Climate and Average Weather Year Round in Turkey

We show the climate in Turkey by comparing the average weather in 4 representative places: Ankara, İstanbul, İzmir, and Diyarbakır.

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Average High and Low Temperature in Turkey

Average High and Low Temperature in TurkeyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec10°F10°F20°F20°F30°F30°F40°F40°F50°F50°F60°F60°F70°F70°F80°F80°F90°F90°F100°F100°F60238738713847945328102441634324498NowNowAnkaraAnkaraDiyarbakırDiyarbakırİstanbulİstanbulİzmirİzmir
The daily average high and low air temperature at 2 meters above the ground. The thin dotted lines are the corresponding perceived temperatures.
Ankara 38°F43°F51°F61°F70°F79°F85°F85°F77°F66°F52°F42°F
İstanbul 48°F48°F53°F61°F70°F79°F83°F83°F77°F67°F58°F51°F
İzmir 53°F55°F61°F69°F79°F88°F93°F93°F85°F75°F64°F56°F
Diyarbakır 45°F49°F58°F68°F79°F92°F100°F99°F90°F76°F60°F48°F
Ankara 24°F25°F31°F39°F46°F53°F59°F58°F50°F41°F32°F27°F
İstanbul 39°F39°F42°F48°F56°F65°F69°F70°F63°F56°F49°F43°F
İzmir 38°F39°F43°F49°F57°F65°F71°F70°F62°F54°F46°F41°F
Diyarbakır 28°F31°F37°F45°F53°F64°F72°F71°F62°F51°F39°F32°F


Average Hourly Temperature in AnkaraJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM12 AM4 AM4 AM8 AM8 AM12 PM12 PM4 PM4 PM8 PM8 PM12 AM12 AMNowNowfreezingvery coldvery coldcoldcoldcoolwarmfreezingfreezinghotcomfortablecomfortable


Average Hourly Temperature in İstanbulJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM12 AM4 AM4 AM8 AM8 AM12 PM12 PM4 PM4 PM8 PM8 PM12 AM12 AMNowNowvery coldvery coldcoldcoldcoolcoolcomfortablewarmvery cold


Average Hourly Temperature in İzmirJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM12 AM4 AM4 AM8 AM8 AM12 PM12 PM4 PM4 PM8 PM8 PM12 AM12 AMNowNowvery coldcoldcoldcoolcoolcomfortablewarmhotwarmvery coldvery cold


Average Hourly Temperature in DiyarbakırJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec12 AM12 AM4 AM4 AM8 AM8 AM12 PM12 PM4 PM4 PM8 PM8 PM12 AM12 AMNowNowfreezingvery coldcoldcoldcoolcoolwarmhotswelteringwarmcomfortable
frigid 15°F freezing 32°F very cold 45°F cold 55°F cool 65°F comfortable 75°F warm 85°F hot 95°F sweltering
The average hourly temperature, color coded into bands. The shaded overlays indicate night and civil twilight.

Chance of Clearer Skies in Turkey

Chance of Clearer Skies in TurkeyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%0%10%10%20%20%30%30%40%40%50%50%60%60%70%70%80%80%90%90%100%100%9846429954NowNowAnkaraAnkaraDiyarbakırDiyarbakırİstanbulİstanbulİzmirİzmir
The percentage of time the sky is clear, mostly clear, or partly cloudy (i.e., less than 60% of the sky is covered by clouds).
Clearer SkiesJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Ankara 50%50%53%57%67%85%96%97%85%65%54%48%
İstanbul 45%44%48%54%66%82%95%93%79%60%50%43%
İzmir 57%57%61%65%73%91%99%98%87%71%61%55%
Diyarbakır 53%53%56%62%76%95%100%100%93%71%60%54%

