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Average Weather in November in Tehran Iran

In Tehran, the month of November is characterized by rapidly falling daily high temperatures, with daily highs decreasing by 13°F, from 67°F to 54°F over the course of the month, and rarely exceeding 75°F or dropping below 45°F.

Daily low temperatures decrease by 11°F, from 52°F to 42°F, rarely falling below 34°F or exceeding 59°F.

For reference, on July 14, the hottest day of the year, temperatures in Tehran typically range from 77°F to 97°F, while on January 23, the coldest day of the year, they range from 34°F to 47°F.

Average High and Low Temperature in November

The daily average high (red line) and low (blue line) temperature, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding average perceived temperatures.

The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the hourly average temperatures for the quarter of the year centered on November. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.

Average Hourly Temperature in November

Average Hourly Temperature in November in Tehran12 AM4 AM8 AM12 PM4 PM8 PM12 AM18152229112233445566778899101011111212131314141515161617171818191920202121222223232424252526262727282829293030OctDecchillycoldcoolcomfortablewarm
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands: frigid < 15°F < freezing < 32°F < chilly < 45°F < cold < 55°F < cool < 65°F < comfortable < 75°F < warm < 85°F < hot < 95°F < sweltering. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Clouds

The month of November in Tehran experiences essentially constant cloud cover, with the percentage of time that the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy remaining about 31% throughout the month.

The clearest day of the month is November 1, with clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy conditions 70% of the time.

For reference, on April 20, the cloudiest day of the year, the chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 37%, while on August 30, the clearest day of the year, the chance of clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy skies is 100%.

Cloud Cover in November

The percentage of time spent in each cloud cover band, categorized by the percentage of the sky covered by clouds: clear < 20% < mostly clear < 40% < partly cloudy < 60% < mostly cloudy < 80% < overcast.

Precipitation

A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. In Tehran, the chance of a wet day over the course of November is essentially constant, remaining around 18% throughout.

For reference, the year's highest daily chance of a wet day is 19% on November 18, and its lowest chance is 2% on June 6.

Probability of Precipitation in November

The percentage of days in which various types of precipitation are observed, excluding trace quantities: rain alone, snow alone, and mixed (both rain and snow fell in the same day).

Rainfall

To show variation within the month and not just the monthly total, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.

The average sliding 31-day rainfall during November in Tehran is essentially constant, remaining about 1.1 inches throughout, and rarely exceeding 2.3 inches or falling below 0.1 inches.

The highest average 31-day accumulation is 1.1 inches on November 7.

Average Monthly Rainfall in November

The average rainfall (solid line) accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question, with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands. The thin dotted line is the corresponding average liquid-equivalent snowfall.

Sun

Over the course of November in Tehran, the length of the day is decreasing. From the start to the end of the month, the length of the day decreases by 46 minutes, implying an average daily decrease of 1 minute, 36 seconds, and weekly decrease of 11 minutes, 9 seconds.

The shortest day of the month is November 30, with 9 hours, 57 minutes of daylight and the longest day is November 1, with 10 hours, 43 minutes of daylight.

Hours of Daylight and Twilight in November

The number of hours during which the Sun is visible (black line). From bottom (most yellow) to top (most gray), the color bands indicate: full daylight, twilight (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and full night.

The earliest sunrise of the month in Tehran is 6:26 AM on November 1 and the latest sunrise is 28 minutes later at 6:54 AM on November 30.

The latest sunset is 5:09 PM on November 1 and the earliest sunset is 18 minutes earlier at 4:51 PM on November 30.

Daylight saving time is observed in Tehran during 2017, but it neither starts nor ends during November, so the entire month is in standard time.

For reference, on June 21, the longest day of the year, the Sun rises at 5:48 AM and sets 14 hours, 35 minutes later, at 8:23 PM, while on December 21, the shortest day of the year, it rises at 7:10 AM and sets 9 hours, 44 minutes later, at 4:54 PM.

Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in November

The solar day over the course of November. From bottom to top, the black lines are the previous solar midnight, sunrise, solar noon, sunset, and the next solar midnight. The day, twilights (civil, nautical, and astronomical), and night are indicated by the color bands from yellow to gray.

Humidity

We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.

The chance that a given day will be muggy in Tehran is essentially constant during November, remaining around 0% throughout.

For reference, on August 20, the muggiest day of the year, there are muggy conditions 0% of the time, while on January 1, the leasy muggy day of the year, there are muggy conditions 0% of the time.

Humidity Comfort Levels in November

The percentage of time spent at various humidity comfort levels, categorized by dew point: dry < 55°F < comfortable < 60°F < humid < 65°F < muggy < 70°F < oppressive < 75°F < miserable.

Wind

This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.

The average hourly wind speed in Tehran is essentially constant during November, remaining within 0.1 miles per hour of 2.4 miles per hour throughout.

For reference, on July 3, the windiest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 3.6 miles per hour, while on December 16, the calmest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 2.3 miles per hour.

Average Wind Speed in November

The average of mean hourly wind speeds (dark gray line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.
The wind direction in Tehran during November is predominantly out of the east from November 1 to November 3 and the north from November 3 to November 30.

Wind Direction in November

Wind Direction in November in TehranSENW0%20%40%60%80%100%18152229112233445566778899101011111212131314141515161617171818191920202121222223232424252526262727282829293030OctDecwestsoutheastnorth
The percentage of hours in which the mean wind direction is from each of the four cardinal wind directions (north, east, south, and west), excluding hours in which the mean wind speed is less than 1 mph. The lightly tinted areas at the boundaries are the percentage of hours spent in the implied intermediate directions (northeast, southeast, southwest, and northwest).

Water Temperature

Tehran is located near a large body of water (e.g., ocean, sea, or large lake). This section reports on the wide-area average surface temperature of that water.

The average surface water temperature in Tehran is decreasing during November, falling by 7°F, from 69°F to 62°F, over the course of the month.

Average Water Temperature in November

The daily average water temperature (purple line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Solar Energy

This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.

The average daily incident shortwave solar energy in Tehran is gradually decreasing during November, falling by 0.9 kWh, from 4.0 kWh to 3.1 kWh, over the course of the month.

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in November

The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter (orange line), with 25th to 75th and 10th to 90th percentile bands.

Topography

For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Tehran are 35.694 deg latitude, 51.422 deg longitude, and 3,888 ft elevation.

The topography within 2 miles of Tehran contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 466 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 3,889 feet. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (5,541 feet). Within 50 miles also contains extreme variations in elevation (16,493 feet).

The area within 2 miles of Tehran is covered by artificial surfaces (100%), within 10 miles by artificial surfaces (74%), and within 50 miles by shrubs (58%).

Data Sources

This report illustrates the typical weather in Tehran year round, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

Temperature and Dew Point

There are 2 weather stations near enough to contribute to our estimation of the temperature and dew point in Tehran.

For each station, the records are corrected for the elevation difference between that station and Tehran according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.

The estimated value at Tehran is computed as the weighted average of the individual contributions from each station, with weights proportional to the inverse of the distance between Tehran and a given station.

The stations contributing to this reconstruction are: Mehrabad International Airport (99%, 10 kilometers, west) and Semnan (1.2%, 188 kilometers, east).

Other Data

All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.

All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.

Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .

Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .

Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.