

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. In Durham, the chance of a wet day over the course of January is essentially constant, remaining around 32% throughout.

For reference, the year's highest daily chance of a wet day is 36% on February 28, and its lowest chance is 0% on August 4.

Probability of Precipitation in January

The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the month and not just the monthly total, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.

The average sliding 31-day rainfall during January in Durham is essentially constant, remaining about 5.8 inches throughout, and rarely exceeding 12.2 inches or falling below 0.5 inches.

Average Monthly Rainfall in January

The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Sun

Over the course of January in Durham, the length of the day is increasing. From the start to the end of the month, the length of the day increases by 45 minutes, implying an average daily increase of 1 minute, 30 seconds, and weekly increase of 10 minutes, 27 seconds.

The shortest day of the month is January 1, with 9 hours, 26 minutes of daylight and the longest day is January 31, with 10 hours, 11 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight in January

The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The latest sunrise of the month in Durham is 7:28 AM on January 4 and the earliest sunrise is 13 minutes earlier at 7:15 AM on January 31.

The earliest sunset is 4:54 PM on January 1 and the latest sunset is 32 minutes later at 5:26 PM on January 31.

Daylight saving time is observed in Durham during 2017, but it neither starts nor ends during January, so the entire month is in standard time.

For reference, on June 21, the longest day of the year, the Sun rises at 5:39 AM and sets 14 hours, 59 minutes later, at 8:38 PM, while on December 21, the shortest day of the year, it rises at 7:24 AM and sets 9 hours, 22 minutes later, at 4:46 PM.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in January

The solar day over the course of January. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

The chance that a given day will be muggy in Durham is essentially constant during January, remaining around 0% throughout.

For reference, on July 30, the muggiest day of the year, there are muggy conditions 1% of the time, while on January 1, the least muggy day of the year, there are muggy conditions 0% of the time.

Humidity Comfort Levels in January

The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point: dry < 55°F < comfortable < 60°F < humid < 65°F < muggy < 70°F < oppressive < 75°F < miserable.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed in Durham is essentially constant during January, remaining within 0.1 miles per hour of 7.5 miles per hour throughout.

For reference, on December 17, the windiest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 7.9 miles per hour, while on September 23, the calmest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 6.3 miles per hour.

The lowest daily average wind speed during January is 7.4 miles per hour on January 20.

Average Wind Speed in January

The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.
The hourly average wind direction in Durham throughout January is predominantly from the east, with a peak proportion of 48% on January 7.

Wind Direction in January

Wind Direction in January in DurhamES1815222911223344556677889910101111121213131414151516161717181819192020212122222323242425252626272728282929303031310%100%10%90%20%80%30%70%40%60%50%50%60%40%70%30%80%20%90%10%100%0%DecFebsouthnortheastwest
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions (north, east, south, and west), excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy in Durham is gradually increasing during January, rising by 0.6 kWh, from 2.0 kWh to 2.6 kWh, over the course of the month.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in January

The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Durham are 39.646 deg latitude, -121.800 deg longitude, and 154 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Durham is essentially flat, with a maximum elevation change of 52 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 156 feet. Within 10 miles is essentially flat (1,325 feet). Within 50 miles contains very significant variations in elevation (7,799 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Durham is covered by cropland (98%), within 10 miles by cropland (60%) and grassland (27%), and within 50 miles by grassland (29%) and trees (27%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather in Durham year round, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

There are 3 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Durham.

For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Durham according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.

The estimated value at Durham is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Durham and a given station.

The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Chico Municipal Airport (58%, 18 kilometers, north); Oroville Municipal Airport (39%, 23 kilometers, southeast); and Ukiah Municipal Airport (2.8%, 134 kilometers, southwest).

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.

Disclaimer

The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.