Average Weather in October in Chak Āzam Saffo Pakistan
Daily high temperatures decrease by 9°F, from 95°F to 87°F, rarely falling below 82°F or exceeding 99°F.
Daily low temperatures decrease by 12°F, from 75°F to 63°F, rarely falling below 58°F or exceeding 80°F.
For reference, on May 30, the hottest day of the year, temperatures in Chak Āzam Saffo typically range from 82°F to 105°F, while on January 8, the coldest day of the year, they range from 45°F to 67°F.
Average High and Low Temperature in October
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the hourly average temperatures for the quarter of the year centered on October. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature in October
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The month of October in Chak Āzam Saffo experiences gradually increasing cloud cover, with the percentage of time that the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy increasing from 3% to 7%.
The clearest day of the month is October 1, with clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy conditions 97% of the time.
For reference, on March 18, the cloudiest day of the year, the chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 30%, while on September 26, the clearest day of the year, the chance of clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy skies is 98%.
Cloud Cover Categories in October
0% clear 20% mostly clear 40% partly cloudy 60% mostly cloudy 80% overcast 100%
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. In Chak Āzam Saffo, the chance of a wet day over the course of October is decreasing, starting the month at 7% and ending it at 2%.
For reference, the year's highest daily chance of a wet day is 32% on July 23, and its lowest chance is 1% on November 5.
Probability of Precipitation in October
To show variation within the month and not just the monthly total, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.
The average sliding 31-day rainfall during October in Chak Āzam Saffo is gradually decreasing, starting the month at 0.5 inches, when it rarely exceeds 1.2 inches, and ending the month at 0.1 inches, when it rarely exceeds 0.3 inches or falls below -0.0 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall in October
Over the course of October in Chak Āzam Saffo, the length of the day is decreasing. From the start to the end of the month, the length of the day decreases by 53 minutes, implying an average daily decrease of 1 minute, 46 seconds, and weekly decrease of 12 minutes, 23 seconds.
The shortest day of the month is October 31, with 10 hours, 59 minutes of daylight and the longest day is October 1, with 11 hours, 52 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight in October
The earliest sunrise of the month in Chak Āzam Saffo is 6:01 AM on October 1 and the latest sunrise is 21 minutes later at 6:21 AM on October 31.
The latest sunset is 5:53 PM on October 1 and the earliest sunset is 33 minutes earlier at 5:20 PM on October 31.
Daylight saving time is not observed in Chak Āzam Saffo during 2021.
For reference, on June 21, the longest day of the year, the Sun rises at 5:05 AM and sets 14 hours, 8 minutes later, at 7:13 PM, while on December 21, the shortest day of the year, it rises at 7:01 AM and sets 10 hours, 9 minutes later, at 5:10 PM.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in October
The figure below presents a compact representation of key lunar data for October 2021. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the colored areas indicate when the moon is above the horizon. The vertical gray bars (new Moons) and blue bars (full Moons) indicate key Moon phases. The label associated with each bar indicates the date and time that the phase is obtained, and the companion time labels indicate the rise and set times of the Moon for the nearest time interval in which the moon is above the horizon.
Moon Rise, Set & Phases in October
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The chance that a given day will be muggy in Chak Āzam Saffo is very rapidly decreasing during October, falling from 24% to 1% over the course of the month.
For reference, on August 2, the muggiest day of the year, there are muggy conditions 94% of the time, while on December 7, the least muggy day of the year, there are muggy conditions 0% of the time.
Humidity Comfort Levels in October
dry 55°F comfortable 60°F humid 65°F muggy 70°F oppressive 75°F miserable
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Chak Āzam Saffo is essentially constant during October, remaining within 0.2 miles per hour of 4.8 miles per hour throughout.
For reference, on June 24, the windiest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 7.4 miles per hour, while on November 8, the calmest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 4.5 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed in October
The wind direction in Chak Āzam Saffo during October is predominantly out of the south from October 1 to October 14, the east from October 14 to October 22, and the north from October 22 to October 31.
Wind Direction in October
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
Temperatures in Chak Āzam Saffo are sufficiently warm year round that it is not entirely meaningful to discuss the growing season in these terms. We nevertheless include the chart below as an illustration of the distribution of temperatures experienced throughout the year.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in October
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
The average accumulated growing degree days in Chak Āzam Saffo are rapidly increasing during October, increasing by 842°F, from 7,445°F to 8,287°F, over the course of the month.
Growing Degree Days in October
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy in Chak Āzam Saffo is decreasing during October, falling by 1.2 kWh, from 5.8 kWh to 4.5 kWh, over the course of the month.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in October
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Chak Āzam Saffo are 30.750 deg latitude, 73.033 deg longitude, and 551 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Chak Āzam Saffo is essentially flat, with a maximum elevation change of 30 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 548 feet. Within 10 miles is also essentially flat (89 feet). Within 50 miles is essentially flat (351 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Chak Āzam Saffo is covered by cropland (100%), within 10 miles by cropland (90%), and within 50 miles by cropland (92%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Chak Āzam Saffo, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There are 2 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Chak Āzam Saffo.
For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Chak Āzam Saffo according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
The estimated value at Chak Āzam Saffo is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, in addition to a contribution from the MERRA-2 reconstruction, corrected for the difference between the reference elevation of the MERRA-2 grid cell and the elevation of Chak Āzam Saffo.
The station weights are proportional to the inverse of the distance between Chak Āzam Saffo and a given station.
The weight assigned to the MERRA-2 value depends on the distance from Chak Āzam Saffo to the nearest station, increasing from 0% at 150 kilometers to 100% at 200 kilometers. In this case, the MERRA-2 weight is 5%.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Algorithms 2nd Edition , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for airports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.