Average Weather in January in Varanasi India
In Varanasi, the month of January is characterized by gradually rising daily high temperatures, with daily highs increasing by 4°F, from 74°F to 78°F over the course of the month, and rarely exceeding 84°F or dropping below 67°F. The lowest daily average high temperature is 74°F on January 8.
Daily low temperatures increase by 2°F, from 51°F to 53°F, rarely falling below 45°F or exceeding 59°F. The lowest daily average low temperature is 50°F on January 10.
For reference, on May 22, the hottest day of the year, temperatures in Varanasi typically range from 82°F to 105°F, while on January 9, the coldest day of the year, they range from 50°F to 74°F.
Average High and Low Temperature in January
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the hourly average temperatures for the quarter of the year centered on January. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature in January
The month of January in Varanasi experiences essentially constant cloud cover, with the percentage of time that the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy remaining about 14% throughout the month.
The clearest day of the month is January 28, with clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy conditions 87% of the time.
For reference, on August 1, the cloudiest day of the year, the chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 85%, while on May 16, the clearest day of the year, the chance of clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy skies is 91%.
Cloud Cover in January
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. In Varanasi, the chance of a wet day over the course of January is gradually increasing, starting the month at 4% and ending it at 7%.
For reference, the year's highest daily chance of a wet day is 63% on July 21, and its lowest chance is 2% on December 7.
Probability of Precipitation in January
To show variation within the month and not just the monthly total, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.
The average sliding 31-day rainfall during January in Varanasi is essentially constant, remaining about 0.4 inches throughout, and rarely exceeding 1.2 inches or falling below -0.0 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall in January
Over the course of January in Varanasi, the length of the day is gradually increasing. From the start to the end of the month, the length of the day increases by 24 minutes, implying an average daily increase of 49 seconds, and weekly increase of 5 minutes, 40 seconds.
The shortest day of the month is January 1, with 10 hours, 36 minutes of daylight and the longest day is January 31, with 11 hours, 0 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight in January
The latest sunrise of the month in Varanasi is 6:45 AM on January 13 and the earliest sunrise is 4 minutes earlier at 6:41 AM on January 31.
The earliest sunset is 5:19 PM on January 1 and the latest sunset is 22 minutes later at 5:41 PM on January 31.
Daylight saving time is not observed in Varanasi during 2017.
For reference, on June 21, the longest day of the year, the Sun rises at 5:08 AM and sets 13 hours, 43 minutes later, at 6:51 PM, while on December 21, the shortest day of the year, it rises at 6:39 AM and sets 10 hours, 34 minutes later, at 5:12 PM.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in January
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The chance that a given day will be muggy in Varanasi is essentially constant during January, remaining around 1% throughout.
The lowest chance of a muggy day during January is 0% on January 18.
For reference, on July 30, the muggiest day of the year, there are muggy conditions 100% of the time, while on January 18, the least muggy day of the year, there are muggy conditions 0% of the time.
Humidity Comfort Levels in January
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Varanasi is essentially constant during January, remaining within 0.2 miles per hour of 3.2 miles per hour throughout.
For reference, on June 19, the windiest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 4.6 miles per hour, while on October 24, the calmest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 2.6 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed in January
Wind Direction in January
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy in Varanasi is gradually increasing during January, rising by 0.8 kWh, from 4.0 kWh to 4.8 kWh, over the course of the month.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in January
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Varanasi are 25.317 deg latitude, 83.010 deg longitude, and 259 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Varanasi contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 154 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 255 feet. Within 10 miles also contains only modest variations in elevation (154 feet). Within 50 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (1,427 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Varanasi is covered by artificial surfaces (90%), within 10 miles by cropland (76%) and artificial surfaces (18%), and within 50 miles by cropland (94%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Varanasi year round, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There is only a single weather station, Gorakhpur Airport, in our network suitable to be used as a proxy for the historical temperature and dew point records of Varanasi.
At a distance of 164 kilometers from Varanasi, further than our threshold of 150 kilometers, this station is deemed insufficiently nearby to be relied upon as our primary source for temperature and dew point records. Consequently, the station records are blended with interpolated values from NASA's MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis , and both are corrected for elevation differences according to the International Standard Atmosphere .
The weight assigned to the MERRA-2 value depends on the distance from Varanasi to the nearest station, increasing from 0% at 150 kilometers to 100% at 200 kilometers. In this case, the MERRA-2 weight is 22%, making the weight assigned to the weather station 78%.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.