This report describes the historical weather record at the Ottawa Macdonald-Cartier International Airport (Ottawa, Ontario, Canada) during 1952. This station has records back to January 1950.
Ottawa, Ontario has a humid continental climate with warm summers and no dry season. The area within 25 mi of this station is covered by forests (73%), croplands (18%), lakes and rivers (3%), and built-up areas (3%)
Daylight saving time (DST) was observed at Ottawa, Ontario during 1952. There were two time changes during 1952:
1952 was a leap year and thus has 366 days rather than the normal 365. Leap years occur every fourth year and the extra day is always February 29th. In 1952 February 29th falls on a Friday.
The summer and winter solstices and the spring and fall equinoxes mark the passing of the seasons. They fall on nearly the same day each year, with differences of a day or two depending on the year. In 1952 they occurred on:
|Spring Equinox||Thursday, 20 March 1952.|
|Summer Solstice||Saturday, 21 June 1952.|
|Fall Equinox||Tuesday, 23 September 1952.|
|Winter Solstice||Sunday, 21 December 1952.|
The hottest day of 1952 was July 14, with a high temperature of 91°F. For reference, on that day the average high temperature is 79°F and the high temperature exceeds 88°F only one day in ten. The hottest month of 1952 was July with an average daily high temperature of 82°F.
Relative to the average, the hottest day was January 15. The high temperature that day was 45°F, compared to the average of 21°F, a difference of 24°F. In relative terms the warmest month was April, with an average high temperature of 56°F, compared to an typical value of 52°F.
The longest warm spell was from December 3 to December 19, constituting 17 consecutive days with warmer than average high temperatures. The month of July had the largest fraction of warmer than average days with 74% days with higher than average high temperatures.
The coldest day of 1952 was January 30, with a low temperature of -23°F. For reference, on that day the average low temperature is 6°F and the low temperature drops below -8°F only one day in ten. The coldest month of 1952 was January with an average daily low temperature of 5°F.
Relative to the average, the coldest day was January 30. The low temperature that day was -23°F, compared to the average of 6°F, a difference of 29°F. In relative terms the coldest month was October, with an average low temperature of 34°F, compared to an typical value of 39°F.
The longest cold spell was from July 29 to August 9, constituting 12 consecutive days with cooler than average low temperatures. The month of October had the largest fraction of cooler than average days with 71% days with lower than average low temperatures.
The longest freezing spell was from January 3 to January 12, constituting 10 consecutive days with temperatures strictly below freezing.
The clearest month of 1952 was August, with 58% of days being more clear than cloudy. The longest spell of clear weather was from August 23 to August 29, constituting 7 consecutive days that were clearer than they were cloudy.
The cloudiest month of 1952 was November, with 57% of days being more cloudy than clear. The longest spell of cloudy weather was from December 21 to December 27, constituting 7 consecutive days that were cloudier than they were clear.
This station provides hourly reports of significant weather events at and around the station, but does not report the quantity of precipitation at the station itself. This is common for weather stations located outside of the United States, and for a small subset of stations in the United States that are located at lesser used and smaller airports.
This station reports when significant weather events (including precipitation) are visually observed at or near the station. Such events do not always correspond to measured quantities of liquid equivalent precipitation, such as when the event is near by not at the station, or in the case of solid precipitation that does not melt in the collection basin.
The day in 1952 with the most precipitation observations was March 8. There were 24 hourly weather reports that day (out of a maximum of 24) in which some form of precipitation was observated at or near the station. The month with the most precipitation observations was December, with 217 hourly present weather reports involving some form of precipitation.
As determined by the present weather reports, the longest dry spell was from April 23 to May 6, constituting 14 consecutive days with no observed precipitation. The month with the largest fraction of days without observed precipitation was August, with 81% of days reporting no observed precipitation at all.
The month with the largest fraction of days with at least some observed precipitation was January, with 77% of days reporting some observed precipitation.
In this section we consider only those weather reports that indicate liquid precipitation. For the purposes of this analysis, we include thunderstorms even though some thunderstorms are not accompanied by liquid precipitation.
The month of 1952 with the largest number of those reports was May, with a total of 138 reports. The day with the largest number of those reports was May 12, with a total of 22 reports.
This station reports when snow is observed falling but does not report the quantity of snow that has fallen or the depth of snow on the ground.
In this section we consider hourly weather reports that contain an observation of falling snow. These reports do not necessarily correspond to accumulation.
The first reported snow fall in 1952 was on October 7; the last was on April 11. The month of 1952 with the largest number of those reports was December, with a total of 160 reports. The day with the largest number of those reports was March 8, with a total of 24 reports.
Humidity is an important factor in determining how weather conditions feel to a person experiencing them. Hot and humid days feel even hotter than hot and dry days because the high level of water content in humid air discourages the evaporation of sweat from a person's skin.
When reading the graph below, keep in mind that the hottest part of the day tends to be the least humid, so the daily low (brown) traces are more relevant for understanding daytime comfort than the daily high (blue) traces, which typically occur during the night. Applying that observation, the least humid month of 1952 was April with an average daily low humidity of 48%, and the most humid month was December with an average daily low humidity of 73%.
But it is important to keep in mind that humidity does not tell the whole picture and the dew point is often a better measure of how comfortable a person will find a given set of weather conditions. Please see the next section for continued discussion of this point.
Dew point is the temperature below which water vapor will condense into liquid water. It is therefore also related to the rate of evaporation of liquid water. Since the evaporation of sweat is an important cooling mechanism for the human body, the dew point is an important measurement for understanding how dry, comfortable, or humid a given set of weather conditions will feel.
Generally speaking, dew points below 50°F will feel a bit dry to some people, but comfortable to people accustomed to dry conditions; dew points from 50°F to 68°F are fairly comfortable to most people, and dew points above 68°F are increasingly uncomfortable, becoming oppressive around 77°F.
To take some examples, and basing our categorization on the daily high dew point in 1952, January had 31 dry days, no comfortable days, and no humid days; April had 27 dry days, 3 comfortable days, and no humid days; July had no dry days, 13 comfortable days, and 18 humid days; and October had 27 dry days, 4 comfortable days, and no humid days.
The highest sustained wind speed was 44 mph, occurring on May 23; the highest daily mean wind speed was 23 mph (April 5);
The windiest month was February, with an average wind speed of 11 mph. The least windy month was September, with an average wind speed of 9 mph.
Visibility is the maximum distance at which a given reference object or light can be clearly discerned. In the United States, visibilities that are greater than or equal to 10 miles are typically reported as 10 miles.
The day of 1952 with the lowest average visibility was December 9, with an average visibility of 1.7 mi. The month with the lowest average visibility was January, with an average visibility of 9.4 mi. With an average visibility of 13.3 mi, the month of June had the highest average visibility.
The cloud ceiling is the altitude of the lowest layer of clouds that are at categorized as broken (mostly cloudy) or overcast (cloudy). If no such cloud layer exists then the ceiling is unlimited and no value is reported.
The day of 1952 with the lowest average cloud ceiling was August 27, with an average cloud ceiling of 49'. The month with the lowest average cloud ceiling was December, with an average cloud ceiling of 4239'. The month of May has the highest average cloud ceiling, with an average cloud ceiling of 11298'.