This report describes the historical weather record at the Adler-Sochi International Airport (Sochi, Russian Federation) during 2014. This station has records back to January 1959.
Sochi has a warm humid temperate climate with hot summers and no dry season. The area within 25 mi of this station is covered by oceans and seas (57%), forests (17%), croplands (15%), and grasslands (11%)
Daylight saving time (DST) was observed at Sochi during 2014. There was only one time change during 2014: daylight saving time ended on Sunday October 26, 2014 at 1:00 am, from GMT+4 to GMT+3.
2014 was not a leap year, so it has 365 days and no February 29th. The first leap year before 2014 was 2012 and the first after was 2016.
The summer and winter solstices and the spring and fall equinoxes mark the passing of the seasons. They fall on nearly the same day each year, with differences of a day or two depending on the year. In 2014 they occurred on:
|Spring Equinox||Thursday, 20 March 2014.|
|Summer Solstice||Saturday, 21 June 2014.|
|Fall Equinox||Tuesday, 23 September 2014.|
|Winter Solstice||Sunday, 21 December 2014.|
The hottest day of 2014 was July 12, with a high temperature of 97°F. For reference, on that day the average high temperature is 81°F and the high temperature exceeds 85°F only one day in ten. The hottest month of 2014 was August with an average daily high temperature of 85°F.
Relative to the average, the hottest day was March 4. The high temperature that day was 75°F, compared to the average of 52°F, a difference of 23°F. In relative terms the warmest month was March, with an average high temperature of 58°F, compared to an typical value of 54°F.
The longest warm spell was from August 21 to September 9, constituting 20 consecutive days with warmer than average high temperatures. The month of August had the largest fraction of warmer than average days with 84% days with higher than average high temperatures.
The coldest day of 2014 was March 30, with a low temperature of 28°F. For reference, on that day the average low temperature is 43°F and the low temperature drops below 35°F only one day in ten. The coldest month of 2014 was January with an average daily low temperature of 40°F.
Relative to the average, the coldest day was November 3. The low temperature that day was 34°F, compared to the average of 48°F, a difference of 14°F. In relative terms the coldest month was November, with an average low temperature of 45°F, compared to an typical value of 45°F.
The longest cold spell was from March 29 to April 7, constituting 10 consecutive days with cooler than average low temperatures. The month of October had the largest fraction of cooler than average days with 58% days with lower than average low temperatures.
The clearest month of 2014 was August, with 45% of days being more clear than cloudy. The longest spell of clear weather was from November 3 to November 10, constituting 8 consecutive days that were clearer than they were cloudy.
The cloudiest month of 2014 was February, with 89% of days being more cloudy than clear. The longest spell of cloudy weather was from February 14 to March 19, constituting 34 consecutive days that were cloudier than they were clear.
This station provides hourly reports of significant weather events at and around the station, but does not report the quantity of precipitation at the station itself. This is common for weather stations located outside of the United States, and for a small subset of stations in the United States that are located at lesser used and smaller airports.
This station reports when significant weather events (including precipitation) are visually observed at or near the station. Such events do not always correspond to measured quantities of liquid equivalent precipitation, such as when the event is near by not at the station, or in the case of solid precipitation that does not melt in the collection basin.
The day in 2014 with the most precipitation observations was January 31. There were 24 hourly weather reports that day (out of a maximum of 24) in which some form of precipitation was observated at or near the station. The month with the most precipitation observations was January, with 196 hourly present weather reports involving some form of precipitation.
As determined by the present weather reports, the longest dry spell was from August 21 to September 8, constituting 19 consecutive days with no observed precipitation. The month with the largest fraction of days without observed precipitation was August, with 74% of days reporting no observed precipitation at all.
The month with the largest fraction of days with at least some observed precipitation was March, with 68% of days reporting some observed precipitation.
Either snow is exceptionally rare at this location or this station did not reliably report it during 2014.
Humidity is an important factor in determining how weather conditions feel to a person experiencing them. Hot and humid days feel even hotter than hot and dry days because the high level of water content in humid air discourages the evaporation of sweat from a person's skin.
When reading the graph below, keep in mind that the hottest part of the day tends to be the least humid, so the daily low (brown) traces are more relevant for understanding daytime comfort than the daily high (blue) traces, which typically occur during the night. Applying that observation, the least humid month of 2014 was November with an average daily low humidity of 49%, and the most humid month was May with an average daily low humidity of 58%.
But it is important to keep in mind that humidity does not tell the whole picture and the dew point is often a better measure of how comfortable a person will find a given set of weather conditions. Please see the next section for continued discussion of this point.
Dew point is the temperature below which water vapor will condense into liquid water. It is therefore also related to the rate of evaporation of liquid water. Since the evaporation of sweat is an important cooling mechanism for the human body, the dew point is an important measurement for understanding how dry, comfortable, or humid a given set of weather conditions will feel.
Generally speaking, dew points below 50°F will feel a bit dry to some people, but comfortable to people accustomed to dry conditions; dew points from 50°F to 68°F are fairly comfortable to most people, and dew points above 68°F are increasingly uncomfortable, becoming oppressive around 77°F.
To take some examples, and basing our categorization on the daily high dew point in 2014, January had 31 dry days, no comfortable days, and no humid days; April had 10 dry days, 20 comfortable days, and no humid days; July had no dry days, 4 comfortable days, and 27 humid days; and October had 3 dry days, 28 comfortable days, and no humid days.
The highest sustained wind speed was 25 mph, occurring on November 30; the highest daily mean wind speed was 13 mph (November 30); and the highest wind gust speed was 40 mph (July 27).
The windiest month was December, with an average wind speed of 8 mph. The least windy month was May, with an average wind speed of 6 mph.
Visibility is the maximum distance at which a given reference object or light can be clearly discerned. In the United States, visibilities that are greater than or equal to 10 miles are typically reported as 10 miles.
The day of 2014 with the lowest average visibility was February 17, with an average visibility of 4.8 mi. The month with the lowest average visibility was April, with an average visibility of 6.0 mi. With an average visibility of 6.2 mi, the month of August had the highest average visibility.
The cloud ceiling is the altitude of the lowest layer of clouds that are at categorized as broken (mostly cloudy) or overcast (cloudy). If no such cloud layer exists then the ceiling is unlimited and no value is reported.
The day of 2014 with the lowest average cloud ceiling was March 11, with an average cloud ceiling of 679'. The month with the lowest average cloud ceiling was March, with an average cloud ceiling of 9728'. The month of February has the highest average cloud ceiling, with an average cloud ceiling of 14698'.