This report describes the historical weather record at the Zürich Airport (Kloten Airport) (Zürich/Kloten, Switzerland) during 1974. This station has records back to January 1955.
Zürich/Kloten has a humid continental climate with warm summers and no dry season. The area within 25 mi of this station is covered by croplands (88%), forests (6%), lakes and rivers (3%), and built-up areas (2%)
Daylight saving time (DST) was not observed at Zürich/Kloten during 1974.
1974 was not a leap year, so it has 365 days and no February 29th. The first leap year before 1974 was 1972 and the first after was 1976.
The summer and winter solstices and the spring and fall equinoxes mark the passing of the seasons. They fall on nearly the same day each year, with differences of a day or two depending on the year. In 1974 they occurred on:
|Spring Equinox||Thursday, 21 March 1974.|
|Summer Solstice||Friday, 21 June 1974.|
|Fall Equinox||Monday, 23 September 1974.|
|Winter Solstice||Sunday, 22 December 1974.|
The hottest day of 1974 was August 16, with a high temperature of 93°F. For reference, on that day the average high temperature is 75°F and the high temperature exceeds 85°F only one day in ten. The hottest month of 1974 was August with an average daily high temperature of 75°F.
Relative to the average, the hottest day was December 26. The high temperature that day was 59°F, compared to the average of 38°F, a difference of 21°F. In relative terms the warmest month was December, with an average high temperature of 44°F, compared to an typical value of 39°F.
The longest warm spell was from March 17 to April 14, constituting 29 consecutive days with warmer than average high temperatures. The month of December had the largest fraction of warmer than average days with 81% days with higher than average high temperatures.
The coldest day of 1974 was December 14, with a low temperature of 21°F. For reference, on that day the average low temperature is 30°F and the low temperature drops below 22°F only one day in ten. The coldest month of 1974 was January with an average daily low temperature of 32°F.
Relative to the average, the coldest day was October 17. The low temperature that day was 27°F, compared to the average of 43°F, a difference of 16°F. In relative terms the coldest month was October, with an average low temperature of 37°F, compared to an typical value of 43°F.
The longest cold spell was from September 21 to October 25, constituting 35 consecutive days with cooler than average low temperatures. The month of October had the largest fraction of cooler than average days with 90% days with lower than average low temperatures.
The clearest month of 1974 was April, with 57% of days being more clear than cloudy. The longest spell of clear weather was from April 18 to April 24, constituting 7 consecutive days that were clearer than they were cloudy.
The cloudiest month of 1974 was January, with 87% of days being more cloudy than clear. The longest spell of cloudy weather was from January 24 to February 7, constituting 15 consecutive days that were cloudier than they were clear.
This station provides hourly reports of significant weather events at and around the station, but does not report the quantity of precipitation at the station itself. This is common for weather stations located outside of the United States, and for a small subset of stations in the United States that are located at lesser used and smaller airports.
This station reports when significant weather events (including precipitation) are visually observed at or near the station. Such events do not always correspond to measured quantities of liquid equivalent precipitation, such as when the event is near by not at the station, or in the case of solid precipitation that does not melt in the collection basin.
The day in 1974 with the most precipitation observations was January 18. There were 24 hourly weather reports that day (out of a maximum of 24) in which some form of precipitation was observated at or near the station. The month with the most precipitation observations was October, with 324 hourly present weather reports involving some form of precipitation.
As determined by the present weather reports, the longest dry spell was from April 6 to April 15, constituting 10 consecutive days with no observed precipitation. The month with the largest fraction of days without observed precipitation was April, with 57% of days reporting no observed precipitation at all.
The month with the largest fraction of days with at least some observed precipitation was October, with 94% of days reporting some observed precipitation.
In this section we consider only those weather reports that indicate liquid precipitation. For the purposes of this analysis, we include thunderstorms even though some thunderstorms are not accompanied by liquid precipitation.
The month of 1974 with the largest number of those reports was October, with a total of 310 reports. The day with the largest number of those reports was January 18, with a total of 24 reports.
This station reports when snow is observed falling but does not report the quantity of snow that has fallen or the depth of snow on the ground.
In this section we consider hourly weather reports that contain an observation of falling snow. These reports do not necessarily correspond to accumulation.
The first reported snow fall in 1974 was on October 15; the last was on April 18. The month of 1974 with the largest number of those reports was February, with a total of 69 reports. The day with the largest number of those reports was February 7, with a total of 22 reports.
Humidity is an important factor in determining how weather conditions feel to a person experiencing them. Hot and humid days feel even hotter than hot and dry days because the high level of water content in humid air discourages the evaporation of sweat from a person's skin.
When reading the graph below, keep in mind that the hottest part of the day tends to be the least humid, so the daily low (brown) traces are more relevant for understanding daytime comfort than the daily high (blue) traces, which typically occur during the night. Applying that observation, the least humid month of 1974 was April with an average daily low humidity of 45%, and the most humid month was January with an average daily low humidity of 80%.
But it is important to keep in mind that humidity does not tell the whole picture and the dew point is often a better measure of how comfortable a person will find a given set of weather conditions. Please see the next section for continued discussion of this point.
Dew point is the temperature below which water vapor will condense into liquid water. It is therefore also related to the rate of evaporation of liquid water. Since the evaporation of sweat is an important cooling mechanism for the human body, the dew point is an important measurement for understanding how dry, comfortable, or humid a given set of weather conditions will feel.
Generally speaking, dew points below 50°F will feel a bit dry to some people, but comfortable to people accustomed to dry conditions; dew points from 50°F to 68°F are fairly comfortable to most people, and dew points above 68°F are increasingly uncomfortable, becoming oppressive around 77°F.
To take some examples, and basing our categorization on the daily high dew point in 1974, January had 31 dry days, no comfortable days, and no humid days; April had 29 dry days, 1 comfortable day, and no humid days; July had no dry days, 30 comfortable days, and 1 humid day; and October had 31 dry days, no comfortable days, and no humid days.
The highest sustained wind speed was 46 mph, occurring on October 17; the highest daily mean wind speed was 24 mph (January 17); and the highest wind gust speed was 55 mph (January 17).
The windiest month was December, with an average wind speed of 9 mph. The least windy month was March, with an average wind speed of 6 mph.
Visibility is the maximum distance at which a given reference object or light can be clearly discerned. In the United States, visibilities that are greater than or equal to 10 miles are typically reported as 10 miles.
The day of 1974 with the lowest average visibility was January 5, with an average visibility of 0.5 mi. The month with the lowest average visibility was January, with an average visibility of 4.8 mi. With an average visibility of 8.1 mi, the month of July had the highest average visibility.
The cloud ceiling is the altitude of the lowest layer of clouds that are at categorized as broken (mostly cloudy) or overcast (cloudy). If no such cloud layer exists then the ceiling is unlimited and no value is reported.
The day of 1974 with the lowest average cloud ceiling was June 19, with an average cloud ceiling of 49'. The month with the lowest average cloud ceiling was December, with an average cloud ceiling of 4371'. The month of April has the highest average cloud ceiling, with an average cloud ceiling of 12007'.