Daily Chance of Precipitation in Turkey

Daily Chance of Precipitation in TurkeyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%0%10%10%20%20%30%30%40%40%50%50%60%60%70%70%80%80%90%90%100%100%22532728NowNowAnkaraAnkaraDiyarbakırDiyarbakırİstanbulİstanbulİzmirİzmir
The percentage of days in which precipitation is observed, excluding trace quantities.
Days of Precip.JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Ankara 5.4d5.1d5.7d6.3d6.5d4.8d2.4d1.8d2.5d4.2d4.7d5.9d
İstanbul 8.4d7.3d7.0d6.2d5.0d4.2d2.3d2.9d4.4d6.5d7.9d9.5d
İzmir 8.6d7.9d6.8d5.2d3.5d1.5d0.4d0.5d1.6d3.8d6.7d9.6d
Diyarbakır 6.8d7.8d7.8d6.9d5.1d1.5d0.2d0.2d0.9d4.2d5.7d6.8d

Average Monthly Rainfall in Turkey

Average Monthly Rainfall in TurkeyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 in0 in1 in1 in2 in2 in3 in3 in4 in4 in1.ırDiyarbakırİstanbulİstanbulİzmirİzmir
The average rainfall accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question.
Ankara 0.9″0.8″0.9″1.3″1.3″1.0″0.5″0.4″0.5″0.9″1.1″1.1″
İstanbul 2.3″1.9″1.8″1.5″1.1″1.0″0.6″0.7″1.3″2.2″2.6″2.8″
İzmir 3.4″3.3″2.3″1.6″0.9″0.3″0.1″0.1″0.5″1.4″3.1″3.9″
Diyarbakır 1.6″2.0″2.0″1.9″1.2″0.3″0.0″0.0″0.2″1.2″1.8″1.9″

Average Monthly Snowfall in Turkey

Average Monthly Snowfall in TurkeyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0.0 in0.0 in0.5 in0.5 in1.0 in1.0 in1.5 in1.5 in2.0 in2.0 in2.5 in2.5 in3.0 in3.0 in3.5 in3.5 in3.ırDiyarbakırİstanbulİstanbul
The average snowfall accumulated over the course of a sliding 31-day period centered on the day in question.
Ankara 3.1″1.9″0.8″0.0″0.0″0.0″0.0″0.0″0.0″0.0″0.2″2.0″
İstanbul 0.8″1.4″0.3″0.0″0.0″0.0″0.0″0.0″0.0″0.0″0.0″0.3″
İzmir 0.1″0.0″0.0″0.0″0.0″0.0″0.0″0.0″0.0″0.0″0.0″0.0″
Diyarbakır 1.6″1.8″0.3″0.0″0.0″0.0″0.0″0.0″0.0″0.0″0.2″1.0″

Hours of Daylight in Turkey

Hours of Daylight in TurkeyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec4 hr4 hr6 hr6 hr8 hr8 hr10 hr10 hr12 hr12 hr14 hr14 hr16 hr16 hr18 hr18 hr20 hr20 hr15.09.3NowNowAnkaraAnkaraDiyarbakırDiyarbakırİstanbulİstanbulİzmirİzmir
The number of hours during which the Sun is at least partly above the horizon.
Ankara 9.7h10.7h12.0h13.3h14.4h15.0h14.7h13.7h12.4h11.1h10.0h9.4h
İstanbul 9.6h10.6h12.0h13.3h14.5h15.1h14.8h13.7h12.4h11.1h9.9h9.3h
İzmir 9.8h10.8h12.0h13.2h14.3h14.8h14.5h13.6h12.4h11.2h10.1h9.5h
Diyarbakır 9.9h10.8h12.0h13.2h14.2h14.8h14.5h13.6h12.4h11.2h10.1h9.6h

Chance of Muggy Conditions in Turkey

Chance of Muggy Conditions in TurkeyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%0%10%10%20%20%30%30%40%40%50%50%60%60%70%70%80%80%90%90%100%100%4881NowNowDiyarbakırDiyarbakırİstanbulİstanbulİzmirİzmir
The percentage of time that is muggy, oppressive, or miserable (i.e., a dew point greater than 65°F).
Muggy daysJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Ankara 0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d
İstanbul 0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.2d3.9d11.3d12.7d3.9d0.6d0.0d0.0d
İzmir 0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.3d1.5d1.9d0.4d0.1d0.0d0.0d
Diyarbakır 0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.1d0.1d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d0.0d

Average Wind Speed in Turkey

Average Wind Speed in TurkeyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 mph0 mph2 mph2 mph4 mph4 mph6 mph6 mph8 mph8 mph10 mph10 mph12 mph12 mph7.96.411.98.511.ırDiyarbakırİstanbulİstanbulİzmirİzmir
The average of mean hourly wind speeds at 10 meters above the ground.
Wind Speed (mph)JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
İstanbul 11.511.711.
İzmir 9.710.

