Climate and Average Weather Year Round in Alabama United States

We show the climate in Alabama by comparing the average weather in 3 representative places: Birmingham, Huntsville, and Mobile.

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Alabama, United States
Alabama, United States
Alabama, United States

Average High and Low Temperature in Alabama

Average High and Low Temperature in AlabamaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec30°F30°F35°F35°F40°F40°F45°F45°F50°F50°F55°F55°F60°F60°F65°F65°F70°F70°F75°F75°F80°F80°F85°F85°F90°F90°F7236905470334975429060NowNowBirminghamBirminghamHuntsvilleHuntsvilleMobileMobile
The daily average high and low air temperature at 2 meters above the ground.
Birmingham 54°F59°F67°F74°F81°F87°F90°F89°F84°F75°F65°F57°F
Huntsville 50°F54°F63°F72°F79°F86°F88°F88°F82°F72°F61°F53°F
Mobile 60°F64°F70°F76°F83°F88°F90°F89°F86°F78°F70°F63°F
Birmingham 36°F39°F46°F53°F61°F69°F72°F71°F65°F54°F45°F39°F
Huntsville 33°F36°F43°F51°F59°F66°F70°F68°F62°F51°F42°F36°F
Mobile 42°F45°F52°F59°F66°F72°F74°F74°F70°F60°F51°F45°F


Average Hourly Temperature in BirminghamJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM12 AM4 AM4 AM8 AM8 AM12 PM12 PM4 PM4 PM8 PM8 PM12 AM12 AMNowNowvery coldcoldcoldcoolcoolwarmhotvery coldvery coldwarmvery cold


Average Hourly Temperature in HuntsvilleJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM12 AM4 AM4 AM8 AM8 AM12 PM12 PM4 PM4 PM8 PM8 PM12 AM12 AMNowNowvery coldvery coldvery coldcoldcoldcoolcoolcomfortablewarmhotvery cold


Average Hourly Temperature in MobileJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM12 AM4 AM4 AM8 AM8 AM12 PM12 PM4 PM4 PM8 PM8 PM12 AM12 AMNowNowcoldcoldcoldcoldcoolcoolwarmhotcomfortablecomfortablevery cold
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Chance of Clearer Skies in Alabama

Chance of Clearer Skies in AlabamaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%0%10%10%20%20%30%30%40%40%50%50%60%60%70%70%80%80%90%90%100%100%6746676742NowNowBirminghamBirminghamHuntsvilleHuntsvilleMobileMobile
The percentage of time the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy (i.e., less than 60% of the sky is covered by clouds).
Clearer SkiesJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Birmingham 47%48%51%57%57%57%57%63%64%66%58%49%
Huntsville 46%48%51%56%56%57%60%66%66%65%57%48%
Mobile 55%56%58%62%59%53%43%50%59%66%63%56%

Daily Chance of Precipitation in Alabama

Daily Chance of Precipitation in AlabamaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%0%10%10%20%20%30%30%40%40%50%50%60%60%70%70%80%80%90%90%100%100%44204160NowNowBirminghamBirminghamHuntsvilleHuntsvilleMobileMobile
The percentage of days in which precipitation is observed, excluding trace quantities.
Days of Precip.JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Birmingham 9.6d8.6d9.8d9.5d10.5d12.1d13.0d10.9d7.6d6.7d8.1d9.2d
Huntsville 9.3d8.3d9.8d9.7d10.9d11.7d12.2d9.9d7.8d7.1d8.4d9.6d
Mobile 9.8d8.6d9.3d8.2d9.8d13.6d17.9d15.0d9.8d6.7d7.4d9.1d

Average Monthly Rainfall in Alabama

Average Monthly Rainfall in AlabamaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 in0 in1 in1 in2 in2 in3 in3 in4 in4 in5 in5 in6 in6 in5.
The average rainfall accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question.
Birmingham 4.5″5.0″5.0″4.3″3.8″3.6″3.5″2.9″3.2″3.0″4.1″4.5″
Huntsville 4.3″4.5″4.7″4.4″3.8″3.5″3.2″2.8″3.3″3.2″4.3″4.9″
Mobile 4.8″5.1″5.3″4.8″4.4″4.9″5.7″4.8″4.2″3.3″3.9″4.5″

