This report describes the historical weather record at the William P. Hobby Airport (Houston, Texas, United States) during 1959. This station has records back to July 1948.
Houston, Texas has a warm humid temperate climate with hot summers and no dry season. The area within 25 mi of this station is covered by croplands (63%), built-up areas (19%), grasslands (8%), and oceans and seas (5%)
Daylight saving time (DST) was observed at Houston, Texas during 1959. There were two time changes during 1959:
1959 was not a leap year, so it has 365 days and no February 29th. The first leap year before 1959 was 1956 and the first after was 1960.
The summer and winter solstices and the spring and fall equinoxes mark the passing of the seasons. They fall on nearly the same day each year, with differences of a day or two depending on the year. In 1959 they occurred on:
|Spring Equinox||Saturday, 21 March 1959.|
|Summer Solstice||Monday, 22 June 1959.|
|Fall Equinox||Wednesday, 23 September 1959.|
|Winter Solstice||Tuesday, 22 December 1959.|
The hottest day of 1959 was June 19, with a high temperature of 96°F. For reference, on that day the average high temperature is 90°F and the high temperature exceeds 94°F only one day in ten. The hottest month of 1959 was June with an average daily high temperature of 90°F.
Relative to the average, the hottest day was January 26. The high temperature that day was 76°F, compared to the average of 63°F, a difference of 13°F. In relative terms the warmest month was June, with an average high temperature of 90°F, compared to an typical value of 90°F.
The longest warm spell was from September 26 to October 5, constituting 10 consecutive days with warmer than average high temperatures. The month of June had the largest fraction of warmer than average days with 57% days with higher than average high temperatures.
The coldest day of 1959 was January 4, with a low temperature of 22°F. For reference, on that day the average low temperature is 45°F and the low temperature drops below 33°F only one day in ten. The coldest month of 1959 was January with an average daily low temperature of 41°F.
Relative to the average, the coldest day was November 7. The low temperature that day was 30°F, compared to the average of 56°F, a difference of 26°F. In relative terms the coldest month was November, with an average low temperature of 46°F, compared to an typical value of 54°F.
The longest cold spell was from June 30 to July 13, constituting 14 consecutive days with cooler than average low temperatures. The month of March had the largest fraction of cooler than average days with 81% days with lower than average low temperatures.
The clearest month of 1959 was July, with 71% of days being more clear than cloudy. The longest spell of clear weather was from August 28 to September 8, constituting 12 consecutive days that were clearer than they were cloudy.
The cloudiest month of 1959 was February, with 50% of days being more cloudy than clear. The longest spell of cloudy weather was from January 31 to February 4, constituting 5 consecutive days that were cloudier than they were clear.
This station provides hourly reports of significant weather events at and around the station, but does not report the quantity of precipitation at the station itself. This is common for weather stations located outside of the United States, and for a small subset of stations in the United States that are located at lesser used and smaller airports.
This station reports when significant weather events (including precipitation) are visually observed at or near the station. Such events do not always correspond to measured quantities of liquid equivalent precipitation, such as when the event is near by not at the station, or in the case of solid precipitation that does not melt in the collection basin.
The day in 1959 with the most precipitation observations was February 1. There were 22 hourly weather reports that day (out of a maximum of 24) in which some form of precipitation was observated at or near the station. The month with the most precipitation observations was February, with 162 hourly present weather reports involving some form of precipitation.
As determined by the present weather reports, the longest dry spell was from April 22 to May 1, constituting 10 consecutive days with no observed precipitation. The month with the largest fraction of days without observed precipitation was March, with 71% of days reporting no observed precipitation at all.
The month with the largest fraction of days with at least some observed precipitation was February, with 64% of days reporting some observed precipitation.
Either snow is exceptionally rare at this location or this station did not reliably report it during 1959.
Humidity is an important factor in determining how weather conditions feel to a person experiencing them. Hot and humid days feel even hotter than hot and dry days because the high level of water content in humid air discourages the evaporation of sweat from a person's skin.
When reading the graph below, keep in mind that the hottest part of the day tends to be the least humid, so the daily low (brown) traces are more relevant for understanding daytime comfort than the daily high (blue) traces, which typically occur during the night. Applying that observation, the least humid month of 1959 was March with an average daily low humidity of 44%, and the most humid month was February with an average daily low humidity of 64%.
But it is important to keep in mind that humidity does not tell the whole picture and the dew point is often a better measure of how comfortable a person will find a given set of weather conditions. Please see the next section for continued discussion of this point.
Dew point is the temperature below which water vapor will condense into liquid water. It is therefore also related to the rate of evaporation of liquid water. Since the evaporation of sweat is an important cooling mechanism for the human body, the dew point is an important measurement for understanding how dry, comfortable, or humid a given set of weather conditions will feel.
Generally speaking, dew points below 50°F will feel a bit dry to some people, but comfortable to people accustomed to dry conditions; dew points from 50°F to 68°F are fairly comfortable to most people, and dew points above 68°F are increasingly uncomfortable, becoming oppressive around 77°F.
To take some examples, and basing our categorization on the daily high dew point in 1959, January had 11 dry days, 18 comfortable days, and 2 humid days; April had 2 dry days, 17 comfortable days, and 11 humid days; July had no dry days, no comfortable days, and 31 humid days; and October had no dry days, 13 comfortable days, and 18 humid days.
The highest sustained wind speed was 55 mph, occurring on July 25; the highest daily mean wind speed was 38 mph (July 25);
The windiest month was March, with an average wind speed of 14 mph. The least windy month was August, with an average wind speed of 9 mph.
Visibility is the maximum distance at which a given reference object or light can be clearly discerned. In the United States, visibilities that are greater than or equal to 10 miles are typically reported as 10 miles.
The day of 1959 with the lowest average visibility was November 1, with an average visibility of 1.0 mi. The month with the lowest average visibility was February, with an average visibility of 8.1 mi. With an average visibility of 10.9 mi, the month of March had the highest average visibility.
This station did not reliably report the cloud ceiling during 1959.