This report describes the historical weather record at the Funafuti International Airport (Funafuti, Tuvalu) during 2014. This station has records back to January 1973.
Funafuti has an uncategorized climate. The area within 25 mi of this station is covered by oceans and seas (100%)
Daylight saving time (DST) was not observed at Funafuti during 2014.
2014 was not a leap year, so it has 365 days and no February 29th. The first leap year before 2014 was 2012 and the first after was 2016.
The summer and winter solstices and the spring and fall equinoxes mark the passing of the seasons. They fall on nearly the same day each year, with differences of a day or two depending on the year. In 2014 they occurred on:
|Spring Equinox||Tuesday, 23 September 2014.|
|Summer Solstice||Sunday, 21 December 2014.|
|Fall Equinox||Thursday, 20 March 2014.|
|Winter Solstice||Saturday, 21 June 2014.|
The hottest day of 2014 was March 24, with a high temperature of 102°F. For reference, on that day the average high temperature is 88°F and the high temperature exceeds 90°F only one day in ten. The hottest month of 2014 was April with an average daily high temperature of 89°F.
Relative to the average, the hottest day was March 24. The high temperature that day was 102°F, compared to the average of 88°F, a difference of 15°F. In relative terms the warmest month was June, with an average high temperature of 89°F, compared to an typical value of 88°F.
The longest warm spell was from June 6 to June 30, constituting 25 consecutive days with warmer than average high temperatures. The month of June had the largest fraction of warmer than average days with 90% days with higher than average high temperatures.
The coldest day of 2014 was February 2, with a low temperature of 75°F. For reference, on that day the average low temperature is 80°F and the low temperature drops below 77°F only one day in ten. The coldest month of 2014 was February with an average daily low temperature of 79°F.
Relative to the average, the coldest day was September 27. The low temperature that day was 75°F, compared to the average of 81°F, a difference of 5°F. In relative terms the coldest month was February, with an average low temperature of 79°F, compared to an typical value of 80°F.
The longest cold spell was from February 1 to February 9, constituting 9 consecutive days with cooler than average low temperatures. The month of February had the largest fraction of cooler than average days with 64% days with lower than average low temperatures.
The clearest month of 2014 was August, with 26% of days being more clear than cloudy. The longest spell of clear weather was from August 20 to August 25, constituting 6 consecutive days that were clearer than they were cloudy.
The cloudiest month of 2014 was February, with 79% of days being more cloudy than clear. The longest spell of cloudy weather was from February 23 to March 11, constituting 17 consecutive days that were cloudier than they were clear.
This station provides hourly reports of significant weather events at and around the station, but does not report the quantity of precipitation at the station itself. This is common for weather stations located outside of the United States, and for a small subset of stations in the United States that are located at lesser used and smaller airports.
This station reports when significant weather events (including precipitation) are visually observed at or near the station. Such events do not always correspond to measured quantities of liquid equivalent precipitation, such as when the event is near by not at the station, or in the case of solid precipitation that does not melt in the collection basin.
The day in 2014 with the most precipitation observations was January 22. There were 16 hourly weather reports that day (out of a maximum of 24) in which some form of precipitation was observated at or near the station. The month with the most precipitation observations was January, with 125 hourly present weather reports involving some form of precipitation.
As determined by the present weather reports, the longest dry spell was from April 30 to May 6, constituting 7 consecutive days with no observed precipitation. The month with the largest fraction of days without observed precipitation was April, with 53% of days reporting no observed precipitation at all.
The month with the largest fraction of days with at least some observed precipitation was January, with 81% of days reporting some observed precipitation.
Either snow is exceptionally rare at this location or this station did not reliably report it during 2014.
Humidity is an important factor in determining how weather conditions feel to a person experiencing them. Hot and humid days feel even hotter than hot and dry days because the high level of water content in humid air discourages the evaporation of sweat from a person's skin.
When reading the graph below, keep in mind that the hottest part of the day tends to be the least humid, so the daily low (brown) traces are more relevant for understanding daytime comfort than the daily high (blue) traces, which typically occur during the night. Applying that observation, the least humid month of 2014 was November with an average daily low humidity of 67%, and the most humid month was August with an average daily low humidity of 72%.
But it is important to keep in mind that humidity does not tell the whole picture and the dew point is often a better measure of how comfortable a person will find a given set of weather conditions. Please see the next section for continued discussion of this point.
Dew point is the temperature below which water vapor will condense into liquid water. It is therefore also related to the rate of evaporation of liquid water. Since the evaporation of sweat is an important cooling mechanism for the human body, the dew point is an important measurement for understanding how dry, comfortable, or humid a given set of weather conditions will feel.
Generally speaking, dew points below 50°F will feel a bit dry to some people, but comfortable to people accustomed to dry conditions; dew points from 50°F to 68°F are fairly comfortable to most people, and dew points above 68°F are increasingly uncomfortable, becoming oppressive around 77°F.
To take some examples, and basing our categorization on the daily high dew point in 2014, January had no dry days, no comfortable days, and 31 humid days; April had no dry days, no comfortable days, and 30 humid days; July had no dry days, no comfortable days, and 31 humid days; and October had no dry days, no comfortable days, and 31 humid days.
The highest sustained wind speed was 30 mph, occurring on February 27; the highest daily mean wind speed was 54 mph (May 11); and the highest wind gust speed was 37 mph (June 3).
The windiest month was June, with an average wind speed of 10 mph. The least windy month was April, with an average wind speed of 6 mph.
Visibility is the maximum distance at which a given reference object or light can be clearly discerned. In the United States, visibilities that are greater than or equal to 10 miles are typically reported as 10 miles.
The day of 2014 with the lowest average visibility was March 7, with an average visibility of 6.0 mi. The month with the lowest average visibility was January, with an average visibility of 6.2 mi. With an average visibility of 6.3 mi, the month of August had the highest average visibility.
The cloud ceiling is the altitude of the lowest layer of clouds that are at categorized as broken (mostly cloudy) or overcast (cloudy). If no such cloud layer exists then the ceiling is unlimited and no value is reported.
The day of 2014 with the lowest average cloud ceiling was October 1, with an average cloud ceiling of 1900'. The month with the lowest average cloud ceiling was February, with an average cloud ceiling of 14969'. The month of April has the highest average cloud ceiling, with an average cloud ceiling of 27091'.