Average Monthly Snowfall in Alabama

Average Monthly Snowfall in AlabamaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0.0 in0.0 in0.2 in0.2 in0.4 in0.4 in0.6 in0.6 in0.8 in0.8 in1.0 in1.0 in1.2 in1.2 in1.4 in1.4 in1.6 in1.6 in1.11.50.4NowNowHuntsvilleHuntsvilleMobileMobile
The average snowfall accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question.
Birmingham 1.1″0.4″0.2″0.0″0.0″0.0″0.0″0.0″0.0″0.0″0.0″0.3″
Huntsville 1.4″1.0″0.2″0.0″0.0″0.0″0.0″0.0″0.0″0.0″0.0″0.5″
Mobile 0.4″0.1″0.0″0.0″0.0″0.0″0.0″0.0″0.0″0.0″0.0″0.0″

Hours of Daylight in Alabama

Hours of Daylight in AlabamaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec4 hr4 hr6 hr6 hr8 hr8 hr10 hr10 hr12 hr12 hr14 hr14 hr16 hr16 hr18 hr18 hr20 hr20 hr14.49.9NowNowBirminghamBirminghamHuntsvilleHuntsvilleMobileMobile
The number of hours during which the Sun is at least partly above the horizon.
Birmingham 10.2h11.0h12.0h13.1h13.9h14.3h14.1h13.3h12.3h11.3h10.4h10.0h
Huntsville 10.1h11.0h12.0h13.1h14.0h14.5h14.2h13.4h12.3h11.3h10.3h9.9h
Mobile 10.4h11.1h12.0h13.0h13.7h14.1h13.9h13.2h12.3h11.4h10.6h10.2h

Chance of Muggy Conditions in Alabama

Chance of Muggy Conditions in AlabamaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%0%10%10%20%20%30%30%40%40%50%50%60%60%70%70%80%80%90%90%100%100%9085983NowNowBirminghamBirminghamHuntsvilleHuntsvilleMobileMobile
The percentage of time that is muggy, oppressive, or miserable (i.e., a dew point greater than 65°F).
Muggy daysJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Birmingham 0.1d0.1d0.3d1.5d9.1d20.2d26.9d25.0d14.2d3.9d1.0d0.3d
Huntsville 0.0d0.0d0.1d0.6d6.1d17.4d25.4d22.6d11.3d2.4d0.3d0.0d
Mobile 1.1d1.1d3.2d7.7d17.7d26.2d30.0d29.4d21.8d10.3d4.4d2.4d

Average Wind Speed in Alabama

Average Wind Speed in AlabamaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 mph0 mph1 mph1 mph2 mph2 mph3 mph3 mph4 mph4 mph5 mph5 mph6 mph6 mph7 mph7 mph8 mph8 mph5.
The average of mean hourly wind speeds at 10 meters above the ground.
Wind Speed (mph)JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec

Average Water Temperature in Alabama

Average Water Temperature in AlabamaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec60°F60°F65°F65°F70°F70°F75°F75°F80°F80°F85°F85°FNaNNaN8462NowNowMobileMobile
The daily average wide-area surface water temperature.
Water Temp.JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Mobile 62°F62°F64°F69°F76°F81°F84°F84°F82°F77°F70°F65°F

Tourism Score in Alabama

Tourism Score in AlabamaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec002244668810106.
The tourism score, which favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F.

Beach/Pool Score in Alabama

Beach/Pool Score in AlabamaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec002244668810106.
The beach/pool score, which favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F.

Growing Season in Alabama

Growing Season in AlabamaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%0%20%20%40%40%60%60%80%80%100%100%NowNowBirminghamBirminghamHuntsvilleHuntsvilleMobileMobile
The percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season, defined as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

Growing Degree Days in Alabama

Growing Degree Days in AlabamaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec1,000°F1,000°F2,000°F2,000°F3,000°F3,000°F4,000°F4,000°F5,000°F5,000°F6,000°F6,000°F7,000°F7,000°FNowNowBirminghamBirminghamHuntsvilleHuntsvilleMobileMobile
The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of the year, where growing degree days are defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature (50°F in this case).

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in Alabama

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in AlabamaJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 kWh0 kWh1 kWh1 kWh2 kWh2 kWh3 kWh3 kWh4 kWh4 kWh5 kWh5 kWh6 kWh6 kWh7 kWh7 kWh6.
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter.
Solar Energy (kWh)JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec

This report illustrates the typical weather for Birmingham, Huntsville, and Mobile year round, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

The details of the data sources used on this page vary between places and are discussed in detail on each place's dedicated page:


The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

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