This report describes the historical weather record at the Abilene Regional Airport (Abilene, Texas, United States) during 1962. This station has records back to December 1947.
Abilene, Texas has a warm humid temperate climate with hot summers and no dry season. The area within 25 mi of this station is covered by grasslands (96%)
Daylight saving time (DST) was observed at Abilene, Texas during 1962. There were two time changes during 1962:
1962 was not a leap year, so it has 365 days and no February 29th. The first leap year before 1962 was 1960 and the first after was 1964.
The summer and winter solstices and the spring and fall equinoxes mark the passing of the seasons. They fall on nearly the same day each year, with differences of a day or two depending on the year. In 1962 they occurred on:
|Spring Equinox||Wednesday, 21 March 1962.|
|Summer Solstice||Thursday, 21 June 1962.|
|Fall Equinox||Sunday, 23 September 1962.|
|Winter Solstice||Saturday, 22 December 1962.|
The hottest day of 1962 was August 5, with a high temperature of 103°F. For reference, on that day the average high temperature is 94°F and the high temperature exceeds 100°F only one day in ten. The hottest month of 1962 was August with an average daily high temperature of 97°F.
Relative to the average, the hottest day was February 11. The high temperature that day was 86°F, compared to the average of 59°F, a difference of 27°F. In relative terms the warmest month was February, with an average high temperature of 68°F, compared to an typical value of 60°F.
The longest warm spell was from October 3 to October 17, constituting 15 consecutive days with warmer than average high temperatures. The month of August had the largest fraction of warmer than average days with 87% days with higher than average high temperatures.
The coldest day of 1962 was January 11, with a low temperature of 7°F. For reference, on that day the average low temperature is 33°F and the low temperature drops below 21°F only one day in ten. The coldest month of 1962 was January with an average daily low temperature of 27°F.
Relative to the average, the coldest day was March 1. The low temperature that day was 12°F, compared to the average of 42°F, a difference of 30°F. In relative terms the coldest month was January, with an average low temperature of 27°F, compared to an typical value of 33°F.
The longest cold spell was from January 9 to January 24, constituting 16 consecutive days with cooler than average low temperatures. The month of June had the largest fraction of cooler than average days with 80% days with lower than average low temperatures.
The clearest month of 1962 was August, with 87% of days being more clear than cloudy. The longest spell of clear weather was from January 26 to February 7, constituting 13 consecutive days that were clearer than they were cloudy.
The cloudiest month of 1962 was November, with 47% of days being more cloudy than clear. The longest spell of cloudy weather was from November 23 to December 2, constituting 10 consecutive days that were cloudier than they were clear.
This station reports both the quantity of liquid precipitation and categorical observations of precipitation (e.g., moderate rain, or heavy snow). Both are subject to erroneous reports, but the former is particularly prone to false reports, especially ones indicating an excessive quantity of precipitation. Please bear this in mind when reading the extrema reported in this section.
The day with the largest quantity of precipitation was July 26. That day saw 2.724" of liquid (or liquid equivalent) precipitation, compared to a median value of 0.147". The month with the most precipitation was June, with 8.591", compared to a median value of 2.435".
As determined by quantitative measurements, the longest dry spell was from April 28 to May 28, constituting 31 consecutive days with no measured precipitation. The month with the largest fraction of dry days was May, with 94% of days reporting no measured precipitation at all.
The month with the largest fraction of days with at least some measured precipitation was September, with 30% of days reporting some measured precipitation.
This station reports when significant weather events (including precipitation) are visually observed at or near the station. Such events do not always correspond to measured quantities of liquid equivalent precipitation, such as when the event is near by not at the station, or in the case of solid precipitation that does not melt in the collection basin.
The day in 1962 with the most precipitation observations was January 22. There were 19 hourly weather reports that day (out of a maximum of 24) in which some form of precipitation was observated at or near the station. The month with the most precipitation observations was September, with 83 hourly present weather reports involving some form of precipitation.
As determined by the present weather reports, the longest dry spell was from January 27 to February 17, constituting 22 consecutive days with no observed precipitation. The month with the largest fraction of days without observed precipitation was May, with 87% of days reporting no observed precipitation at all.
The month with the largest fraction of days with at least some observed precipitation was June, with 37% of days reporting some observed precipitation.
In this section we consider only those weather reports that indicate liquid precipitation. For the purposes of this analysis, we include thunderstorms even though some thunderstorms are not accompanied by liquid precipitation.
The month of 1962 with the largest number of those reports was September, with a total of 83 reports. The day with the largest number of those reports was September 5, with a total of 19 reports.
This station reports when snow is observed falling but does not report the quantity of snow that has fallen or the depth of snow on the ground.
In this section we consider hourly weather reports that contain an observation of falling snow. These reports do not necessarily correspond to accumulation.
The first reported snow fall in 1962 was on December 23; the last was on March 15. The month of 1962 with the largest number of those reports was January, with a total of 18 reports. The day with the largest number of those reports was March 14, with a total of 12 reports.
Humidity is an important factor in determining how weather conditions feel to a person experiencing them. Hot and humid days feel even hotter than hot and dry days because the high level of water content in humid air discourages the evaporation of sweat from a person's skin.
When reading the graph below, keep in mind that the hottest part of the day tends to be the least humid, so the daily low (brown) traces are more relevant for understanding daytime comfort than the daily high (blue) traces, which typically occur during the night. Applying that observation, the least humid month of 1962 was February with an average daily low humidity of 25%, and the most humid month was September with an average daily low humidity of 46%.
But it is important to keep in mind that humidity does not tell the whole picture and the dew point is often a better measure of how comfortable a person will find a given set of weather conditions. Please see the next section for continued discussion of this point.
Dew point is the temperature below which water vapor will condense into liquid water. It is therefore also related to the rate of evaporation of liquid water. Since the evaporation of sweat is an important cooling mechanism for the human body, the dew point is an important measurement for understanding how dry, comfortable, or humid a given set of weather conditions will feel.
Generally speaking, dew points below 50°F will feel a bit dry to some people, but comfortable to people accustomed to dry conditions; dew points from 50°F to 68°F are fairly comfortable to most people, and dew points above 68°F are increasingly uncomfortable, becoming oppressive around 77°F.
To take some examples, and basing our categorization on the daily high dew point in 1962, January had 30 dry days, 1 comfortable day, and no humid days; April had 7 dry days, 22 comfortable days, and 1 humid day; July had no dry days, 5 comfortable days, and 26 humid days; and October had 5 dry days, 16 comfortable days, and 10 humid days.
The highest sustained wind speed was 37 mph, occurring on March 11; the highest daily mean wind speed was 23 mph (March 11);
The windiest month was May, with an average wind speed of 15 mph. The least windy month was September, with an average wind speed of 7 mph.
Visibility is the maximum distance at which a given reference object or light can be clearly discerned. In the United States, visibilities that are greater than or equal to 10 miles are typically reported as 10 miles.
The day of 1962 with the lowest average visibility was November 24, with an average visibility of 5.4 mi. The month with the lowest average visibility was September, with an average visibility of 22.3 mi. With an average visibility of 29.5 mi, the month of August had the highest average visibility.
The cloud ceiling is the altitude of the lowest layer of clouds that are at categorized as broken (mostly cloudy) or overcast (cloudy). If no such cloud layer exists then the ceiling is unlimited and no value is reported.
The day of 1962 with the lowest average cloud ceiling was July 29, with an average cloud ceiling of 98'. The month with the lowest average cloud ceiling was October, with an average cloud ceiling of 19721'. The month of May has the highest average cloud ceiling, with an average cloud ceiling of 48963'.