This report describes the historical weather record at the Yakutsk Airport (Yakutsk, Russian Federation) during 2013. This station has records back to March 1955.
Yakutsk has a humid subarctic continental climate with short cool summers, cold winters, and no dry season. The area within 25 mi of this station is covered by forests (77%), floodplains (15%), and lakes and rivers (6%)
Daylight saving time (DST) was not observed at Yakutsk during 2013.
2013 was not a leap year, so it has 365 days and no February 29th. The first leap year before 2013 was 2012 and the first after was 2016.
The summer and winter solstices and the spring and fall equinoxes mark the passing of the seasons. They fall on nearly the same day each year, with differences of a day or two depending on the year. In 2013 they occurred on:
|Spring Equinox||Wednesday, 20 March 2013.|
|Summer Solstice||Friday, 21 June 2013.|
|Fall Equinox||Sunday, 22 September 2013.|
|Winter Solstice||Saturday, 21 December 2013.|
The hottest day of 2013 was June 19, with a high temperature of 88°F. For reference, on that day the average high temperature is 75°F and the high temperature exceeds 84°F only one day in ten. The hottest month of 2013 was July with an average daily high temperature of 74°F.
Relative to the average, the hottest day was November 22. The high temperature that day was 18°F, compared to the average of -18°F, a difference of 35°F. In relative terms the warmest month was December, with an average high temperature of -21°F, compared to an typical value of -31°F.
The longest warm spell was from October 16 to November 5, constituting 21 consecutive days with warmer than average high temperatures. The month of December had the largest fraction of warmer than average days with 77% days with higher than average high temperatures.
The coldest day of 2013 was January 4, with a low temperature of -58°F. For reference, on that day the average low temperature is -43°F and the low temperature drops below -51°F only one day in ten. The coldest month of 2013 was January with an average daily low temperature of -48°F.
Relative to the average, the coldest day was November 7. The low temperature that day was -38°F, compared to the average of -13°F, a difference of 26°F. In relative terms the coldest month was January, with an average low temperature of -48°F, compared to an typical value of -42°F.
The longest cold spell was from January 1 to January 21, constituting 21 consecutive days with cooler than average low temperatures. The month of January had the largest fraction of cooler than average days with 81% days with lower than average low temperatures.
The longest freezing spell was from January 1 to April 7, constituting 97 consecutive days with temperatures strictly below freezing.
This station did not reliably report the cloud coverage during 2013 but there is enough reported data to warrant the inclusion of the following graphs.
The cloudiest month of 2013 was January, with 94% of days being more cloudy than clear. The longest spell of cloudy weather was from January 6 to January 23, constituting 18 consecutive days that were cloudier than they were clear.
This station provides hourly reports of significant weather events at and around the station, but does not report the quantity of precipitation at the station itself. This is common for weather stations located outside of the United States, and for a small subset of stations in the United States that are located at lesser used and smaller airports.
This station reports when significant weather events (including precipitation) are visually observed at or near the station. Such events do not always correspond to measured quantities of liquid equivalent precipitation, such as when the event is near by not at the station, or in the case of solid precipitation that does not melt in the collection basin.
The day in 2013 with the most precipitation observations was November 13. There were 24 hourly weather reports that day (out of a maximum of 24) in which some form of precipitation was observated at or near the station. The month with the most precipitation observations was December, with 314 hourly present weather reports involving some form of precipitation.
As determined by the present weather reports, the longest dry spell was from January 1 to January 21, constituting 21 consecutive days with no observed precipitation. The month with the largest fraction of days without observed precipitation was August, with 87% of days reporting no observed precipitation at all.
The month with the largest fraction of days with at least some observed precipitation was December, with 81% of days reporting some observed precipitation.
In this section we consider only those weather reports that indicate liquid precipitation. For the purposes of this analysis, we include thunderstorms even though some thunderstorms are not accompanied by liquid precipitation.
The month of 2013 with the largest number of those reports was July, with a total of 98 reports. The day with the largest number of those reports was July 30, with a total of 21 reports.
This station reports when snow is observed falling but does not report the quantity of snow that has fallen or the depth of snow on the ground.
In this section we consider hourly weather reports that contain an observation of falling snow. These reports do not necessarily correspond to accumulation.
The first reported snow fall in 2013 was on September 25; the last was on April 24. The month of 2013 with the largest number of those reports was December, with a total of 314 reports. The day with the largest number of those reports was November 13, with a total of 24 reports.
Humidity is an important factor in determining how weather conditions feel to a person experiencing them. Hot and humid days feel even hotter than hot and dry days because the high level of water content in humid air discourages the evaporation of sweat from a person's skin.
When reading the graph below, keep in mind that the hottest part of the day tends to be the least humid, so the daily low (brown) traces are more relevant for understanding daytime comfort than the daily high (blue) traces, which typically occur during the night. Applying that observation, the least humid month of 2013 was May with an average daily low humidity of 31%, and the most humid month was November with an average daily low humidity of 70%.
But it is important to keep in mind that humidity does not tell the whole picture and the dew point is often a better measure of how comfortable a person will find a given set of weather conditions. Please see the next section for continued discussion of this point.
Dew point is the temperature below which water vapor will condense into liquid water. It is therefore also related to the rate of evaporation of liquid water. Since the evaporation of sweat is an important cooling mechanism for the human body, the dew point is an important measurement for understanding how dry, comfortable, or humid a given set of weather conditions will feel.
Generally speaking, dew points below 50°F will feel a bit dry to some people, but comfortable to people accustomed to dry conditions; dew points from 50°F to 68°F are fairly comfortable to most people, and dew points above 68°F are increasingly uncomfortable, becoming oppressive around 77°F.
To take some examples, and basing our categorization on the daily high dew point in 2013, January had 31 dry days, no comfortable days, and no humid days; April had 30 dry days, no comfortable days, and no humid days; July had 3 dry days, 26 comfortable days, and 2 humid days; and October had 31 dry days, no comfortable days, and no humid days.
The highest sustained wind speed was 27 mph, occurring on May 8; the highest daily mean wind speed was 16 mph (June 9); and the highest wind gust speed was 43 mph (May 8).
The windiest month was September, with an average wind speed of 7 mph. The least windy month was January, with an average wind speed of 1 mph.
Visibility is the maximum distance at which a given reference object or light can be clearly discerned. In the United States, visibilities that are greater than or equal to 10 miles are typically reported as 10 miles.
The day of 2013 with the lowest average visibility was January 7, with an average visibility of 0.1 mi. The month with the lowest average visibility was January, with an average visibility of 1.1 mi. With an average visibility of 6.1 mi, the month of April had the highest average visibility.
The cloud ceiling is the altitude of the lowest layer of clouds that are at categorized as broken (mostly cloudy) or overcast (cloudy). If no such cloud layer exists then the ceiling is unlimited and no value is reported.
The day of 2013 with the lowest average cloud ceiling was January 12, with an average cloud ceiling of 200'. The month with the lowest average cloud ceiling was July, with an average cloud ceiling of 7341'. The month of February has the highest average cloud ceiling, with an average cloud ceiling of 19146'.