Average Water Temperature in Turkey

Average Water Temperature in TurkeyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec45°F45°F50°F50°F55°F55°F60°F60°F65°F65°F70°F70°F75°F75°F80°F80°FNaN754659NaNNowNowİzmirİzmir
The daily average wide-area surface water temperature.
Water Temp.JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
İstanbul 48°F46°F47°F52°F60°F69°F74°F75°F72°F66°F58°F52°F
İzmir 60°F59°F59°F61°F66°F71°F74°F74°F73°F69°F65°F62°F

Tourism Score in Turkey

Tourism Score in TurkeyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec002244668810108.ırDiyarbakırİstanbulİstanbulİzmirİzmir
The tourism score, which favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 65°F and 80°F.

Beach/Pool Score in Turkey

Beach/Pool Score in TurkeyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec002244668810108.ırDiyarbakırİstanbulİstanbul
The beach/pool score, which favors clear, rainless days with perceived temperatures between 75°F and 90°F.

Growing Season in Turkey

Growing Season in TurkeyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0%0%20%20%40%40%60%60%80%80%100%100%NowNowAnkaraAnkaraDiyarbakırDiyarbakırİstanbulİstanbulİzmirİzmir
The percentage chance that a given day is within the growing season, defined as the longest continuous period of non-freezing temperatures (≥ 32°F) in the year (the calendar year in the Northern Hemisphere, or from July 1 until June 30 in the Southern Hemisphere).

Growing Degree Days in Turkey

Growing Degree Days in TurkeyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec1,000°F1,000°F2,000°F2,000°F3,000°F3,000°F4,000°F4,000°F5,000°F5,000°FNowNowAnkaraAnkaraDiyarbakırDiyarbakırİstanbulİstanbulİzmirİzmir
The average growing degree days accumulated over the course of the year, where growing degree days are defined as the integral of warmth above a base temperature (50°F in this case).

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in Turkey

Average Daily Incident Shortwave Solar Energy in TurkeyJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec0 kWh0 kWh1 kWh1 kWh2 kWh2 kWh3 kWh3 kWh4 kWh4 kWh5 kWh5 kWh6 kWh6 kWh7 kWh7 kWh8 kWh8 kWh9 kWh9 kWh8.ırDiyarbakırİstanbulİstanbulİzmirİzmir
The average daily shortwave solar energy reaching the ground per square meter.
Solar Energy (kWh)JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec

This report illustrates the typical weather for Ankara, İstanbul, İzmir, and Diyarbakır year round, based on a statistical analysis of historical hourly weather reports and model reconstructions from January 1, 1980 to December 31, 2016.

The details of the data sources used on this page vary between places and are discussed in detail on each place's dedicated page:


The information on this site is provided as is, without any assurances as to its accuracy or suitability for any purpose. Weather data is prone to errors, outages, and other defects. We assume no responsibility for any decisions made on the basis of the content presented on this site.

We draw particular cautious attention to our reliance on the MERRA-2 model-based reconstructions for a number of important data series. While having the tremendous advantages of temporal and spatial completeness, these reconstructions: (1) are based on computer models that may have model-based errors, (2) are coarsely sampled on a 50 km grid and are therefore unable to reconstruct the local variations of many microclimates, and (3) have particular difficulty with the weather in some coastal areas, especially small islands.

We further caution that our travel scores are only as good as the data that underpin them, that weather conditions at any given location and time are unpredictable and variable, and that the definition of the scores reflects a particular set of preferences that may not agree with those of any particular reader.

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