Average Weather in December in Ha'il Saudi Arabia
Daily high temperatures decrease by 6°F, from 69°F to 64°F, rarely falling below 53°F or exceeding 79°F.
Daily low temperatures decrease by 6°F, from 46°F to 40°F, rarely falling below 31°F or exceeding 53°F.
For reference, on August 15, the hottest day of the year, temperatures in Ha'il typically range from 76°F to 103°F, while on January 16, the coldest day of the year, they range from 39°F to 63°F.
Average High and Low Temperature in December
The figure below shows you a compact characterization of the hourly average temperatures for the quarter of the year centered on December. The horizontal axis is the day, the vertical axis is the hour of the day, and the color is the average temperature for that hour and day.
Average Hourly Temperature in December
The month of December in Ha'il experiences essentially constant cloud cover, with the percentage of time that the sky is overcast or mostly cloudy remaining about 30% throughout the month. The highest chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 31% on December 13.
The clearest day of the month is December 31, with clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy conditions 71% of the time.
For reference, on December 13, the cloudiest day of the year, the chance of overcast or mostly cloudy conditions is 31%, while on June 16, the clearest day of the year, the chance of clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy skies is 97%.
Cloud Cover Categories in December
A wet day is one with at least 0.04 inches of liquid or liquid-equivalent precipitation. In Ha'il, the chance of a wet day over the course of December is essentially constant, remaining around 2% throughout.
For reference, the year's highest daily chance of a wet day is 4% on March 14, and its lowest chance is -0% on June 23.
Probability of Precipitation in December
To show variation within the month and not just the monthly total, we show the rainfall accumulated over a sliding 31-day period centered around each day.
The average sliding 31-day rainfall during December in Ha'il is essentially constant, remaining about 0.1 inches throughout, and rarely exceeding 0.6 inches.
Average Monthly Rainfall in December
Over the course of December in Ha'il, the length of the day is essentially constant. The shortest day of the month is December 22, with 10 hours, 24 minutes of daylight and the longest day is December 1, with 10 hours, 32 minutes of daylight.
Hours of Daylight and Twilight in December
The earliest sunrise of the month in Ha'il is 6:46 AM on December 1 and the latest sunrise is 17 minutes later at 7:03 AM on December 31.
The earliest sunset is 5:18 PM on December 1 and the latest sunset is 11 minutes later at 5:29 PM on December 31.
Daylight saving time is not observed in Ha'il during 2018.
For reference, on June 21, the longest day of the year, the Sun rises at 5:18 AM and sets 13 hours, 53 minutes later, at 7:11 PM, while on December 21, the shortest day of the year, it rises at 6:59 AM and sets 10 hours, 24 minutes later, at 5:23 PM.
Sunrise & Sunset with Twilight in December
We base the humidity comfort level on the dew point, as it determines whether perspiration will evaporate from the skin, thereby cooling the body. Lower dew points feel drier and higher dew points feel more humid. Unlike temperature, which typically varies significantly between night and day, dew point tends to change more slowly, so while the temperature may drop at night, a muggy day is typically followed by a muggy night.
The chance that a given day will be muggy in Ha'il is essentially constant during December, remaining around 0% throughout.
For reference, on October 12, the muggiest day of the year, there are muggy conditions 0% of the time, while on January 1, the least muggy day of the year, there are muggy conditions 0% of the time.
Humidity Comfort Levels in December
This section discusses the wide-area hourly average wind vector (speed and direction) at 10 meters above the ground. The wind experienced at any given location is highly dependent on local topography and other factors, and instantaneous wind speed and direction vary more widely than hourly averages.
The average hourly wind speed in Ha'il is essentially constant during December, remaining within 0.1 miles per hour of 9.2 miles per hour throughout.
For reference, on March 1, the windiest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 9.8 miles per hour, while on August 30, the calmest day of the year, the daily average wind speed is 7.8 miles per hour.
Average Wind Speed in December
Wind Direction in December
Definitions of the growing season vary throughout the world, but for the purposes of this report, we define it as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).
The growing season in Ha'il typically lasts for 11 months (323 days), from around February 5 to around December 24, rarely starting after March 3, or ending before December 1.
During December in Ha'il, the chance that a given day is within the growing season is very rapidly decreasing falling from 90% to 34% over the course of the month.
Time Spent in Various Temperature Bands and the Growing Season in December
Growing degree days are a measure of yearly heat accumulation used to predict plant and animal development, and defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature, discarding any excess above a maximum temperature. In this report, we use a base of 50°F and a cap of 86°F.
The average accumulated growing degree days in Ha'il are increasing during December, increasing by 194°F, from 7,510°F to 7,704°F, over the course of the month.
Growing Degree Days in December
This section discusses the total daily incident shortwave solar energy reaching the surface of the ground over a wide area, taking full account of seasonal variations in the length of the day, the elevation of the Sun above the horizon, and absorption by clouds and other atmospheric constituents. Shortwave radiation includes visible light and ultraviolet radiation.
The average daily incident shortwave solar energy in Ha'il is essentially constant during December, remaining within 0.1 kWh of 4.0 kWh throughout.
The lowest average daily incident shortwave solar energy during December is 4.0 kWh on December 13.
Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in December
For the purposes of this report, the geographical coordinates of Ha'il are 27.522 deg latitude, 41.691 deg longitude, and 3,281 ft elevation.
The topography within 2 miles of Ha'il contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 387 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 3,287 feet. Within 10 miles contains only modest variations in elevation (2,021 feet). Within 50 miles also contains large variations in elevation (2,835 feet).
The area within 2 miles of Ha'il is covered by artificial surfaces (54%) and bare soil (45%), within 10 miles by bare soil (93%), and within 50 miles by bare soil (96%).
This report illustrates the typical weather in Ha'il year round, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.
Temperature and Dew Point
There is only a single weather station, Ha'il Regional Airport, in our network suitable to be used as a proxy for the historical temperature and dew point records of Ha'il.
At a distance of 9 kilometers from Ha'il, closer than our threshold of 150 kilometers, this station is deemed sufficiently nearby to be relied upon as our primary source for temperature and dew point records.
The station records are corrected for the elevation difference between the station and Ha'il according to the International Standard Atmosphere , and by the relative change present in the MERRA-2 satellite-era reanalysis between the two locations.
Please note that the station records themselves may additionally have been back-filled using other nearby stations or the MERRA-2 reanalysis.
All data relating to the Sun's position (e.g., sunrise and sunset) are computed using astronomical formulas from the book, Astronomical Tables of the Sun, Moon and Planets , by Jean Meeus.
All other weather data, including cloud cover, precipitation, wind speed and direction, and solar flux, come from NASA's MERRA-2 Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis . This reanalysis combines a variety of wide-area measurements in a state-of-the-art global meteorological model to reconstruct the hourly history of weather throughout the world on a 50-kilometer grid.
Land Use data comes from the Global Land Cover SHARE database , published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Elevation data comes from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) , published by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
Names, locations, and time zones of places and some airports come from the GeoNames Geographical Database .
Time zones for aiports and weather stations are provided by AskGeo.com .
Maps are © Esri, with data from National Geographic, Esri, DeLorme, NAVTEQ, UNEP-WCMC, USGS, NASA, ESA, METI, NRCAN, GEBCO, NOAA, and iPC.
The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.
We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.
We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.